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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
Form 10-K
 
     
(Mark One)    
þ
  ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009.
o
  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the transition period from          to          .
 
Commission file number: 1-11311
 
(Lear Corporation Graphic)
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
     
Delaware
  13-3386776
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
21557 Telegraph Road, Southfield, MI
  48033
(Address of principal executive offices)
  (Zip code)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:
(248) 447-1500
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
     
Title of Each Class
 
Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
 
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
  New York Stock Exchange
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
Warrants to purchase Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
 
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes o     No þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes o     No o
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer o Accelerated filer o Non-accelerated filer þ Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes o     No þ
 
As of July 4, 2009, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $17,697,218. The closing price of the common stock on July 4, 2009, as reported on the New York Stock Exchange, was $0.23 per share.
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Section 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.  Yes þ     No o
 
As of February 23, 2010, the number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock was 42,764,954 shares.
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
 
Certain sections of the Registrant’s Notice of Annual Meeting of Stockholders and Proxy Statement for its Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 13, 2010, as described in the Cross-Reference Sheet and Table of Contents included herewith, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Report.
 


 

 
LEAR CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CROSS REFERENCE SHEET AND TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
                 
        Page Number
        or Reference
 
PART I
  ITEM 1.     Business     3  
  ITEM 1A.     Risk factors     16  
  ITEM 1B.     Unresolved staff comments     21  
  ITEM 2.     Properties     21  
  ITEM 3.     Legal proceedings     22  
  ITEM 4.     Submission of matters to a vote of security holders     22  
 
PART II
  ITEM 5.     Market for the Company’s common equity, related stockholder matters and issuer purchases of equity securities     23  
  ITEM 6.     Selected financial data     25  
  ITEM 7.     Management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations     28  
  ITEM 7A.     Quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk (included in Item 7)        
  ITEM 8.     Consolidated financial statements and supplementary data     60  
  ITEM 9.     Changes in and disagreements with accountants on accounting and financial disclosure     127  
  ITEM 9A.     Controls and procedures     127  
  ITEM 9B.     Other information     127  
 
PART III(1)
  ITEM 10.     Directors, executive officers and corporate governance     128  
  ITEM 11.     Executive compensation     132  
  ITEM 12.     Security ownership of certain beneficial owners and management and related stockholder matters(2)     161  
  ITEM 13.     Certain relationships and related transactions, and director independence     162  
  ITEM 14.     Principal accountant fees and services(3)     165  
 
PART IV
  ITEM 15.     Exhibits and financial statement schedule     165  
 EX-4.2
 EX-10.24
 EX-10.25
 EX-12.1
 EX-21.1
 EX-23.1
 EX-31.1
 EX-31.2
 EX-32.1
 EX-32.2
 
 
(1) Certain information is incorporated by reference, as indicated below, to the registrant’s Notice of Annual Meeting of Stockholders and Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A for its Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 13, 2010 (the “Proxy Statement”).
 
(2) A portion of the information required is incorporated by reference to the Proxy Statement section entitled “Beneficial Ownership — Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management.”
 
(3) Incorporated by reference to the Proxy Statement section entitled “Fees of Independent Accountants.”


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PART I
 
ITEM 1 —  BUSINESS
 
In this Report, when we use the terms the “Company,” “Lear,” “we,” “us” and “our,” unless otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires, we are referring to Lear Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries. A substantial portion of the Company’s operations are conducted through subsidiaries controlled by Lear Corporation. The Company is also a party to various joint venture arrangements. Certain disclosures included in this Report constitute forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties. See Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” and Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Forward-Looking Statements.”
 
BUSINESS OF THE COMPANY
 
General
 
We are a leading global tier I supplier of complete automotive seat systems and electrical power management systems with a global footprint that includes locations in 35 countries around the world. In 2009, we had net sales of $9.7 billion. Our business is focused on providing complete seat systems and related components, as well as electrical power management systems. In seat systems, based on independent market studies and management estimates, we believe that we hold a #2 position globally on the basis of revenue. We estimate the global seat systems market to be approximately $40 billion in 2009. We believe that we are also among the leading suppliers of various components produced for complete seat systems. In electrical power management systems, we estimate our global target market to be between $35 and $40 billion and that we are one of only four companies with both significant global capabilities and competency in all key electrical power management components.
 
Our business spans all regions and major automotive markets, thus enabling us to supply our products to every major automotive manufacturer in the world. Our sales are driven by the number of vehicles produced by the automotive manufacturers and the level of content that we produce for specific vehicle platforms. In 2009, approximately 70% of our net sales were generated outside of North America, and our average content per vehicle produced in North America and Europe was $345 and $293, respectively. In Asia, where we are pursuing a strategy of aggressively expanding our sales and operations, we had net sales of $1.3 billion in 2009. General Motors, Ford and BMW are our three largest customers globally. In addition, Daimler, Fiat (excluding Chrysler), Hyundai, PSA, Renault-Nissan and VW each represented 3% or more of our 2009 net sales. We supply and have expertise in all vehicle segments of the automotive market. Our sales content tends to be higher on those vehicle platforms and segments which offer more features and functionality. The popularity of particular vehicle platforms and segments varies over time and by regional market. We expect to continue to win new business on vehicle platforms and segments in line with market trends. We believe that there are particular opportunities in the trends toward hybrid and electric vehicles and increasing consumer demand for additional features and functionality in their vehicles.
 
The global automotive industry is characterized by significant overcapacity and fierce competition among our automotive manufacturer customers. Increasingly, established automotive manufacturers are seeking new and emerging markets and vehicle segments in which to pursue growth and leverage high development and fixed costs. At the same time, new automotive manufacturers in emerging markets, such as China and India, are rapidly developing their own capabilities through partnerships and internal investment to produce vehicles which are competitive in both quality and technology. Automotive manufacturers and suppliers must also respond to constantly changing trends in consumer preferences and tastes, as well as to volatile, commodity-driven raw material and energy costs. This highly competitive and dynamic industry environment drives a focus on cost and price throughout the entire automotive supply chain. As a result, it is imperative that we successfully implement on-going initiatives and execute restructuring strategies to lower our operating costs, streamline our organizational structure and align our manufacturing footprint with the changing needs of our customers.
 
The automotive industry in 2009 was severely affected by the turmoil in the global credit markets and the economic recession in the U.S. and global economies. These conditions had a dramatic impact on consumer vehicle demand in 2009, resulting in the lowest per capita sales rates in the United States in half a century and lower global


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automotive production for the second consecutive year following six consecutive years of steady growth. During 2009, North American light vehicle industry production declined by approximately 32% from 2008 levels to 8.5 million units and was down more than 50% from peak levels in 2000. European light vehicle industry production declined by approximately 17% from 2008 levels to 15.7 million units and was down 22% from peak levels in 2007. The impact of this difficult environment on the global automotive industry was partially offset by significant production increases in China, continued production growth in India and relatively stable production in Brazil. China produced an estimated 10.8 million light vehicles in 2009, exceeding production in both North America and Japan for the first time in history.
 
After sustained market share and operating losses in recent years, 2009 was a pivotal year for our two largest customers, General Motors and Ford. Vehicle production for General Motors and Ford declined in North America by 44% and 16%, respectively. In Europe, vehicle production followed similar trends for both customers. As a result, General Motors and Ford initiated strategic actions within their businesses, accelerated and broadened both operational and financial restructuring plans and sought direct or indirect governmental support. On June 1, 2009, General Motors and certain of its U.S. subsidiaries filed for bankruptcy protection under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code (“Chapter 11”) as part of a U.S. government supported plan of reorganization. On July 10, 2009, General Motors sold substantially all of its assets to a new entity, General Motors Company, funded by the U.S. Department of the Treasury and emerged from bankruptcy proceedings. General Motors also pursued strategic transactions and government support for its Opel and Saab units in Europe. On December 23, 2009, Ford announced the settlement of all substantial commercial terms with respect to the sale of its Volvo unit in Europe to Geely, a Chinese automotive manufacturer. In addition, on April 30, 2009, Chrysler filed for bankruptcy protection under Chapter 11 as part of a U.S. government supported plan of reorganization. On June 10, 2009, Chrysler announced its emergence from bankruptcy proceedings and the consummation of a new global strategic alliance with Fiat. In 2009, less than 2% of our net sales were to Chrysler. Although General Motors Company and Chrysler emerged from bankruptcy proceedings, the prospects of our U.S. customers remain uncertain.
 
Lower production levels in North America and Europe caused a significant decrease in our operating earnings in 2009. In response, we expanded our restructuring actions to include further capacity and employment reduction actions, as well as the elimination of non-core and non-essential spending. We also scaled back new investment based on deferred program cycles and contraction in most emerging markets. From 2005 through the end of 2008, we incurred pretax costs of $580 million in connection with our restructuring activities. In 2009, we incurred additional costs of $160 million as we continued to restructure our global operations and aggressively reduce our costs. These restructuring actions, with costs totaling $740 million, have resulted in a cumulative improvement of approximately $400 million in our on-going annual operating costs. We expect operational restructuring actions and related investments to continue for the next few years. In addition to our operational restructuring, we completed a major restructuring of our capital structure in 2009, as further described below.
 
Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Proceedings
 
In 2009, we completed a comprehensive evaluation of our strategic and financial options and concluded that voluntarily filing for bankruptcy protection under Chapter 11 was necessary in order to re-align our capital structure to address lower industry production and capital market conditions and position our business for long-term success. On July 7, 2009, Lear and certain of its U.S. and Canadian subsidiaries (the “Canadian Debtors” and collectively, the “Debtors”) filed voluntary petitions for relief under Chapter 11 in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York (the “Bankruptcy Court”) (Consolidated Case No. 09-14326). On July 9, 2009, the Canadian Debtors also filed petitions for protection under section 18.6 of the Companies’ Creditors Arrangement Act in the Ontario Superior Court, Commercial List (the “Canadian Court”). On September 12, 2009, the Debtors filed with the Bankruptcy Court their First Amended Joint Plan of Reorganization (as amended and supplemented, the “Plan” or “Plan of Reorganization”) and their Disclosure Statement (as amended and supplemented, the “Disclosure Statement”). On November 5, 2009, the Bankruptcy Court entered an order approving and confirming the Plan (the “Confirmation Order”), and on November 6, 2009, the Canadian Court entered an order recognizing the Confirmation Order and giving full force and effect to the Confirmation Order and Plan under applicable Canadian law.


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On November 9, 2009 (the “Effective Date”), the Debtors consummated the reorganization contemplated by the Plan and emerged from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings.
 
In connection with the Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings, we were required to prepare and file with the Bankruptcy Court projected financial information to demonstrate to the Bankruptcy Court the feasibility of the Plan and our ability to continue operations upon emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings. Neither these projections nor our Disclosure Statement should be considered or relied on in connection with the purchase of our capital stock. Our actual results will vary from those contemplated by the projections filed with the Bankruptcy Court. See Item 1A, “Risk Factors — Risks Related to Our Emergence from Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Proceedings.”
 
Post-Emergence Capital Structure and Recent Events
 
Following the Effective Date and after giving effect to the Excess Cash Paydown (as described below), our capital structure consists of the following:
 
  •  First Lien Facility — A first lien credit facility of $375 million (the “First Lien Facility”).
 
  •  Second Lien Facility — A second lien credit facility of $550 million (the “Second Lien Facility”).
 
  •  Series A Preferred Stock — $450 million, or 10,896,250 shares, of Series A convertible participating preferred stock (the “Series A Preferred Stock”), which does not bear any mandatory dividends. The Series A Preferred Stock is convertible into approximately 24.2% of our new common stock, par value $0.01 per share (“Common Stock”), on a fully diluted basis. As of December 31, 2009, we had 9,881,303 shares of Series A Preferred Stock outstanding.
 
  •  Common Stock and Warrants — A single class of Common Stock, including sufficient shares to provide for (i) management equity grants, (ii) the conversion of the Series A Preferred Stock into Common Stock and (iii) Warrants to purchase 15%, or 8,157,249 shares, of our Common Stock, on a fully diluted basis (the “Warrants”). On December 21, 2009, the Warrants became exercisable at an exercise price of $0.01 per share of Common Stock. The Warrants expire on November 9, 2014. As of December 31, 2009, we had 36,954,733 shares of Common Stock outstanding and 6,377,068 Warrants outstanding.
 
Pursuant to the Plan, to the extent that we had liquidity on the Effective Date in excess of $1.0 billion, subject to certain working capital and other adjustments and accruals, the amount of such excess would be utilized (i) first, to prepay the Series A Preferred Stock in an aggregate stated value of up to $50 million; (ii) second, to prepay the Second Lien Facility in an aggregate principal amount of up to $50 million; and (iii) third, to reduce the First Lien Facility (such prepayments and reductions, the “Excess Cash Paydown”).
 
On November 27, 2009, we determined our liquidity on the Effective Date, for purposes of the Excess Cash Paydown, which consisted of approximately $1.5 billion in cash and cash equivalents. After giving effect to certain working capital and other adjustments and accruals, the resulting aggregate Excess Cash Paydown was approximately $225 million. The Excess Cash Paydown was applied, in accordance with the Plan, (i) first, to prepay the Series A Preferred Stock in an aggregate stated value of $50 million; (ii) second, to prepay the Second Lien Facility in an aggregate principal amount of $50 million; and (iii) third, to reduce the First Lien Facility by an aggregate principal amount of approximately $125 million.
 
On November 27, 2009, we elected to make the delayed draw provided for under the First Lien Facility in the amount of $175 million. Following such delayed draw funding, and when combined with our initial draw under the First Lien Facility of $200 million on the Effective Date and after giving effect to the Excess Cash Paydown, the aggregate principal amount outstanding under the First Lien Facility was $375 million. The application of the Excess Cash Paydown and the delayed draw under the First Lien Facility are reflected above in the information setting forth our capital structure following the Effective Date.


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Cancellation of Certain Pre-petition Obligations
 
Under the Plan, our pre-petition equity, debt and certain of our other obligations were cancelled and extinguished, as follows:
 
  •  Our pre-petition common stock was extinguished, and no distributions were made to our former shareholders;
 
  •  Our pre-petition debt securities were cancelled, and the indentures governing such debt securities were terminated (other than for the purposes of allowing holders of the notes to receive distributions under the Plan and allowing the trustees to exercise certain rights); and
 
  •  Our pre-petition primary credit facility was cancelled (other than for the purposes of allowing creditors under that facility to receive distributions under the Plan and allowing the administrative agent to exercise certain rights).
 
For further information regarding the First Lien Facility and Second Lien Facility, see Note 10, “Long-Term Debt,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report. For further information regarding the Series A Preferred Stock, the Common Stock and the Warrants, see Note 13, “Capital Stock,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report. For further information regarding the resolution of certain of our other pre-petition liabilities in accordance with the Plan, see Note 3, “Fresh-Start Accounting — Liabilities Subject to Compromise,” and Note 15, “Commitments and Contingencies,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
Strategy
 
Although our immediate focus is on reducing our operating costs and efficiently managing our business through challenging industry conditions and the overall economic downturn, we believe that there is significant longer-term opportunity for continued growth in our seating and electrical power management businesses. We are pursuing a strategy which focuses on leveraging our global presence and expanding our low-cost footprint, with an emphasis on growth in emerging markets. This strategy includes investing in new products and technologies, as well as the selective vertical integration of key component capabilities. We believe that our commitment to superior customer service and quality, together with a cost competitive manufacturing footprint, will result in a global leadership position in each of our product segments, the further diversification of our sales and improved operating margins.
 
Our principal operating objective is to strengthen and expand our position as a leading automotive supplier to the global automotive industry by focusing on the needs of our customers. We believe that the criteria for selecting automotive suppliers includes not only cost, quality, delivery, service and innovation, but also worldwide presence and the ability to work collaboratively to reduce cost throughout the entire supply chain and vehicle life cycle on a global basis.
 
Specific elements of our strategy include:
 
  •  Leverage Global Presence and Expand Low-Cost Footprint.  We believe that it is important to have capabilities that are in alignment with our major customers’ global presence and to be well-positioned to leverage our expanding design, engineering and manufacturing footprint in low-cost regions. We are organized into two global business units, seat systems and electrical power management systems, to maximize efficiencies across our worldwide network and to leverage the benefits of our global scale. We are one of the few suppliers in each of our product segments that is able to serve customers with design, development, engineering, integration and production capabilities in all automotive-producing regions of the world and every major market, including North America, South America, Europe and Asia. Our expansion plans are focused on emerging markets. Asia, in particular, continues to present significant growth opportunities, as major global automotive manufacturers implement production expansion plans and local automotive manufacturers aggressively expand their operations to meet long-term demand in this region. We believe that we are well-positioned to take advantage of China’s emerging growth as a result of our extensive network of high-quality manufacturing facilities throughout China, which provide seating and electrical


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  power management products to a variety of global customers for local production. We also have operations in India, Thailand, the Philippines, Malaysia, Vietnam and Korea. We see opportunities for growth in serving local, regional and global markets with our operations in these countries. Our expansion in Asia has been accomplished, in part, through a series of joint ventures with our customers and/or local suppliers. We currently have 16 joint ventures throughout Asia. Our growing presence in Asia, in addition to our continued expansion of operations in other emerging markets, allows us to serve our customers globally and to increase our global competitiveness from a manufacturing, engineering and sourcing standpoint. We currently support our global operations with more than 100 manufacturing and engineering facilities located in 20 low-cost countries. We have aggressively pursued this strategy by selectively increasing our vertical integration capabilities and expanding our component manufacturing capacity in Mexico, Eastern Europe, Africa and Asia. Furthermore, we have expanded our low-cost engineering capabilities in China, India and the Philippines.
 
  •  Focus on Core Capabilities, Selective Vertical Integration and Investments in Technology.  We are focused on seat and electrical power management systems and components where we can provide value to our customers. We are able to provide integrated solutions in these core segments with global capabilities in the design, development, engineering, integration and production of complete system architectures that can be utilized across vehicle platforms at significant cost savings to our customers. The opportunity to strengthen our global leadership position in these segments exists as we develop new capabilities and innovations, as well as offer increased value to our customers through the selective vertical integration of key components. We have complete design, development, engineering, integration and production capabilities in the full complement of critical components in both our seating and electrical power management segments. See “— Products” for further information regarding our two product operating segments.
 
In our seating segment, we offer complete seat integration capabilities, managing the supply of the entire seat system from design and development to just-in-time assembly and delivery, as well as key seat component capabilities, leveraging our proprietary technologies and low-cost engineering and manufacturing footprint. In this segment, we are focused on increasing our capabilities in key components, such as seat mechanisms and structures, seat trim covers, seat foam and other products, including fabric, leather and headrests. By incorporating these key components into our fully assembled seat systems, we are able to provide the highest quality product at the lowest total cost. We are also focused on providing the latest innovations and technologies, which meet or exceed the requirements of the automotive manufacturers and their customers, at an affordable cost. We provide industry-leading safety features, such as ProTec® PLuS, our second generation of self-aligning head restraints that significantly reduce whiplash injuries. We are currently creating lightweight and environmentally friendly seating solutions by capitalizing on the application of technologies, such as our Dynamic Environmental Comfort Systemtm and our SoyFoamtm products, which feature low-mass, high-function and recyclable materials and designs. We also offer numerous flexible seating configurations that meet a wide range of customer requirements. We have leveraged our global scale and product expertise to develop common seat architectures. Such architectures allow us to leverage our global design, development and engineering capabilities and cost structure to deliver an end product with leading technology, quality and craftsmanship.
 
In our electrical power management segment, there is opportunity to increase our market share by leveraging our expertise in electrical power management architectures and our capabilities in core products, such as wire harnesses, terminals and connectors, junction boxes and body control modules. Our expertise and capabilities allow us to provide integrated electrical power management systems and key components on a global basis, at a lower cost and with superior functionality. We believe that the market for these products will continue to grow in step with the growth of electrical content in vehicles. In our electrical power management segment, we have developed new products for the rapidly growing hybrid and electric vehicle market by leveraging our core competency in electrical power management architectures. In addition to the high-power connection systems and on-board battery chargers for which we have established technical leadership, we are well-positioned to increase our offerings of key electrical power management products for the future hybrid and electric vehicle market. Our progress in this rapidly growing area is evidenced by recent program awards for hybrid and electric vehicle components for new models from


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Daimler, Renault, General Motors (including the Chevrolet Volt extended range electric vehicle), BMW, Nissan and Land Rover, as well as emerging automotive manufacturers such as Fisker and Coda Automotive. We have over 100 vehicles being validated with our high-power systems.
 
  •  Enhance and Diversify Strong Customer Relationships through Operational Excellence.  We maintain relationships with every major global automotive manufacturer and are rapidly growing relationships with local automotive manufacturers in growth markets, such as China and India. In 2009, approximately 70% of our net sales were generated outside of North America. Our strategy is to continue to enhance these relationships and diversify our net sales on a regional, customer and vehicle segment basis. We believe that the long-standing and strong relationships that we have built with our customers are a significant competitive advantage that allows us to act as integral partners in identifying business opportunities and to anticipate the needs of our customers.
 
Enhancing such relationships is dependent on maintaining operational excellence which drives outstanding quality and service for our customers. Quality continues to be a differentiating factor in the eyes of the consumer and a competitive cost factor for our customers. We are dedicated to providing superior customer service and to maintaining a reputation for providing world-class quality at competitive prices. We maintain and improve the quality of our products and services through our ongoing initiatives. For our efforts, we continue to receive recognition from our customers and other industry sources. In 2009, these include Supplier of the Year from General Motors for the sixth consecutive year, as well as recognition from every major automotive manufacturer that we serve globally. We have ranked as the Highest Quality Major Seat Manufacturer in the J.D. Power and Associates Seat Quality and Satisfaction Studysm for eight of the last nine years. We also provide superior customer service through our world-class product development processes and program management capabilities. We leverage our program management skills and experience to help create value for our customers throughout the entire vehicle life cycle and support outstanding execution during the launch of new programs.
 
Providing low-cost, innovative solutions is also critical to enhancing our customer relationships. We are focused on the efficiency of our manufacturing operations and on identifying opportunities to reduce our overall cost structure. We manage our cost structure, in part, through continuous improvement and productivity initiatives, as well as initiatives that promote and enhance the sharing of technology, engineering, purchasing and capital investments across customer platforms and geographic regions. In response to the economic recession in the U.S. and global economies and dramatically lower automotive production levels, we expanded our restructuring actions to further eliminate excess capacity, lower our operating costs and better align our manufacturing footprint with the changing needs of our customers. Our restructuring strategy includes initiatives to utilize and expand our low-cost country engineering and manufacturing footprint, leverage our global scale and capabilities and lower our product costs through the selective vertical integration of key components. Since 2005, we have closed 35 manufacturing and 10 administrative facilities and located more than 50% of our total facilities and 75% of our employment in 20 low-cost countries. We believe that we can continue to diversify our sales through our focus on customer service, as well as the application of operational excellence disciplines and the resulting customer benefits of superior quality and cost.
 
Products
 
We conduct our business in two product operating segments: seat and electrical power management systems. The seating segment includes seat systems and related components. The electrical power management segment includes traditional wiring and power management systems, as well as emerging high-power and hybrid electrical systems. Key components that allow us to route electrical signals and manage electrical power within a vehicle include wiring harnesses, terminals and connectors, junction boxes, electronic control modules and wireless remote control devices, such as key fobs. In addition, we have niche capability in certain complementary electronic components, such as radio amplifiers, audio sound systems, lighting modules and selected in-vehicle audio/visual entertainment systems. In 2006 and 2007, we divested substantially all of the assets of our interior segment. The interior segment included instrument panels and cockpit systems, headliners and overhead systems, door panels,


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flooring and acoustic systems and other interior products. Net sales by product segment as a percentage of total net sales is shown below:
 
                         
For the Year Ended December 31,
  2009     2008     2007  
 
Seating
    80 %     79 %     76 %
Electrical power management
    20       21       20  
Interior
                4  
 
For further information related to our reportable operating segments, see Note 16, “Segment Reporting,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
  •  Seating.  The seating segment consists of the design, manufacture, assembly and supply of vehicle seating requirements. We produce seat systems for automobiles and light trucks that are fully assembled and ready for installation. In all cases, seat systems are designed and engineered for specific vehicle models or platforms. We have developed modular seat architectures for both front and rear seats, whereby we utilize pre-developed, modular design concepts to build a program-specific seat, incorporating the latest performance requirements and safety technology, in a shorter period of time, thereby assisting our customers in achieving a faster time-to-market. Seat systems are designed to achieve maximum passenger comfort by adding a wide range of manual and power features, such as lumbar supports, cushion and back bolsters and leg supports. We also produce components that comprise the seat assemblies, such as seat structures and mechanisms, seat trim covers, headrests and seat foam.
 
As a result of our strong product design and technology capabilities, we are a leader in the design of seats with enhanced safety and convenience features. For example, our ProTec® PLuS Self-Aligning Head Restraint is an advancement in seat safety features. By integrating the head restraint with the lumbar support, the occupant’s head is supported earlier and for a longer period of time in a rear-impact collision, potentially reducing the risk of injury. We also supply ECO and EVO lightweight seat structures which have been designed to accommodate our customers’ needs for all market segments, from emerging to mature, and incorporate our ultra lightweight seat adjustment mechanisms. To address the increasing focus on craftsmanship, we have developed concave seat contours that eliminate wrinkles and provide improved styling. We are also satisfying our customers’ growing demand for reconfigurable and lightweight seats with our thin profile rear seat and our stadium slide seat system. For example, General Motors’ full-size sport utility vehicles and full-size pickups use our reconfigurable seat technology, and General Motors’ full-size sport utility vehicles, as well as the Ford Explorer, use our thin profile rear seat technology for their third row seats. Additionally, our LeanProfiletm seats incorporate the next generation of low-mass, high-function and environmentally friendly features, and our Dynamic Environmental Comfort Systemtm can offer weight reductions of 30% — 40%, as compared to current foam seat designs, and utilizes environmentally friendly materials, which reduce carbon dioxide emissions. Our seating products also reflect our environmental focus. For example, in addition to our Dynamic Environmental Comfort Systemtm, our SoyFoamtm seats, which are used in the Ford Mustang, are up to 24% renewable, as compared to nonrenewable, petroleum-based foam seats.
 
  •  Electrical Power Management.  The electrical power management segment consists of the manufacture, assembly and supply of traditional electrical power management systems and components, as well as a new generation of high-power and hybrid electrical systems and components. With the increase in the number of electrical and electronically controlled functions and features on the vehicle, there is an increasing focus on the improvement of the functionality of the vehicle’s electrical architecture. We are able to provide our customers with design and engineering solutions and manufactured systems, modules and components that optimally integrate the entire electrical distribution system, consisting of wiring, terminals and connectors, junction boxes and electronic modules, within the overall architecture of the vehicle. This integration can reduce the overall system cost and weight and improve the reliability and packaging by reducing the number of wires and terminals and connectors normally required to manage electrical power and signal distribution within a vehicle. For example, our integrated seat adjuster module has twenty-four fewer cut circuits and five fewer connectors, weighs one-half pound less and costs 20% less than a traditional separated electronic control unit and seat wiring system. In addition, our smart junction box expands the traditional junction box functionality by utilizing printed circuit board technologies, which allows additional function integration.


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To support growth opportunities in the hybrid and electric vehicle market, we opened our High Power Global Center of Excellence in 2008, which is dedicated to the development of high-power wiring, terminals and connectors and high-power and hybrid electrical systems and components. Additionally, we will supply one or more high-power systems or components, including high voltage wire harnesses, custom terminals and connectors, Smart Connectortm technology, battery chargers and voltage quality modules, for new models from Daimler, Renault and General Motors (including the Chevrolet Volt extended range electric vehicle), BMW, Nissan, Land Rover and Coda Automotive.
 
Our electrical power management products can be grouped into two categories:
 
  •  Electrical Distribution and Power Management Systems.  Electrical distribution and power management systems are comprised primarily of wire harness assemblies, terminals and connectors and control modules, including junction boxes and fuse boxes. Wire harness assemblies consist of a collection of wiring and terminals and connectors that connect all of the various electrical and electronic devices within the vehicle to each other and/or to a power source. Fuse boxes are centrally located boxes within the vehicle that contain fuses and/or relays for circuit and device protection, as well as for power distribution. Junction boxes serve as a connection point for multiple wire harness assemblies. They may also contain fuses and/or relays for circuit and device protection.
 
Further, smart junction boxes are junction boxes with integrated electronic functionality often contained in other body control modules. Smart junction boxes eliminate interconnections, increase overall system reliability and can reduce the number of electronic modules within the vehicle. Certain vehicles may have two or three smart junction boxes linked as a multiplexed buss line. Body control modules control various interior comfort and convenience features. These body control modules may consolidate multiple functions into a single module or may focus on a specific function or part of the car interior, such as the integrated seat adjuster module or the integrated door module. The integrated seat adjuster module combines the controls for seat adjustment, power lumbar support, memory function and seat heating and ventilation. The integrated door module combines the controls for window lift, door lock, power mirror and seat heating and ventilation.
 
Lastly, wireless products send and receive signals using radio frequency technology. Our wireless systems include passive entry systems, dual range/dual function remote keyless entry systems and tire pressure monitoring systems. Passive entry systems allow the vehicle operator to unlock the door without using a key or physically activating a remote keyless fob. Dual range/dual function remote keyless entry systems allow a single transmitter to perform multiple functions. For example, our Car2Utm remote keyless entry system can control and display the status of the vehicle, such as starting the engine, locking and unlocking the doors, opening the trunk and setting the cabin temperature. In addition, dual range/dual function remote keyless entry systems combine remote keyless operations with vehicle immobilizer capability. Our tire pressure monitoring system, known as the Lear Intellitire® Tire Pressure Monitoring System, alerts drivers when a tire has low pressure. We have received production awards for Intellitire® from Ford for many of its North American vehicles and from Hyundai for several of its models. Automotive manufacturers are required to have tire pressure monitoring systems on all new vehicles sold in the United States.
 
  •  Specialty Electronics.  Our lighting control module integrates electronic control logic and diagnostics with the headlamp switch. Entertainment products include radio amplifiers, sound systems, in-vehicle television tuner modules and floor-, seat- or center console-mounted Media Console with a flip-up screen that provides DVD and video game viewing for back-seat passengers.
 
Manufacturing
 
A description of the manufacturing processes for our two operating segments is set forth below.
 
  •  Seating.  Our seat assembly facilities generally use just-in-time manufacturing techniques, and products are delivered to the automotive manufacturers on a just-in-time basis, matching our customers’ exact build specifications for a particular day and shift, thereby reducing inventory levels. These facilities are typically located adjacent to or near our customers’ manufacturing and assembly sites. Our seat components, including mechanisms, seat trim covers and seat foam, are manufactured in batches, utilizing facilities in low-cost regions. The principal raw materials used in our seat systems, including steel, foam chemicals


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  and leather hides, are generally available and obtained from multiple suppliers under various types of supply agreements. Fabric, foam, seat frames, mechanisms and certain other components are either manufactured internally or purchased from multiple suppliers under various types of supply agreements. The majority of our steel purchases are comprised of components that are integrated into a seat system, such as seat frames, mechanisms and mechanical components. Therefore, our exposure to changes in steel prices is primarily indirect, through these purchased components. We utilize a combination of short-term and long-term supply contracts to purchase key components. We generally retain the right to terminate these agreements if our supplier does not remain competitive in terms of cost, quality, delivery, technology or customer support.
 
  •  Electrical Power Management.  Electrical power management systems are networks of wiring and associated control devices that route electrical signals and manage electrical power within a vehicle. Wire harness assemblies consist of raw, coiled wire, which is automatically cut to length and terminated. Individual circuits are assembled together on a jig or table, inserted into connectors and wrapped or taped to form wire harness assemblies. Substantially all of our materials are purchased from suppliers, with the exception of a portion of the terminals and connectors that are produced internally. The majority of our copper purchases are comprised of extruded wire that is integrated into electrical wire. Certain materials are available from a limited number of suppliers. Supply agreements typically last for up to one year, and our copper wire contracts are generally subject to price index agreements. The assembly process is labor intensive, and as a result, production is generally performed in low-cost labor sites in Mexico, Honduras, Eastern Europe, Africa, China and the Philippines.
 
Some of the principal components attached to the wire harness assemblies that we manufacture include junction boxes and electronic control modules. Junction boxes are manufactured in North America, Europe and the Philippines with a proprietary, capital-intensive assembly process, using printed circuit boards, a portion of which are purchased from third-party suppliers. Proprietary processes have been developed to improve the function of these junction boxes in harsh environments, including high temperatures and humidity. Electronic control modules are assembled using high-speed surface mount placement equipment in North America and Europe.
 
While we internally manufacture many of the components that are described above, a substantial portion of these components are furnished by independent, tier II automotive suppliers and other vendors throughout the world. In certain instances, it would be difficult and expensive for us to change suppliers of products and services that are critical to our business. With the continued decline in the automotive production of our key customers and substantial and continuing pressures to reduce costs, certain of our suppliers are experiencing, or may experience, financial difficulties. We seek to proactively manage our supplier relationships to minimize any significant disruptions of our operations. However, adverse developments affecting one or more of our major suppliers, including certain sole-source suppliers, could negatively impact our operating results. See Item 1A, “Risk Factors — The financial distress of our major customers and/or within our supply base could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.”
 
Customers
 
We serve the worldwide automotive and light truck market, which produced approximately 57 million vehicles in 2009. We have automotive content on approximately 300 vehicle nameplates worldwide, and our major automotive manufacturing customers (including customers of our non-consolidated joint ventures) currently include:
 
             
•   BMW
  •   ChangAn   •   Chery   •   Chrysler
•   Daimler
  •   Dongfeng   •   Fiat   •   First Autoworks
•   Ford
  •   GAZ   •   Geely   •   General Motors
•   Honda
  •   Hyundai   •   Isuzu   •   Jaguar
•   Land Rover
  •   Mahindra & Mahindra   •   Mazda   •   Mitsubishi
•   Nissan
  •   Porsche   •   PSA   •   Renault
•   Saab
  •   Subaru   •   Suzuki   •   Tata
•   Toyota
  •   Volkswagen   •   Volvo    


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In 2009, General Motors and Ford, two of the largest automotive and light truck manufacturers in the world, together accounted for approximately 36% of our net sales, excluding net sales to Saab and Volvo, which are affiliates of General Motors and Ford. General Motors and Ford are pursuing the divestiture of Saab and Volvo, respectively. Inclusive of these affiliates, General Motors and Ford accounted for approximately 20% and 19%, respectively, of our net sales in 2009. In addition, BMW accounted for approximately 12% of our net sales in 2009. For further information related to our customers and domestic and foreign sales and operations, see Note 16, “Segment Reporting,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
We receive purchase orders from our customers that generally provide for the supply of a customer’s annual requirements for a particular vehicle model, or in some cases, for the supply of a customer’s requirements for the production life of a particular vehicle model, rather than for the purchase of a specified quantity of products. Although most purchase orders may be terminated by our customers at any time, such terminations have been minimal and have not had a material impact on our operating results. Our primary risks are that an automotive manufacturer will produce fewer units of a vehicle model than anticipated or that an automotive manufacturer will not award us a replacement program following the life of a vehicle model. In order to reduce our reliance on any one vehicle model, we produce automotive systems and components for a broad cross-section of both new and established models. However, larger cars and light trucks, as well as vehicle platforms that offer more features and functionality, such as luxury, sport utility and crossover vehicles, typically have more content and, therefore, tend to have a more significant impact on our operating performance.
 
Our agreements with our major customers generally provide for an annual productivity cost reduction. Historically, cost reductions through product design changes, increased productivity and similar programs with our suppliers have generally offset these customer-imposed productivity cost reduction requirements. However, in recent years, unprecedented increases and volatility in raw material, energy and commodity costs had a material adverse impact on our operating results and made it more difficult to offset these productivity cost reduction requirements. While we have developed and implemented strategies to mitigate the impact of higher raw material, energy and commodity costs, these strategies typically offset only a portion of the adverse impact. Although raw material, energy and commodity costs have recently moderated, these costs remain volatile, and no assurance can be given that we will be able to achieve such customer-imposed cost reduction targets in the future. In addition, we are exposed to increasing market risk associated with fluctuations in foreign exchange as a result of our low-cost footprint and vertical integration strategies. We intend to use derivative financial instruments to manage our exposure to fluctuations in foreign exchange.
 
Technology
 
Advanced technology development is conducted worldwide at our six advanced technology centers and at our product engineering centers. At these centers, we engineer our products to comply with applicable safety standards, meet quality and durability standards, respond to environmental conditions and conform to customer and consumer requirements. Our global innovation and technology center located in Southfield, Michigan, develops and integrates new concepts and is our central location for consumer research, benchmarking, craftsmanship and industrial design activity. Our High Power Global Center of Excellence, also located in Southfield, Michigan, supports growth opportunities in the hybrid and electric vehicle market through the development of high-power and hybrid electrical systems and components.
 
One area of significant emerging technology that we are active in is electrical power management systems and components for the hybrid and electric vehicle market. We offer a product portfolio of stand-alone and fully integrated solutions for our customers’ future hybrid and electric vehicles. Our systems and components have achieved industry leading efficiency, packaging and reliability. We have over 100 patents and patents pending in our high-power product segment, and our product portfolio includes the following:
 
  •  High-power charging systems comprised of on/off board chargers, a family of charge cord sets, fast charge stations and charge receptacles and couplers.
 
  •  High-power distribution systems including high voltage wire harnesses found throughout the vehicle and battery pack, high-power terminals and connectors (designed to carry high amounts of electric current, to be


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  packaged tightly and to provide proper sealing, high-use reliability and ease of use for the consumer) and battery disconnect units, as well as manual service disconnects.
 
  •  Energy management systems including DC-DC converters, battery monitoring systems, dual storage management units and our patent-pending integrated power module, which integrates the functionality of charging and energy management for an efficient solution for the upcoming generation of plug-in hybrid and electric vehicles.
 
We have developed independent brand and marketing strategies for our product segments and focused our efforts in three principal areas: (i) where we have a competitive advantage, such as our flexible seat architectures, our industry-leading ProTec® products, including our self-aligning head restraints, and our leading electronic technology, including our solid state junction boxes, (ii) where we perceive that there is a significant market opportunity, such as electrical products for the hybrid and electric vehicle market, and (iii) where we can contribute the most to the next generation of more fuel efficient and environmentally friendly vehicles, such as our alternative lightweight, low-mass products, including SoyFoamtm and Dynamic Environmental Comfort Systemtm.
 
We have developed a number of innovative products and features focused on increasing value to our customers, such as interior control and entertainment systems, which include sound systems and family entertainment systems, and wireless systems, which include remote keyless entry. In addition, we incorporate many convenience, comfort and safety features into our designs, including advanced whiplash concepts, integrated restraint seat systems (3-point and 4-point integrated belt systems), side impact airbags and integrated child restraint seats. We also invest in our computer-aided engineering design and computer-aided manufacturing systems. Recent enhancements to these systems include advanced acoustic modeling and analysis capabilities and the enhancement of our research and design website. Our research and design website is a tool used for global customer telecommunications, technology communications, collaboration and the direct exchange of digital assets.
 
We continue to develop new products and technologies, including solid state smart junction boxes and new radio-frequency products like our Car2Utm Home Automation System, as well as high-end electronics for the premier luxury automotive manufacturers around the world, such as gateway signal-routing modules, exterior and interior lighting controls and other highly integrated electronic body modules. Solid state smart junction boxes represent a significant improvement over existing smart junction box technology because they replace the relatively large fuses and relays with solid state drivers. Importantly, the technology enables the integration of additional feature content into the smart junction box. This technology and integration result in a sizable cost reduction for the electrical system. We have also created certain brand identities, which identify our products for our customers, including the ProTec® brand of products optimized for interior safety, the Aventinotm collection of premium automotive leather and the EnviroTectm brand of environmentally friendly products, such as Soy Foamtm.
 
We also have state-of-the-art testing, instrumentation and data analysis capabilities. We own an industry-leading seat validation test center featuring crashworthiness, durability and full acoustic and sound quality testing capabilities. Together with computer-controlled data acquisition and analysis capabilities, this center provides precisely controlled laboratory conditions for sophisticated testing of parts, materials and systems. We also maintain electromagnetic compatibility labs at several of our electrical facilities, where we develop and test electronic products for compliance with government requirements and customer specifications.
 
Worldwide, we hold many patents and patent applications pending. While we believe that our patent portfolio is a valuable asset, no individual patent or group of patents is critical to the success of our business. We also license selected technologies to automotive manufacturers and to other automotive suppliers. We continually strive to identify and implement new technologies for use in the design and development of our products.
 
We have numerous registered trademarks in the United States and in many foreign countries. The most important of these marks include “LEAR CORPORATION” (including a stylized version thereof) and “LEAR.” These marks are widely used in connection with our product lines and services. The trademarks and service marks “ADVANCE RELENTLESSLY,” “CAR2U,” “INTELLITIRE,” “PROTEC,” “PROTEC PLUS” and others are used in connection with certain of our product lines and services.
 
We have dedicated, and will continue to dedicate, resources to engineering and development. Engineering and development costs incurred in connection with the development of new products and manufacturing methods more


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than one year prior to launch, to the extent not recoverable from our customers, are charged to selling, general and administrative expenses as incurred. These costs amounted to approximately $83 million, $113 million and $135 million for the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.
 
Joint Ventures and Noncontrolling Interests
 
We form joint ventures in order to gain entry into new markets, facilitate the exchange of technical information, expand our product offerings and broaden our customer base. In particular, we believe that certain joint ventures have provided us, and will continue to provide us, with the opportunity to expand our business relationships with Asian automotive manufacturers.
 
We currently have 27 operating joint ventures located in 19 countries. Of these joint ventures, ten are consolidated and 17 are accounted for using the equity method of accounting; and 16 operate in Asia, seven operate in North America (including three that are dedicated to serving Asian automotive manufacturers) and four operate in Europe or Africa. Net sales of our consolidated joint ventures accounted for approximately 11% of our net sales in 2009. As of December 31, 2009, our investments in non-consolidated joint ventures totaled $139 million, and net sales of our non-consolidated joint ventures totaled $3.2 billion. For further information related to our joint ventures, see Note 8, “Investments in Affiliates and Other Related Party Transactions,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
In 2006, we completed the contribution of substantially all of our European interior business to International Automotive Components Group, LLC (“IAC Europe”), a joint venture with affiliates of WL Ross & Co. LLC (“WL Ross”) and Franklin Mutual Advisers, LLC (“Franklin”), in exchange for an approximately one-third equity interest in IAC Europe. In 2009, as a result of an equity transaction between IAC Europe and one of our joint venture partners, our equity interest in IAC Europe decreased to 30.45%, and we recognized an impairment charge of $27 million related to our investment.
 
In March 2007, we completed the transfer of substantially all of the assets of our North American interior business (as well as our interests in two China joint ventures) to International Automotive Components Group North America, Inc. In addition, one of our wholly owned subsidiaries obtained an equity interest in International Automotive Components Group North America, LLC (“IAC North America”), a separate joint venture with affiliates of WL Ross and Franklin. In October 2007, IAC North America completed the acquisition of the soft trim division of Collins & Aikman Corporation. After giving effect to these transactions, we own 18.75% of the total outstanding shares of common stock of IAC North America. In 2008, as a result of rapidly deteriorating industry conditions, we recognized an impairment charge of $34 million related to our investment.
 
For a further discussion of these impairment charges, see Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Other Matters — Impairment of Investments in Affiliates.” We have no further funding obligations with respect to IAC Europe and IAC North America. Therefore, in the event that either of these joint ventures requires additional capital to fund its operations, our equity ownership percentage will likely be diluted.
 
Competition
 
Within each of our operating segments, we compete with a variety of independent suppliers and automotive manufacturer in-house operations, primarily on the basis of cost, quality, technology, delivery and service. A summary of our primary competitors is set forth below.
 
  •  Seating.  We are one of two primary independent suppliers in the global complete seat systems market. Our primary independent competitor globally is Johnson Controls. Faurecia, Toyota Boshoku, TS Tech Co., Ltd. and Magna International Inc. are also significant competitors with varying market presence depending on the region, country or automotive manufacturer. PSA, Toyota and Honda hold equity ownership positions in Faurecia, Toyota Boshoku and TS Tech Co., Ltd., respectively. Other automotive manufacturers, such as Volkswagen and Hyundai, maintain a presence in the seat systems market through wholly owned companies or in-house operations. In seat components, we compete with the aforementioned seat systems suppliers, as well as specialists in particular components with presence primarily in specific regions.


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  •  Electrical Power Management.  We are one of the leading independent suppliers of automotive electrical power management systems in North America and Europe. Our major competitors in these markets include Delphi, Yazaki, Sumitomo and Leoni. Our competition in specific electrical distribution and power management component areas includes suppliers of terminals and connectors, such as Tyco Electronics, Molex and FCI, as well as suppliers of automotive electronics, such as Alps, Bosch, Continental, Delphi, Denso, Hella, Kostal, Omron, TRW, Tokai Rika, Valeo and others.
 
As the automotive supplier industry becomes increasingly global, certain of our European and Asian competitors have begun to establish a stronger presence in North America, which is likely to increase competition in this region.
 
Seasonality
 
Our principal operations are directly related to the automotive industry. Consequently, we may experience seasonal fluctuations to the extent automotive vehicle production slows, such as in the summer months when plants close for model year changeovers and vacations or during periods of high vehicle inventory. See Note 18, “Quarterly Financial Data,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
Employees
 
As of December 31, 2009, we employed approximately 75,000 people worldwide, including approximately 5,000 people in the United States and Canada, approximately 26,000 in Mexico and Central America, approximately 27,000 in Europe and approximately 17,000 in other regions of the world. A substantial number of our employees are members of unions. We have collective bargaining agreements with several unions, including the United Auto Workers, the Canadian Auto Workers, UNITE and the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers. All of our unionized facilities in the United States and Canada have a separate agreement with the union that represents the workers at such facilities, with each such agreement having an expiration date that is independent of other collective bargaining agreements. The majority of our European and Mexican employees are members of industrial trade union organizations and confederations within their respective countries. Many of these organizations and confederations operate under national contracts, which are not specific to any one employer. We have occasionally experienced labor disputes at our plants. We have been able to resolve all such labor disputes and believe our relations with our employees are generally good. See Item 1A, “Risk Factors — A significant labor dispute involving us or one or more of our customers or suppliers or that could otherwise affect our operations could reduce our sales and harm our profitability,” and Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Forward-Looking Statements.”
 
Environmental Matters
 
We are subject to local, state, federal and foreign laws, regulations and ordinances which govern activities or operations that may have adverse environmental effects and which impose liability for clean-up costs resulting from past spills, disposals or other releases of hazardous wastes and environmental compliance. For a description of our outstanding environmental matters and other legal proceedings, see Note 15, “Commitments and Contingencies,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
In addition, our customers are subject to significant environmentally focused state, federal and foreign laws and regulations that regulate vehicle emissions, fuel economy and other matters related to the environmental impact of vehicles. To the extent that such laws and regulations ultimately increase or decrease automotive vehicle production, such laws and regulations would likely impact our business. See Item 1A, “Risk Factors — Risk Related to Our Business.”
 
Furthermore, we currently offer products with environmentally friendly features, and our expertise and capabilities are allowing us to expand our product offerings in this area. See “— Strategy” and “— Products.” We will continue to monitor emerging developments in this area.


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Available Information on our Website
 
Our website address is http://www.lear.com. We make available on our website, free of charge, the periodic reports that we file with or furnish to the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), as well as all amendments to these reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports are filed with or furnished to the SEC. We also make available on our website, or in printed form upon request, free of charge, our Corporate Governance Guidelines, Code of Business Conduct and Ethics (which includes specific provisions for our executive officers), charters for the standing committees of our Board of Directors and other information related to the Company.
 
The public may read and copy any materials that we file with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington D.C. 20549. The public may obtain information about the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC maintains an internet site (http://www.sec.gov) that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information related to issuers that file electronically with the SEC.
 
ITEM 1A —  RISK FACTORS
 
Our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flows may be impacted by a number of factors. In addition to the factors affecting specific business operations identified in connection with the description and the financial results of these operations elsewhere in this Report, the most significant factors affecting our operations include the following:
 
Risks Related to Our Business
 
•   Continued decline in the production levels of our major customers could adversely affect our financial condition, reduce our sales and harm our profitability.
 
Demand for our products is directly related to the automotive vehicle production of our major customers. Automotive sales and production can be affected by general economic or industry conditions, labor relations issues, fuel prices, regulatory requirements, government initiatives, trade agreements, availability and cost of credit and other factors. The global automotive industry is characterized by significant overcapacity and fierce competition among our automotive manufacturer customers. We expect these challenging industry conditions to continue in the foreseeable future. The automotive industry in 2009 was severely affected by the turmoil in the global credit markets and the economic recession in the U.S. and global economies. These conditions had a dramatic impact on consumer vehicle demand in 2009, resulting in the lowest per capita sales rates in the United States in half a century and lower global automotive production for the second consecutive year following six consecutive years of steady growth. During 2009, North American light vehicle industry production declined by approximately 32% from 2008 levels to 8.5 million units and was down more than 50% from peak levels in 2000. European light vehicle industry production declined by approximately 17% from 2008 levels to 15.7 million units and was down 22% from peak levels in 2007.
 
While we are pursuing a strategy of aggressively expanding our sales and operations in Asia to offset these declines, no assurance can be given as to how successful we will be in doing so. As a result, lower production levels by our major customers, particularly with respect to models for which we are a significant supplier, could adversely affect our financial condition, reduce our sales and harm our profitability, thereby making it more difficult for us to make payments under our indebtedness or resulting in a decline in the value of our capital stock.
 
•   The financial distress of our major customers and/or within our supply base could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
 
After sustained market share and operating losses in recent years, 2009 was a pivotal year for our two largest customers, General Motors and Ford. Vehicle production for General Motors and Ford declined in North America by 44% and 16%, respectively. In Europe, vehicle production followed similar trends for both customers. As a result, General Motors and Ford initiated strategic actions within their businesses, accelerated and broadened both operational and financial restructuring plans and sought direct or indirect governmental support. On June 1, 2009, General Motors and certain of its U.S. subsidiaries filed for bankruptcy protection under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code (“Chapter 11”) as part of a U.S. government supported plan of reorganization. On July 10,


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2009, General Motors sold substantially all of its assets to a new entity, General Motors Company, funded by the U.S. Department of the Treasury and emerged from bankruptcy proceedings. General Motors also pursued strategic transactions and government support for its Opel and Saab units in Europe. On December 23, 2009, Ford announced the settlement of all substantial commercial terms with respect to the sale of its Volvo unit in Europe to Geely, a Chinese automotive manufacturer. In addition, on April 30, 2009, Chrysler filed for bankruptcy protection under Chapter 11 as part of a U.S. government supported plan of reorganization. On June 10, 2009, Chrysler announced its emergence from bankruptcy proceedings and the consummation of a new global strategic alliance with Fiat. In 2009, less than 2% of our net sales were to Chrysler. Although General Motors Company and Chrysler emerged from bankruptcy proceedings, the prospects of our U.S. customers remain uncertain.
 
Our supply base has also been adversely affected by the current industry environment. Lower global automotive production, turmoil in the credit markets and extreme volatility over the past several years in raw material, energy and commodity costs have resulted in financial distress within our supply base and an increase in the risk of supply disruption. In addition, several automotive suppliers have filed for bankruptcy protection or have ceased operations. In response, we have provided financial support to distressed suppliers and have taken other measures to ensure uninterrupted production. While we have developed and implemented strategies to mitigate these factors, these strategies have offset only a portion of the adverse impact. The continuation or worsening of these industry conditions could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows, thereby making it more difficult for us to make payments under our indebtedness or resulting in a decline in the value of our capital stock.
 
•   The discontinuation of, the loss of business with respect to or a lack of commercial success of a particular vehicle model for which we are a significant supplier could reduce our sales and harm our profitability.
 
Although we have purchase orders from many of our customers, these purchase orders generally provide for the supply of a customer’s annual requirements for a particular vehicle model and assembly plant, or in some cases, for the supply of a customer’s requirements for the life of a particular vehicle model, rather than for the purchase of a specific quantity of products. In addition, it is possible that customers could elect to manufacture components internally that are currently produced by external suppliers, such as us. The discontinuation of, the loss of business with respect to or a lack of commercial success of a particular vehicle model for which we are a significant supplier could reduce our sales and harm our profitability, thereby making it more difficult for us to make payments under our indebtedness or resulting in a decline in the value of our capital stock.
 
•   Our inability to achieve product cost reductions which offset customer-imposed price reductions could harm our profitability.
 
Our customers require us to reduce our prices and, at the same time, assume significant responsibility for the design, development and engineering of our products. Our profitability is largely dependent on our ability to achieve product cost reductions through restructuring actions, manufacturing efficiencies, product design enhancement and supply chain management. We also seek to enhance our profitability by investing in technology, design capabilities and new product initiatives that respond to the needs of our customers and consumers. We continually evaluate operational and strategic alternatives to align our business with the changing needs of our customers, improve our business structure and lower our operating costs. Our inability to achieve product cost reductions which offset customer-imposed price reductions could harm our profitability, thereby making it more difficult for us to make payments under our indebtedness or resulting in a decline in the value of our capital stock.
 
•   Our substantial international operations make us vulnerable to risks associated with doing business in foreign countries.
 
As a result of our global presence, a significant portion of our revenues and expenses are denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. In addition, we have manufacturing and distribution facilities in many foreign countries, including countries in Europe, Central and South America, Africa and Asia. International operations are subject to certain risks inherent in doing business abroad, including:
 
  •  exposure to local economic conditions;
 
  •  expropriation and nationalization;


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  •  currency exchange rate fluctuations and currency controls;
 
  •  withholding and other taxes on remittances and other payments by subsidiaries;
 
  •  investment restrictions or requirements;
 
  •  export and import restrictions; and
 
  •  increases in working capital requirements related to long supply chains.
 
Expanding our sales and operations in Asia is an important element of our strategy. In addition, our strategy includes increasing our European market share and expanding our manufacturing operations in lower-cost regions. As a result, our exposure to the risks described above is substantial. The likelihood of such occurrences and their potential effect on us vary from country to country and are unpredictable. However, any such occurrences could be harmful to our business and our profitability, thereby making it more difficult for us to make payments under our indebtedness or resulting in a decline in the value of our capital stock.
 
•   High raw material costs could continue to have an adverse impact on our profitability.
 
Raw material, energy and commodity costs have been extremely volatile over the past several years. While we have developed and implemented strategies to mitigate the impact of higher raw material, energy and commodity costs, these strategies, together with commercial negotiations with our customers and suppliers, typically offset only a portion of the adverse impact. Although raw material, energy and commodity costs have recently moderated, these costs remain volatile and could have an adverse impact on our profitability in the foreseeable future. In addition, no assurance can be given that cost increases will not have a larger adverse impact on our financial condition and profitability than currently anticipated.
 
•   A significant labor dispute involving us or one or more of our customers or suppliers or that could otherwise affect our operations could reduce our sales and harm our profitability.
 
A substantial number of our employees and the employees of our largest customers and suppliers are members of industrial trade unions and are employed under the terms of collective bargaining agreements. All of our unionized facilities in the United States and Canada have a separate agreement with the union that represents the workers at such facilities, with each such agreement having an expiration date that is independent of other collective bargaining agreements. We have collective bargaining agreements covering approximately 52,000 employees globally. Within the United States and Canada, contracts covering approximately 23% of our unionized workforce are scheduled to expire during 2010. A labor dispute involving us or one or more of our customers or suppliers or that could otherwise affect our operations could reduce our sales and harm our profitability, thereby making it more difficult for us to make payments under our indebtedness or resulting in a decline in the value of our capital stock. A labor dispute involving another supplier to our customers that results in a slowdown or a closure of our customers’ assembly plants where our products are included in the assembled vehicles could also adversely affect our business and harm our profitability. In addition, the inability by us or any of our customers, our suppliers or our customers’ other suppliers to negotiate an extension of a collective bargaining agreement upon its expiration could reduce our sales and harm our profitability. Significant increases in labor costs as a result of the renegotiation of collective bargaining agreements could also adversely affect our business and harm our profitability.
 
•   Adverse developments affecting one or more of our major suppliers could harm our profitability.
 
We obtain components and other products and services from numerous tier II automotive suppliers and other vendors throughout the world. In certain instances, it would be difficult and expensive for us to change suppliers of products and services that are critical to our business. In addition, our customers designate many of our suppliers, and as a result, we do not always have the ability to change suppliers. With the continued decline in the automotive production of our key customers and substantial and continuing pressures to reduce costs, certain of our suppliers are experiencing, or may experience, financial difficulties. Any significant disruption in our supplier relationships, including relationships with certain sole-source suppliers, could harm our profitability, thereby making it more difficult for us to make payments under our indebtedness or resulting in a decline in the value of our capital stock.


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•   Our existing indebtedness and volatility in the global capital and financial markets could restrict our business activities and have an adverse affect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
As of December 31, 2009, we had $972 million of outstanding indebtedness, including $550 million in aggregate principal amount under the second lien credit facility which matures on November 9, 2012, and $375 million in aggregate principal amount under the first lien credit facility which matures on November 9, 2014. However, if the second lien credit agreement is not refinanced prior to three months before its maturity, the maturity of the first lien credit facility will be adjusted automatically to three months before the maturity of the second lien credit facility. Our inability to refinance or otherwise repay such indebtedness could result in a decline in the value of our capital stock.
 
In addition, we may periodically require access to the capital and financial markets as a source of liquidity for our capital and operating requirements that cannot be satisfied with cash on hand or operating cash flows. Our inability to generate sufficient cash flow to satisfy our existing debt obligations, to refinance our existing debt obligations or to access capital and financial markets on commercially reasonable terms could have an adverse affect of our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Our existing indebtedness and volatility in the global capital and financial markets could:
 
  •  make it more difficult for us to satisfy our obligations under our indebtedness;
 
  •  limit our ability to borrow money to fund working capital, capital expenditure, debt service, product development or other corporate requirements;
 
  •  require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow to payments on our indebtedness, which would reduce the amount of cash flow available to fund working capital, capital expenditure, product development and other corporate requirements;
 
  •  increase our vulnerability to general adverse industry and economic conditions;
 
  •  limit our ability to respond to business opportunities; and
 
  •  subject us to financial and other restrictive covenants, the failure of which to satisfy could result in a default under our indebtedness.
 
•   Significant changes in discount rates, the actual return on pension assets and other factors could adversely affect our liquidity, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Our earnings may be positively or negatively impacted by the amount of income or expense recorded related to our qualified pension plans. Accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) require that income or expense related to the pension plans be calculated at the annual measurement date using actuarial calculations, which reflect certain assumptions. The most significant of these assumptions relate to interest rates, the capital markets and other economic conditions. Changes in key economic indicators can change these assumptions. These assumptions, as well as the actual value of pension assets at the measurement date, will impact the calculation of pension expense for the year. Although GAAP expense and pension contributions are not directly related, the key economic indicators that affect GAAP expense also affect the amount of cash that we will contribute to our pension plans. Because the values of these pension assets have fluctuated and will continue to fluctuate in response to changing market conditions, the amount of gains or losses that will be recognized in subsequent periods, the impact on the funded status of the pension plans and the future minimum required contributions, if any, could adversely affect our liquidity, financial condition and results of operations, but such impact cannot be determined at this time.
 
•   Impairment charges relating to our goodwill and long-lived assets could adversely affect our results of operations.
 
We regularly monitor our goodwill and long-lived assets for impairment indicators. In conducting our goodwill impairment testing, we compare the fair value of each of our reporting units to the related net book value. In


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conducting our impairment analysis of long-lived assets, we compare the undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated from the long-lived assets to the related net book values. Changes in economic or operating conditions impacting our estimates and assumptions could result in the impairment of our goodwill or long-lived assets. In the event that we determine that our goodwill or long-lived assets are impaired, we may be required to record a significant charge to earnings that could adversely affect our results of operations.
 
•   Our failure to execute our strategic objectives could adversely affect our business.
 
Our financial performance and profitability depend in part on our ability to successfully execute our strategic objectives. Our corporate strategy involves, among other things, leveraging our global presence and expanding our low-cost footprint, focusing on our core capabilities, selective vertical integration and investments in technology and enhancing and diversifying our strong customer relationships through operational excellence. Various factors, including the unfavorable industry environment and the other matters described in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” including “— Forward-Looking Statements,” could adversely affect our ability to execute our corporate strategy. There also can be no assurance that, even if implemented, our strategic objectives will be successful.
 
•   A significant product liability lawsuit, warranty claim or product recall involving us or one of our major customers could harm our profitability.
 
In the event that our products fail to perform as expected and such failure results in, or is alleged to result in, bodily injury and/or property damage or other losses, we may be subject to product liability lawsuits and other claims. In addition, we are a party to warranty-sharing and other agreements with certain of our customers related to our products. These customers may pursue claims against us for contribution of all or a portion of the amounts sought in connection with product liability and warranty claims, recalls or other corrective actions involving our products. We carry insurance for certain product liability claims, but such coverage may be limited. We do not maintain insurance for product warranty or recall matters. These types of claims could harm our profitability, thereby making it more difficult for us to make payments under our indebtedness or resulting in a decline in the value of our capital stock.
 
•   We are involved from time to time in various legal proceedings and claims, which could adversely affect our financial condition and harm our profitability.
 
We are involved in various legal proceedings and claims that, from time to time, are significant. These are typically claims that arise in the normal course of business including, without limitation, commercial or contractual disputes, including disputes with our customers, suppliers or competitors, intellectual property matters, personal injury claims, environmental matters, tax matters and employment matters. No assurance can be given that such proceedings and claims will not adversely affect our financial condition and harm our profitability.
 
Risks Related to Our Emergence from Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Proceedings
 
•   Our actual financial results may vary significantly from the projections filed with the Bankruptcy Court, and investors should not rely on such projections.
 
The projected financial information that we previously filed with the Bankruptcy Court in connection with the bankruptcy proceedings has not been incorporated by reference into this Report. Neither these projections nor our Disclosure Statement should be considered or relied on in connection with the purchase of our capital stock. We were required to prepare projected financial information to demonstrate to the Bankruptcy Court the feasibility of the First Amended Joint Plan of Reorganization (“the “Plan” or “Plan of Reorganization”) and our ability to continue operations upon emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings. This projected financial information was filed with the Bankruptcy Court as part of our Disclosure Statement approved by the Bankruptcy Court. The projections reflect numerous assumptions concerning anticipated future performance and prevailing and anticipated market and economic conditions that were and continue to be beyond our control and that may not materialize. Projections are inherently subject to uncertainties and to a wide variety of significant business, economic and competitive risks. Our actual results will vary from those contemplated by the projections for a


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variety of reasons, including our adoption of fresh-start accounting in accordance with the provisions of FASB Accounting Standards Codificationtm (“ASC”) 852, “Reorganizations,” upon our emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings. Further, the projections were limited by the information available to us as of the date of the preparation of the projections. Therefore, variations from the projections may be material, and investors should not rely on such projections.
 
•   Because of the adoption of fresh-start accounting and the effects of the transactions contemplated by the Plan, financial information subsequent to November 7, 2009, will not be comparable to financial information prior to November 7, 2009.
 
Upon our emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings, we adopted fresh-start accounting in accordance with the provisions of ASC 852, pursuant to which our reorganization value was allocated to our assets in conformity with the procedures specified by ASC 805, “Business Combinations.” The excess of reorganization value over the fair value of tangible and identifiable intangible assets was recorded as goodwill, which is subject to periodic evaluation for impairment. Liabilities, other than deferred taxes, were recorded at the present value of amounts expected to be paid. In addition, under fresh-start accounting, common stock, retained deficit and accumulated other comprehensive loss were eliminated. Our consolidated financial statements also reflect all of the transactions contemplated by the Plan. Accordingly, our consolidated statements of financial position and consolidated statements of operations subsequent to November 7, 2009, will not be comparable in many respects to our consolidated statements of financial position and consolidated statements of operations prior to November 7, 2009. The lack of comparable historical financial information may discourage investors from purchasing our capital stock.
 
•   Our emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings may limit our ability to offset future U.S. taxable income with tax losses and credits incurred prior to emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings.
 
In connection with our emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings, we were able to retain a significant portion of our U.S. net operating loss, capital loss and tax credit carryforwards (collectively, the “Tax Attributes”). However, Internal Revenue Code (“IRC”) Sections 382 and 383 provide an annual limitation with respect to the ability of a corporation to utilize its Tax Attributes, as well as certain built-in-losses, against future U.S. taxable income in the event of a change in ownership. Our emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings is considered a change in ownership for purposes of IRC Section 382. The limitation under the IRC is based on the value of the corporation as of the emergence date. As a result, our future U.S. taxable income may not be fully offset by the Tax Attributes if such income exceeds our annual limitation, and we may incur a tax liability with respect to such income. In addition, subsequent changes in ownership for purposes of the IRC could further diminish our Tax Attributes.
 
ITEM 1B —  UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
 
None.
 
ITEM 2 —  PROPERTIES
 
As of December 31, 2009, our operations were conducted through 197 facilities, some of which are used for multiple purposes, including 160 manufacturing facilities and assembly sites, 29 administrative/technical support facilities, six advanced technology centers and two distribution centers, in 35 countries. We also have warehouse facilities in the regions in which we operate. Our corporate headquarters is located in Southfield, Michigan. Our facilities range in size up to 871,200 square feet.
 
Of our 197 total facilities, which include facilities owned or leased by our consolidated subsidiaries, 83 are owned and 114 are leased with expiration dates ranging from 2010 through 2053. We believe that substantially all of our property and equipment is in good condition and that we have sufficient capacity to meet our current and expected manufacturing and distribution needs. See Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Liquidity and Financial Condition.”


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The following table presents the locations of our operating facilities and the operating segments(1) that use such facilities:
 
                     
Argentina   Germany   Japan   Singapore   United States   (1) Legend
Cordoba, BA (S)
Escobar, BA (S)
Pacheco, BA (E)

Australia
Flemington (A/T)

Austria
Koeflach (S)

Belgium
Genk (S)

Brazil
Betim (S)
Caçapava (S)
Camaçari (S)
Gravatai (S)
São Paulo (A/T)

Canada
Ajax, ON (S)
Kitchener, ON (S)
St. Thomas, ON (S)
Whitby, ON (S)

China
Beijing (A/T)
Changchun (S)
Chongqing (S, E)
Liuzhou (S)
Nanjing (S)
Rui’an (S)
Shanghai (S, E, A/T)
Shenyang (S)
Wuhan (S, E)
Wuhu (S)

Czech Republic
Kolin (S)
Stribro (S)
Vyskov (E)

France
Cergy (S)
Feignies (S)
Guipry (S)
Vélizy-Villacoublay  (A/T)
 
Allershausen-
  Leonhardsbuch (A/T)
Bersenbrueck (E)
Besigheim (S, A/T)
Boeblingen (A/T)
Bremen (S)
Eisenach (S)
Garching-Hochbrueck
  (A/T)
Ginsheim-Gustavsburg
  (S, A/T)
Kranzberg (A/T)
Kronach (E)
Munich (A/T)
Quakenbrueck (S)
Remscheid (E, A/T)
Rietberg (S)
Saarlouis (E)
Wackersdorf (S)
Wismar (E)
Wolfsburg (A/T)

Honduras
Naco (E)

Hungary
Gödöllö (E)
Gyöngyös (E)
Györ (S)
Mór (S)

India
Chakan (S)
Chennai (S)
Halol (S)
Nasik (S)
Pune (S, A/T)
Thane (A/T)

Italy
Caivano, NA (S)
Cassino, FR (S)
Grugliasco, TO (S, A/T)
Melfi, PZ (S)
Pozzo d’Adda, MI (S)
Termini Imerese, PA (S)
 
Atsugi (A/T)
Hiroshima (A/T)
Kariya (A/T)

Mexico
Apodaca, NL (E)
Chihuahua, CH (E)
Cuautlancingo, PU (S)
Hermosillo, SO (S)
Juarez, CH (S, E, A/T)
Mexico City, DF (S)
Monclova, CO (S)
Nuevo Casas
  Grandes, CH (S)
Piedras Negras, CO (S)
Ramos Arizpe, CO (S)
Saltillo, CO (S)
San Felipe, GU (S)
San Luis Potosi, SL (S)
Silao, GO (S)
Villa Ahumada, CH (S)

Morocco
Tangier (S, E)

Netherlands
Weesp (A/T)

Philippines
LapuLapu City (E, A/T)

Poland
Jaroslaw (S)
Mielec (E)
Tychy (S)

Portugal
Palmela (S)

Romania
Campulung (E)
Pitesti (E)

Russia
Kaluga (S)
Nizhny Novgorod (S)
St. Petersburg (S)
Volokolams (E)
 
Wisma Atria (A/T)

Slovakia
Presov (S)
Senec (S)

South Africa
East London (S)
Port Elizabeth (S)
Rosslyn (S)

South Korea
Gyeongju (S)
Seoul (A/T)

Spain
Almussafes (E)
Epila (S)
Logrono (S)
Roquetes (E)
Valdemoro (S)
Valls (E, A/T)

Sweden
Gothenburg (A/T)
Trollhattan (S, A/T)

Thailand
Bangkok (A/T)
Mueang Nakhon
  Ratchasima (S)
Rayong (S)

Tunisia
Bir El Bey (E)

Turkey
Bostanci-Istanbul (E)
Gemlik (S)

United Kingdom
Coventry (S, A/T)
Sunderland (S)
 
Arlington, TX (S)
Brownstown, MI (S)
Columbia City, IN (S)
Detroit, MI (S)
Duncan, SC (S)
El Paso, TX (A/T)
Farwell, MI (S)
Fenton, MI (S)
Hammond, IN (S)
Hebron, OH (S)
Lordstown, OH (S)
Louisville, KY (S)
Mason, MI (S)
Montgomery, AL (S)
Morristown, TN (S)
Plymouth, IN (E)
Rochester Hills, MI (S)
Roscommon, MI (S)
Selma, AL (S)
Southfield, MI (A/T)
Taylor, MI (E)
Traverse City, MI (E)
Wentzville, MO (S)

Vietnam
Hai Phong City (S)
  S — Seating
E — Electrical power
  management
A/T — Administrative/
  technical
 
ITEM 3 —  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
Legal and Environmental Matters
 
We are involved from time to time in various legal proceedings and claims, including, without limitation, commercial or contractual disputes, product liability claims and environmental and other matters. For a description of risks related to various legal proceedings and claims, see Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” included in this Report. For a description of our outstanding material legal proceedings, see Note 15, “Commitments and Contingencies,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
ITEM 4 —  SUBMISSION OF MATTERS TO A VOTE OF SECURITY HOLDERS
 
No matters were submitted to a vote of security holders during the fourth quarter of 2009.


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PART II
 
ITEM 5 —  MARKET FOR THE COMPANY’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
 
Market Information
 
Lear’s existing common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “LEA.”
 
Prior to July 2, 2009, Lear’s old common stock traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “LEA” until trading was suspended by the New York Stock Exchange and the shares were subsequently delisted from the New York Stock Exchange. In connection with Lear’s emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings, Lear’s existing common stock began trading on the New York Stock Exchange on November 9, 2009. On November 9, 2009, all of Lear’s old common stock was extinguished in accordance with the Plan.
 
Because the value of Lear’s old common stock bears no relation to the value of Lear’s existing common stock, only the trading prices of Lear’s existing common stock, following its listing on the New York Stock Exchange, are set forth below.
 
The following table sets forth the high and low sales prices per share of Lear’s existing common stock, based on the daily closing price as reported on the New York Stock Exchange, from November 9, 2009 through December 31, 2009:
 
                         
    Price Range of
   
    Common Stock   Cash Dividend
    High   Low   Per Share
 
4th Quarter (November 9, 2009 through December 31, 2009)
  $ 68.58     $ 56.25     $  —  
 
Holders of Common Stock
 
The Transfer Agent and Registrar for Lear’s common stock is Mellon Investor Services LLC, located in New York, New York. On February 23, 2010, there were 82 registered holders of record of Lear’s common stock.
 
For certain information regarding our equity compensation plans, see Part III — Item 12, “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters — Equity Compensation Plan Information.”
 
Dividends
 
We have not paid cash dividends in the last two years. The payment of cash dividends in the future will be dependent upon our financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements, alternative uses of capital and other factors. The first and second lien credit facilities prohibit the payment of cash dividends. In addition, the payment of dividends on our common stock is subject to the rights of the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock to participate in any such dividends, as described in Note 13, “Capital Stock,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.


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Performance Graph
 
The following graph compares the cumulative total stockholder return from November 9, 2009, the date of our emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings, through December 31, 2009, for Lear’s existing common stock, the S&P 500 Index and a peer group(1) of companies that we have selected for purposes of this comparison. Because the value of Lear’s old common stock bears no relation to the value of Lear’s existing common stock, the graph below reflects only Lear’s existing common stock. We have assumed that dividends have been reinvested, and the returns of each company in the S&P 500 Index and the peer group have been weighted to reflect relative stock market capitalization. The graph below assumes that $100 was invested on November 9, 2009, in each of Lear’s existing common stock, the stocks comprising the S&P 500 Index and the stocks comprising the peer group.
 
(PERFORMANCE GRAPH)
 
                     
      November 9, 2009     December 31, 2009
LEAR CORPORATION
    $ 100.00       $ 133.94  
S&P 500
    $ 100.00       $ 104.63  
PEER GROUP(1)
    $ 100.00       $ 104.48  
                     
 
(1) We do not believe that there is a single published industry or line of business index that is appropriate for comparing stockholder returns. The current Peer Group, as referenced in the graph above, that we have selected is comprised of representative independent automotive suppliers whose common stock is publicly traded. The current Peer Group consists of ArvinMeritor, Inc., BorgWarner Automotive, Inc., Cooper Tire & Rubber Company, Eaton Corp., Gentex Corp., Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company, Johnson Controls, Inc., Magna International, Inc., Superior Industries International and TRW Automotive Holdings Corp. Our previous peer group included Visteon Corporation, which is currently in bankruptcy and, accordingly, has been removed from the current Peer Group. To replace Visteon Corporation, Cooper Tire & Rubber Company, Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company and TRW Automotive Holdings Corp., all of which are automotive suppliers, have been added to the current Peer Group.


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ITEM 6 —  SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
 
The following statement of operations, statement of cash flow and balance sheet data were derived from our consolidated financial statements. Our consolidated financial statements for the two month period ended December 31, 2009, the ten month period ended November 7, 2009 and the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, 2006 and 2005, have been audited by Ernst & Young LLP. The selected financial data below should be read in conjunction with Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and our consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in this Report.
 
                                                   
    Successor       Predecessor  
    Two Month
      Ten Month
                         
    Period Ended
      Period Ended
    Year Ended  
    December 31,
      November 7,
    December 31,
    December 31,
    December 31,
    December 31,
 
    2009(1)       2009(2)     2008(3)     2007(4)     2006(5)     2005(6)  
Statement of Operations Data: (in millions)
                                                 
Net sales
  $ 1,580.9       $ 8,158.7     $ 13,570.5     $ 15,995.0     $ 17,838.9     $ 17,089.2  
Gross profit
    72.8         287.4       747.6       1,151.8       930.8       739.5  
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    71.2         376.7       511.5       572.8       644.6       629.2  
Amortization of intangible assets
    4.5         4.1       5.3       5.2       5.2       4.9  
Goodwill impairment charges
            319.0       530.0             2.9       1,012.8  
Divestiture of Interior business
                        10.7       636.0        
Interest expense
    11.1         151.4       190.3       199.2       209.8       183.2  
Other (income) expense, net(7)
    19.8         (16.6 )     51.9       40.7       85.7       38.0  
Reorganization items and fresh-start accounting adjustments, net
            (1,474.8 )                        
                                                   
Consolidated income (loss) before provision (benefit) for income taxes, equity in net (income) loss of affiliates and cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle
    (33.8 )       927.6       (541.4 )     323.2       (653.4 )     (1,128.6 )
Provision (benefit) for income taxes
    (24.2 )       29.2       85.8       89.9       54.9       194.3  
Equity in net (income) loss of affiliates
    (1.9 )       64.0       37.2       (33.8 )     (16.2 )     51.4  
                                                   
Consolidated income (loss) before cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle
    (7.7 )       834.4       (664.4 )     267.1       (692.1 )     (1,374.3 )
Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle(8)
                              (2.9 )      
                                                   
Consolidated net income (loss)
    (7.7 )       834.4       (664.4 )     267.1       (689.2 )     (1,374.3 )
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests
    (3.9 )       16.2       25.5       25.6       18.3       7.2  
Net income (loss) attributable to Lear
  $ (3.8 )     $ 818.2     $ (689.9 )   $ 241.5     $ (707.5 )   $ (1,381.5 )
                                                   
 


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    Successor       Predecessor  
    Two Month
      Ten Month
                         
    Period Ended
      Period Ended
    Year Ended  
    December 31,
      November 7,
    December 31,
    December 31,
    December 31,
    December 31,
 
    2009(1)       2009(2)     2008(3)     2007(4)     2006(5)     2005(6)  
Statement of Operations Data:
                                                 
Basic net income (loss) per share attributable to Lear
  $ (0.11 )     $ 10.56     $ (8.93 )   $ 3.14     $ (10.31 )   $ (20.57 )
Diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to Lear
  $ (0.11 )     $ 10.55     $ (8.93 )   $ 3.09     $ (10.31 )   $ (20.57 )
Weighted average shares outstanding — basic
    34,525,187         77,499,860       77,242,360       76,826,765       68,607,262       67,166,668  
Weighted average shares outstanding — diluted
    34,525,187         77,559,792       77,242,360       78,214,248       68,607,262       67,166,668  
Dividends per share
  $       $     $     $     $ 0.25     $ 1.00  
Statement of Cash Flow Data: (in millions)
                                                 
Cash flows from operating activities
    324.0         (499.2 )     163.6       487.5       299.1       571.5  
Cash flows from investing activities
    (39.5 )       (52.7 )     (144.4 )     (340.0 )     (312.2 )     (541.6 )
Cash flows from financing activities
    30.2         165.0       987.3       (70.4 )     263.6       (357.7 )
Capital expenditures
    41.3         77.5       167.7       202.2       347.6       568.4  
Other Data (unaudited):
                                                 
Ratio of earnings to fixed charges(9)
            6.3 x           2.4 x           —   
 
                                           
    Successor       Predecessor  
    December 31,
      December 31,
    December 31,
    December 31,
    December 31,
 
As of or Year Ended
  2009       2008     2007     2006     2005  
Balance Sheet Data:
(in millions)
                                         
Current assets
  $ 3,787.0       $ 3,674.2     $ 3,718.0     $ 3,890.3     $ 3,846.4  
Total assets
    6,073.3         6,872.9       7,800.4       7,850.5       8,288.4  
Current liabilities
    2,400.8         4,609.8       3,603.9       3,887.3       4,106.7  
Long-term debt
    927.1         1,303.0       2,344.6       2,434.5       2,243.1  
Equity
    2,181.8         247.7       1,117.5       640.0       1,171.2  
Other Data (unaudited):
                                         
Employees at year end
    74,870         80,112       91,455       104,276       115,113  
North American content per vehicle(10)
  $ 345       $ 391     $ 483     $ 645     $ 586  
North American vehicle production (in millions)(11)
    8.5         12.6       15.0       15.2       15.8  
European content per vehicle(12)
  $ 293       $ 350     $ 342     $ 338     $ 350  
European vehicle production (in millions)(13)
    15.7         18.8       20.2       19.0       18.7  
 
 
(1) Results include $44.5 million of restructuring and related manufacturing inefficiency charges, a $1.9 million loss related to a transaction with an affiliate, $15.1 million of charges as a result of the bankruptcy proceedings and the application of fresh-start accounting and a $27.6 million tax benefit primarily related to the settlement of a tax matter in a foreign jurisdiction.

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(2) Results include $319.0 million of goodwill impairment charges, a gain of $1,474.8 million related to reorganization items and fresh-start accounting adjustments, $23.9 million of fees and expenses related to our capital restructuring, $115.5 million of restructuring and related manufacturing inefficiency charges (including $5.6 million of fixed asset impairment charges), $42.0 million of impairment charges related to our investments in two equity affiliates, a $9.9 million loss related to a transaction with an affiliate and a $23.1 million tax benefit related to reorganization items and fresh-start accounting adjustments.
 
(3) Results include $530.0 million of goodwill impairment charges, $193.9 million of restructuring and related manufacturing inefficiency charges (including $17.5 million of fixed asset impairment charges), $7.5 million of gains related to the extinguishment of debt, a $34.2 million impairment charge related to an investment in an affiliate, $22.2 million of gains related to the sales of our interests in two affiliates and $8.5 million of net tax benefits related to a reduction in recorded tax reserves, the reversal of a valuation allowance in a European subsidiary and the establishment of a valuation allowance in another European subsidiary.
 
(4) Results include $20.7 million of charges related to the divestiture of our interior business, $181.8 million of restructuring and related manufacturing inefficiency charges (including $16.8 million of fixed asset impairment charges), $36.4 million of a curtailment gain related to the freeze of the U.S. salaried pension plan, $34.9 million of merger transaction costs, $3.9 million of losses related to the acquisition of the noncontrolling interest in an affiliate and $24.8 million of net tax benefits related to changes in valuation allowances in several foreign jurisdictions, tax rates and various other tax items.
 
(5) Results include $636.0 million of charges related to the divestiture of our interior business, $2.9 million of goodwill impairment charges, $10.0 million of fixed asset impairment charges, $99.7 million of restructuring and related manufacturing inefficiency charges (including $5.8 million of fixed asset impairment charges), $47.9 million of charges related to the extinguishment of debt, $26.9 million of gains related to the sales of our interests in two affiliates and $19.5 million of net tax benefits related to the expiration of the statute of limitations in a foreign taxing jurisdiction, a tax audit resolution, a favorable tax ruling and several other tax items.
 
(6) Results include $1,012.8 million of goodwill impairment charges, $82.3 million of fixed asset impairment charges, $104.4 million of restructuring and related manufacturing inefficiency charges (including $15.1 million of fixed asset impairment charges), $39.2 million of litigation-related charges, $46.7 million of charges related to the divestiture and/or capital restructuring of joint ventures, $300.3 million of tax charges, consisting of a U.S. deferred tax asset valuation allowance of $255.0 million and an increase in related tax reserves of $45.3 million, and $17.8 million of tax benefits related to a tax law change in Poland.
 
(7) Includes non-income related taxes, foreign exchange gains and losses, discounts and expenses associated with our asset-backed securitization and factoring facilities, gains and losses related to certain derivative instruments and hedging activities, gains and losses on the extinguishment of debt, gains and losses on the sales of fixed assets and other miscellaneous income and expense.
 
(8) The cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle in 2006 resulted from the adoption of FASB Accounting Standards Codificationtm 718, “Compensation — Stock Compensation.”
 
(9) “Fixed charges” consist of interest on debt, amortization of deferred financing fees and that portion of rental expenses representative of interest. “Earnings” consist of consolidated income (loss) before provision (benefit) for income taxes and equity in the undistributed net (income) loss of affiliates, fixed charges and cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle. Earnings in the two month period ended December 31, 2009 and in the years ended December 31, 2008, 2006 and 2005 were insufficient to cover fixed charges by $33.2 million, $537.3 million, $651.8 million and $1,123.3 million, respectively. Accordingly, such ratio is not presented for these years.
 
(10) “North American content per vehicle” is our net sales in North America divided by estimated total North American vehicle production. Content per vehicle data excludes business conducted through non-consolidated joint ventures. Content per vehicle data for 2008 has been updated to reflect actual production levels.
 
(11) “North American vehicle production” includes car and light truck production in the United States, Canada and Mexico as provided by Ward’s Automotive. Production data for 2008 has been updated to reflect actual production levels.


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(12) “European content per vehicle” is our net sales in Europe divided by estimated total European vehicle production. Content per vehicle data excludes business conducted through non-consolidated joint ventures. Content per vehicle data for 2008 has been updated to reflect actual production levels.
 
(13) “European vehicle production” includes car and light truck production in Austria, Belgium, Bosnia, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, Ukraine and the United Kingdom as provided by CSM Worldwide. Production data for 2008 has been updated to reflect actual production levels.
 
ITEM 7 —   MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
Executive Overview
 
We were incorporated in Delaware in 1987 and are one of the world’s largest automotive suppliers based on net sales. We supply our products to every major automotive manufacturer in the world.
 
We supply automotive manufacturers with complete automotive seat systems and electrical power management systems. Our strategy is to leverage our global presence and expand our low-cost footprint, focus on our core capabilities, selective vertical integration and investments in technology and enhance and diversify our strong customer relationships through operational excellence. Historically, we also supplied automotive interior components and systems, including instrument panels and cockpit systems, headliners and overhead systems, door panels and flooring and acoustic systems. As discussed below, in 2006 and 2007, we divested substantially all of the assets of this segment to joint ventures in which we hold a noncontrolling interest.
 
Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Proceedings
 
In 2009, we completed a comprehensive evaluation of our strategic and financial options and concluded that voluntarily filing for bankruptcy protection under Chapter 11 was necessary in order to re-align our capital structure to address lower industry production and capital market conditions and position our business for long-term success. On July 7, 2009, Lear and certain of our U.S. and Canadian subsidiaries (the “Canadian Debtors” and collectively, the “Debtors”) filed voluntary petitions for relief under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code (“Chapter 11”) in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York (the “Bankruptcy Court”) (Consolidated Case No. 09-14326). On July 9, 2009, the Canadian Debtors also filed petitions for protection under section 18.6 of the Companies’ Creditors Arrangement Act in the Ontario Superior Court, Commercial List (the “Canadian Court”). On September 12, 2009, the Debtors filed with the Bankruptcy Court their First Amended Joint Plan of Reorganization (as amended and supplemented, the “Plan”) and their Disclosure Statement (as amended and supplemented, the “Disclosure Statement”). On November 5, 2009, the Bankruptcy Court entered an order approving and confirming the Plan (the “Confirmation Order”), and on November 6, 2009, the Canadian Court entered an order recognizing the Confirmation Order and giving full force and effect to the Confirmation Order and Plan under applicable Canadian law.
 
On November 9, 2009 (the “Effective Date”), the Debtors consummated the reorganization contemplated by the Plan and emerged from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings.
 
Post-Emergence Capital Structure and Recent Events
 
Following the Effective Date and after giving effect to the Excess Cash Paydown (as described below), our capital structure consists of the following:
 
  •  First Lien Facility — A first lien credit facility of $375 million (the “First Lien Facility”).
 
  •  Second Lien Facility — A second lien credit facility of $550 million (the “Second Lien Facility”).
 
  •  Series A Preferred Stock — $450 million, or 10,896,250 shares, of Series A convertible participating preferred stock (the “Series A Preferred Stock”), which does not bear any mandatory dividends. The Series A Preferred Stock is convertible into approximately 24.2% of our new common stock, par value $0.01


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  per share (“Common Stock”), on a fully diluted basis. As of December 31, 2009, we had 9,881,303 shares of Series A Preferred Stock outstanding.
 
  •  Common Stock and Warrants — A single class of Common Stock, including sufficient shares to provide for (i) management equity grants, (ii) the conversion of the Series A Preferred Stock into Common Stock and (iii) warrants to purchase 15%, or 8,157,249 shares, of our Common Stock, on a fully diluted basis (the “Warrants”). On December 21, 2009, the Warrants became exercisable at an exercise price of $0.01 per share of Common Stock. The Warrants expire on November 9, 2014. As of December 31, 2009, we had 36,954,733 shares of Common Stock outstanding and 6,377,068 Warrants outstanding.
 
Pursuant to the Plan, to the extent that we had liquidity on the Effective Date in excess of $1.0 billion, subject to certain working capital and other adjustments and accruals, the amount of such excess would be utilized (i) first, to prepay the Series A Preferred Stock in an aggregate stated value of up to $50 million; (ii) second, to prepay the Second Lien Facility in an aggregate principal amount of up to $50 million; and (iii) third, to reduce the First Lien Facility (such prepayments and reductions, the “Excess Cash Paydown”).
 
On November 27, 2009, we determined our liquidity on the Effective Date, for purposes of the Excess Cash Paydown, which consisted of approximately $1.5 billion in cash and cash equivalents. After giving effect to certain working capital and other adjustments and accruals, the resulting aggregate Excess Cash Paydown was approximately $225 million. The Excess Cash Paydown was applied, in accordance with the Plan, (i) first, to prepay the Series A Preferred Stock in an aggregate stated value of $50 million; (ii) second, to prepay the Second Lien Facility in an aggregate principal amount of $50 million; and (iii) third, to reduce the First Lien Facility by an aggregate principal amount of approximately $125 million.
 
On November 27, 2009, we elected to make the delayed draw provided for under the First Lien Facility in the amount of $175 million. Following such delayed draw funding, and when combined with our initial draw under the First Lien Facility of $200 million on the Effective Date and after giving effect to the Excess Cash Paydown, the aggregate principal amount outstanding under the First Lien Facility was $375 million. The application of the Excess Cash Paydown and the delayed draw under the First Lien Facility are reflected above in the information setting forth our capital structure following the Effective Date.
 
Cancellation of Certain Pre-Petition Obligations
 
Under the Plan, our pre-petition equity, debt and certain of our other obligations were cancelled and extinguished, as follows:
 
  •  Our pre-petition common stock was extinguished, and no distributions were made to our former shareholders;
 
  •  Our pre-petition debt securities were cancelled, and the indentures governing such debt securities were terminated (other than for the purposes of allowing holders of the notes to receive distributions under the Plan and allowing the trustees to exercise certain rights); and
 
  •  Our pre-petition primary credit facility was cancelled (other than for the purposes of allowing creditors under that facility to receive distributions under the Plan and allowing the administrative agent to exercise certain rights).
 
For further information regarding the First Lien Facility and Second Lien Facility, see Note 10, “Long-Term Debt,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report. For further information regarding the Series A Preferred Stock, the Common Stock and the Warrants, see Note 13, “Capital Stock,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report. For further information regarding the resolution of certain of our other pre-petition liabilities in accordance with the Plan, see Note 3, “Fresh-Start Accounting — Liabilities Subject to Compromise,” and Note 15, “Commitments and Contingencies,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.


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Tax Implications Arising from Bankruptcy Emergence
 
Under the Plan, our pre-petition debt securities, primary credit facility and other obligations were extinguished. Absent an exception, a debtor recognizes cancellation of indebtedness income (“CODI”) upon discharge of its outstanding indebtedness for an amount of consideration that is less than its adjusted issue price. The Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (“IRC”), provides that a debtor in a bankruptcy case may exclude CODI from income but must reduce certain of its tax attributes by the amount of any CODI realized as a result of the consummation of a plan of reorganization. The amount of CODI realized by a taxpayer is the adjusted issue price of any indebtedness discharged less the sum of (i) the amount of cash paid, (ii) the issue price of any new indebtedness issued and (iii) the fair market value of any other consideration, including equity, issued. As a result of the market value of our equity upon emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings, we were able to retain a significant portion of our U.S. net operating loss, capital loss and tax credit carryforwards (collectively, the “Tax Attributes”) after reduction of the Tax Attributes for CODI realized on emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings.
 
IRC Sections 382 and 383 provide an annual limitation with respect to the ability of a corporation to utilize its Tax Attributes, as well as certain built-in-losses, against future U.S. taxable income in the event of a change in ownership. Our emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings is considered a change in ownership for purposes of IRC Section 382. The limitation under the IRC is based on the value of the corporation as of the emergence date. As a result, our future U.S. taxable income may not be fully offset by the Tax Attributes if such income exceeds our annual limitation, and we may incur a tax liability with respect to such income. In addition, subsequent changes in ownership for purposes of the IRC could further diminish our Tax Attributes.
 
Reorganization and Fresh-Start Accounting
 
In 2009, we recognized a gain of approximately $2.0 billion for reorganization items as a result of the bankruptcy proceedings. This gain reflects the cancellation of our pre-petition equity, debt and certain of our other obligations, partially offset by the recognition of certain of our new equity and debt obligations, as well as professional fees incurred as a direct result of the bankruptcy proceedings.
 
Upon our emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings, we adopted fresh-start accounting in accordance with the provisions of FASB Accounting Standards Codificationtm (“ASC”) 852, “Reorganizations.” Fresh-start accounting results in a new entity for financial reporting purposes. Accordingly, results for the two month period ended December 31, 2009 (the “2009 Successor Period”), and for the ten month period ended November 7, 2009 (the “2009 Predecessor Period”), are presented separately. In addition, fresh-start accounting requires all assets and liabilities to be recorded at fair value. In 2009, we recognized a charge of approximately $526 million related to the valuation of our net assets upon emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings.
 
In addition, we recognized charges of approximately $15 million in the 2009 Successor Period as a result of the bankruptcy proceedings and the adoption of fresh-start accounting. The majority of these charges related to the inventory fair value adjustment of approximately $9 million, which was recognized in cost of sales in the 2009 Successor Period as the inventory was sold.
 
For additional information regarding the bankruptcy proceedings, reorganization items and fresh-start accounting adjustments, see Note 2, “Reorganization under Chapter 11,” and Note 3, “Fresh-Start Accounting,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
Industry Overview
 
Demand for our products is directly related to the automotive vehicle production of our major customers. Automotive sales and production can be affected by general economic or industry conditions, labor relations issues, fuel prices, regulatory requirements, government initiatives, trade agreements, availability and cost of credit and other factors. Our operating results are also significantly impacted by the overall commercial success of the vehicle platforms for which we supply particular products, as well as our relative profitability on these platforms. In addition, it is possible that customers could elect to manufacture components internally that are currently produced by external suppliers, such as us. The loss of business with respect to any vehicle model for which we are a significant supplier, or a decrease in the production levels of any such models, could have a material adverse impact


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on our operating results. In addition, larger cars and light trucks, as well as vehicle platforms that offer more features and functionality, such as luxury, sport utility and crossover vehicles, typically have more content and, therefore, tend to have a more significant impact on our operating results.
 
After sustained market share and operating losses in recent years, 2009 was a pivotal year for our two largest customers, General Motors and Ford. Vehicle production for General Motors and Ford declined in North America by 44% and 16%, respectively. In Europe, vehicle production followed similar trends for both customers. As a result, General Motors and Ford initiated strategic actions within their businesses, accelerated and broadened both operational and financial restructuring plans and sought direct or indirect governmental support. On June 1, 2009, General Motors and certain of its U.S. subsidiaries filed for bankruptcy protection under Chapter 11 as part of a U.S. government supported plan of reorganization. On July 10, 2009, General Motors sold substantially all of its assets to a new entity, General Motors Company, funded by the U.S. Department of the Treasury and emerged from bankruptcy proceedings. General Motors also pursued strategic transactions and government support for its Opel and Saab units in Europe. On December 23, 2009, Ford announced the settlement of all substantial commercial terms with respect to the sale of its Volvo unit in Europe to Geely, a Chinese automotive manufacturer. In addition, on April 30, 2009, Chrysler filed for bankruptcy protection under Chapter 11 as part of a U.S. government supported plan of reorganization. On June 10, 2009, Chrysler announced its emergence from bankruptcy proceedings and the consummation of a new global strategic alliance with Fiat. In 2009, less than 2% of our net sales were to Chrysler. Although General Motors Company and Chrysler emerged from bankruptcy proceedings, the prospects of our U.S. customers remain uncertain.
 
The global automotive industry is characterized by significant overcapacity and fierce competition among our automotive manufacturer customers. We expect these challenging industry conditions to continue in the foreseeable future. The automotive industry in 2009 was severely affected by the turmoil in the global credit markets and the economic recession in the U.S. and global economies. These conditions had a dramatic impact on consumer vehicle demand in 2009, resulting in the lowest per capita sales rates in the United States in half a century and lower global automotive production for the second consecutive year following six consecutive years of steady growth. During 2009, North American light vehicle industry production declined by approximately 32% from 2008 levels to 8.5 million units and was down more than 50% from peak levels in 2000. European light vehicle industry production declined by approximately 17% from 2008 levels to 15.7 million units and was down 22% from peak levels in 2007. The impact of this difficult environment on the global automotive industry was partially offset by significant production increases in China, continued production growth in India and relatively stable production in Brazil.
 
Historically, the majority of our sales and operating profit has been derived from automotive manufacturers in North America and Western Europe. Many of these customers have experienced declines in market share in their traditional markets. In addition, a disproportionate amount of our net sales and profitability in North America has been on light truck and large SUV platforms of the domestic automakers, which have experienced significant competitive pressures and reduced demand. As discussed below, our ability to maintain and improve our financial performance in the future will depend, in part, on our ability to significantly increase our penetration of the Asian markets and leverage our existing North American and European customer base geographically and across both product lines.
 
Our customers require us to reduce our prices and, at the same time, assume significant responsibility for the design, development and engineering of our products. Our profitability is largely dependent on our ability to achieve product cost reductions through restructuring actions, manufacturing efficiencies, product design enhancement and supply chain management. We also seek to enhance our profitability by investing in technology, design capabilities and new product initiatives that respond to the needs of our customers and consumers. We continually evaluate operational and strategic alternatives to align our business with the changing needs of our customers, improve our business structure and lower our operating costs.
 
Our material cost as a percentage of net sales was 69.0% in 2009 as compared to 69.3% in 2008 and 68.0% in 2007. Raw material, energy and commodity costs have been extremely volatile over the past several years. Unfavorable industry conditions have also resulted in financial distress within our supply base and an increase in the risk of supply disruption. We have developed and implemented strategies to mitigate the impact of higher raw material, energy and commodity costs, which include cost reduction actions, such as the selective in-sourcing of


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components, the continued consolidation of our supply base, longer-term purchase commitments and the selective expansion of low-cost country sourcing and engineering, as well as value engineering and product benchmarking. However, these strategies, together with commercial negotiations with our customers and suppliers, typically offset only a portion of the adverse impact. Although raw material, energy and commodity costs have recently moderated, these costs remain volatile and could have an adverse impact on our operating results in the foreseeable future. See Part I — Item 1A, “Risk Factors — High raw material costs could continue to have an adverse impact on our profitability,” and “— Forward-Looking Statements.”
 
Outlook
 
As discussed herein, recent market events, including an unfavorable global economic environment, extremely challenging automotive industry conditions and the global credit crisis, are adversely impacting global automotive demand and have impacted and will continue to significantly impact our operating results in the foreseeable future. In response, we have continued to restructure our global operations and to aggressively reduce our costs. These actions have been designed to lower our operating costs, streamline our organizational structure and better align our manufacturing footprint. Our future financial results will also be affected by cash utilized in operations, including restructuring activities, and will continue to be subject to certain factors outside of our control, including the global economic environment, automotive industry conditions, global credit markets, the financial condition and restructuring actions of our customers and suppliers and other related factors. No assurance can be given regarding the length or severity of the unfavorable global economic environment and its ultimate impact on our financial results or the other factors described in this paragraph. See Part I — Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” and “— Forward-Looking Statements” for further discussion of the risks and uncertainties affecting our operations and cash flows, borrowing availability and overall liquidity.
 
In evaluating our financial condition and operating performance, we focus primarily on earnings growth and cash flows, as well as return on investment. In addition to maintaining and expanding our business with our existing customers in our more established markets, our expansion plans are focused on emerging markets. Asia, in particular, continues to present significant growth opportunities, as major global automotive manufacturers implement production expansion plans and local automotive manufacturers aggressively expand their operations to meet long-term demand in this region. We currently have twelve joint ventures in China and several other joint ventures dedicated to serving Asian automotive manufacturers. In addition, we have aggressively pursued this strategy by selectively increasing our vertical integration capabilities and expanding our component manufacturing capacity in Mexico, Eastern Europe, Africa and Asia. Furthermore, we have expanded our low-cost engineering capabilities in China, India and the Philippines.
 
Our success in generating cash flow will depend, in part, on our ability to manage working capital efficiently. Working capital can be significantly impacted by the timing of cash flows from sales and purchases. Historically, we have generally been successful in aligning our vendor payment terms with our customer payment terms. However, our ability to continue to do so may be adversely impacted by the unfavorable financial results of our suppliers and adverse automotive industry conditions, as well as our financial results. In addition, our cash flow is impacted by our ability to manage our inventory and capital spending efficiently. We utilize return on investment as a measure of the efficiency with which assets are deployed to increase earnings. Improvements in our return on investment will depend on our ability to maintain an appropriate asset base for our business and to increase productivity and operating efficiency.
 
Restructuring
 
In 2005, we initiated a three-year restructuring strategy to (i) eliminate excess capacity and lower our operating costs, (ii) streamline our organizational structure and reposition our business for improved long-term profitability and (iii) better align our manufacturing footprint with the changing needs of our customers. In light of industry conditions and customer announcements, we expanded this strategy in 2008. Through the end of 2008, we incurred pretax restructuring costs of approximately $528 million and related manufacturing inefficiency charges of approximately $52 million.
 
In 2009, we incurred additional restructuring costs of approximately $144 million and related manufacturing inefficiency charges of approximately $16 million as we continued to restructure our global operations and aggressively reduce our costs. We expect accelerated restructuring actions and related investments to continue for the next few years.


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Goodwill
 
In 2009 and 2008, we evaluated the carrying value of our goodwill and recorded impairment charges of $319 million and $530 million, respectively, related to our electrical power management segment. In 2009, our goodwill impairment analysis was based on our distributable value, which was approved by the Bankruptcy Court, and resulted in impairment charges of $319 million. In 2008, the impairment charges were primarily the result of significant declines in estimated production volumes.
 
Financing Transactions
 
In April 2008, we repaid, on the maturity date, €56 million (approximately $87 million based on the exchange rate in effect as of the transaction date) aggregate principal amount of senior notes. In August 2008, we repurchased our remaining senior notes due 2009, with an aggregate principal amount of $41 million, for a purchase price of $43 million, including the call premium and related fees. In December 2008, we repurchased a portion of our senior notes due 2013 and 2016, with an aggregate principal amount of $2 million and $11 million, respectively, in the open market for an aggregate purchase price of $3 million, including related fees. In connection with these transactions, we recognized a net gain on the extinguishment of debt of approximately $8 million in 2008.
 
Interior Segment
 
In 2006, we completed the contribution of substantially all of our European interior business to International Automotive Components Group, LLC (“IAC Europe”), a joint venture with affiliates of WL Ross & Co. LLC (“WL Ross”) and Franklin Mutual Advisers, LLC (“Franklin”), in exchange for an approximately one-third equity interest in IAC Europe. In connection with this transaction, we recorded a loss on divestiture of interior business of approximately $6 million in 2007. In 2009, as a result of an equity transaction between IAC Europe and one of our joint venture partners, our equity interest in IAC Europe decreased to 30.45%, and we recognized an impairment charge of $27 million related to our investment.
 
In March 2007, we completed the transfer of substantially all of the assets of our North American interior business (as well as our interests in two China joint ventures) to International Automotive Components Group North America, Inc. In addition, one of our wholly owned subsidiaries obtained an equity interest in International Automotive Components Group North America, LLC (“IAC North America”), a separate joint venture with affiliates of WL Ross and Franklin. In connection with this transaction, we recorded a loss on divestiture of interior business of approximately $612 million, of which approximately $5 million was recognized in 2007 and $607 million was recognized in 2006. We also recognized additional costs related to this transaction of approximately $10 million, which are recorded in cost of sales and selling, general and administrative expenses in the consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2007, included in this Report. In October 2007, IAC North America completed the acquisition of the soft trim division of Collins & Aikman Corporation. After giving effect to these transactions, we own 18.75% of the total outstanding shares of common stock of IAC North America. In 2008, as a result of rapidly deteriorating industry conditions, we recognized an impairment charge of $34 million related to our investment.
 
For further discussion of these impairment charges, see “— Other Matters — Significant Accounting Policies and Critical Accounting Estimates.” We have no further funding obligations with respect to IAC Europe or IAC North America. Therefore, in the event that either of these joint ventures requires additional capital to fund its operations, our equity ownership percentage will likely be diluted.
 
For further information related to the divestiture of our interior business, see Note 6, “Divestiture of Interior Business,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
Other Matters
 
In 2009, we incurred fees and expenses of $24 million related to our capital restructuring efforts prior to our bankruptcy filing. In addition, we recognized an impairment charge of $15 million related to our investment in an equity affiliate and a loss of $12 million related to a transaction with an affiliate. In 2009, we also recognized a tax


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benefit of $23 million related to reorganization items and fresh-start accounting adjustments, as well as a tax benefit of $28 million primarily related to the settlement of a tax matter in a foreign jurisdiction.
 
In 2008, we recognized gains of $22 million related to the sales of our interests in two affiliates. In addition, we recognized a tax benefit of $9 million related to a reduction in recorded tax reserves, a tax benefit of $19 million related to the reversal of a valuation allowance in a European subsidiary and tax expense of $19 million related to the establishment of a valuation allowance in another European subsidiary.
 
In 2007, we recognized $35 million in costs related to an Agreement and Plan of Merger, as amended (the “AREP merger agreement”), with AREP Car Holdings Corp. and AREP Car Acquisition Corp., which was terminated in the third quarter of 2007. For further information regarding the AREP merger agreement, see Note 5, “Merger Agreement,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report. In addition, we recognized a curtailment gain of $36 million related to our decision to freeze our U.S. salaried pension plan, as well as a loss of $4 million related to the acquisition of the noncontrolling interest in an affiliate. In 2007, we also recognized a net tax benefit of $17 million as a result of changes in valuation allowances in several foreign jurisdictions, a tax benefit of $17 million related to a tax rate change in Germany and one-time tax expenses of $9 million related to various tax items.
 
As discussed above, our results for the 2009 Successor Period, the 2009 Predecessor Period and the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, reflect the following items (in millions):
 
                                   
    Successor       Predecessor  
    Two Month
      Ten Month
             
    Period Ended
      Period Ended
    Year Ended  
    December 31,
      November 7,
    December 31,
    December 31,
 
    2009       2009     2008     2007  
Goodwill impairment charges
  $       $ 319     $ 530     $  
Costs related to divestiture of interior business
                        21  
Reorganization items and fresh-start accounting adjustments, net
            (1,475 )            
Fees and expenses related to capital restructuring and other related matters
    15         24              
Costs of restructuring actions, including manufacturing inefficiencies of $1 million in the two month period ended December 31, 2009, $15 million in the ten month period ended November 7, 2009, $17 million in 2008 and $13 million in 2007
    44         116       194       182  
Costs related to merger transaction
                        35  
U.S. salaried pension plan curtailment gain
                        (36 )
Gains on the extinguishment of debt
                  (8 )      
Impairment of investment in affiliates
            42       34        
(Gains) losses related to affiliate transactions
    2         10       (22 )     4  
Tax benefits
    (28 )       (23 )     (9 )     (25 )
 
For further information related to these items, see “— Restructuring” and Note 2, “Reorganization under Chapter 11,” Note 3, “Fresh-Start Accounting,” Note 4, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies — Impairment of Goodwill,” and “— Impairment of Long-Lived Assets,” Note 5, “Merger Agreement,” Note 6, “Divestiture of Interior Business,” Note 7, “Restructuring,” Note 8, “Investments in Affiliates and Other Related Party Transactions,” Note 10, “Long-Term Debt,” and Note 11, “Income Taxes,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
This section includes forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties. For further information regarding other factors that have had, or may have in the future, a significant impact on our business, financial condition or results of operations, see Part I — Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” and “— Forward-Looking Statements.”


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Results of Operations
 
In connection with our emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings and the adoption of fresh-start accounting, the results of operations for 2009 separately present the 2009 Successor Period and the 2009 Predecessor Period. Although the 2009 Successor Period and the 2009 Predecessor Period are distinct reporting periods, the effects of emergence and fresh-start accounting did not have a material impact on the comparability of our results of operations between the periods, except as discussed below. Accordingly, references to 2009 results of operations combine the two periods in order to enhance the comparability of such information to the prior year. A summary of our operating results in millions of dollars and as a percentage of net sales is shown below:
 
                                                                   
    Successor       Predecessor  
    Two Month
      Ten Month
             
    Period Ended
      Period Ended
    Year Ended  
    December 31,
      November 7,
    December 31,
    December 31,
 
    2009       2009     2008     2007  
Net sales
                                                                 
Seating
  $ 1,251.1       79.1 %     $ 6,561.8       80.4 %   $ 10,726.9       79.0 %   $ 12,206.1       76.3 %
Electrical power management
    329.8       20.9         1,596.9       19.6       2,843.6       21.0       3,100.0       19.4  
Interior
                                          688.9       4.3  
                                                                   
Net sales
    1,580.9       100.0         8,158.7       100.0       13,570.5       100.0       15,995.0       100.0  
Gross profit
    72.8       4.6         287.4       3.5       747.6       5.5       1,151.8       7.2  
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    71.2       4.5         376.7       4.6       511.5       3.8       572.8       3.6  
Amortization of intangible assets
    4.5       0.3         4.1             5.3             5.2        
Goodwill impairment charges
                  319.0       3.9       530.0       3.9              
Divestiture of Interior business
                                          10.7       0.1  
Interest expense
    11.1       0.7         151.4       1.9       190.3       1.4       199.2       1.2  
Other (income) expense, net
    19.8       1.2         (16.6 )     (0.2 )     51.9       0.4       40.7       0.3  
Reorganization items and fresh- start accounting adjustments, net
                  (1,474.8 )     (18.1 )                        
Provision (benefit) for income taxes
    (24.2 )     (1.5 )       29.2       0.4       85.8       0.6       89.9       0.6  
Equity in net (income) loss of affiliates
    (1.9 )     (0.1 )       64.0       0.8       37.2       0.3       (33.8 )     (0.2 )
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests
    (3.9 )     (0.3 )       16.2       0.2       25.5       0.2       25.6       0.1  
Net income (loss) attributable to Lear
    (3.8 )     (0.2 )       818.2       10.0       (689.9 )     (5.1 )     241.5       1.5  
 
Year Ended December 31, 2009, Compared With Year Ended December 31, 2008
 
Net sales for the year ended December 31, 2009 were $9.7 billion, as compared to $13.6 billion for the year ended December 31, 2008, a decrease of $3.8 billion or 28.2%. Lower industry production volumes in North America and Europe, as well as the impact of net foreign exchange rate fluctuations, negatively impacted net sales by $3.1 billion and $405 million, respectively.
 
Gross profit and gross margin were $360 million and 3.7% in 2009, as compared to $748 million and 5.5% in 2008. Lower industry production volumes in North America and Europe reduced gross profit by $699 million. Gross profit was also negatively impacted by net selling price reductions. The benefit of our productivity and restructuring actions partially offset these decreases in gross profit. Further, gross profit in the 2009 Successor Period was negatively impacted by the adoption of fresh-start accounting, which requires inventory to be recorded at fair value upon emergence. This inventory adjustment of $9 million was recognized in cost of sales in the 2009 Successor Period as the inventory was sold.
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses, including engineering and development expenses, were $448 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, as compared to $512 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. As a percentage of net sales, selling, general and administrative expenses were 4.6% and 3.8% in 2009 and 2008, respectively. The decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses was primarily due to favorable cost performance in 2009, including lower compensation-related expenses, as well as reduced engineering and


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development expenses and the impact of net foreign exchange rate fluctuations. These decreases were partially offset by fees and expenses of $24 million related to our capital restructuring efforts prior to our bankruptcy filing.
 
Engineering and development costs incurred in connection with the development of new products and manufacturing methods more than one year prior to launch, to the extent not recoverable from the customer, are charged to selling, general and administrative expenses as incurred. Such costs totaled $83 million in 2009 and $113 million in 2008. In certain situations, the reimbursement of pre-production engineering and design costs is contractually guaranteed by, and fully recoverable from, our customers and is therefore capitalized. For the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, we capitalized $116 million and $137 million, respectively, of such costs.
 
In the 2009 Predecessor Period, we recorded goodwill impairment charges of $319 million, related to our electrical power management segment. Our goodwill impairment analysis was based on our distributable value, which was approved by the Bankruptcy Court. In 2008, we recorded goodwill impairment charges of $530 million, related to our electrical power management segment, primarily as a result of significant declines in estimated production volumes.
 
Interest expense was $163 million in 2009, as compared to $190 million in 2008. Subsequent to our bankruptcy filing, we did not record contractual interest of $70 million for certain of our pre-petition debt obligations in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). This decrease was partially offset by interest and fees associated with our debtor-in-possession financing, as well as fees associated with our pre-petition primary credit facility amendments and waivers, in the 2009 Predecessor Period, and interest and fees associated with our First and Second Lien Facilities in the 2009 Successor Period.
 
Other (income) expense, net which includes non-income related taxes, foreign exchange gains and losses, discounts and expenses associated with our asset-backed securitization and factoring facilities, gains and losses related to certain derivative instruments and hedging activities, gains and losses on the extinguishment of debt, gains and losses on the sales of fixed assets and other miscellaneous income and expense, was $3 million in 2009, as compared to $52 million in 2008. In the 2009 Successor Period and 2009 Predecessor Period, we recognized losses of $2 million and $10 million, respectively, related to a transaction with an affiliate. The impact of this transaction was more than offset by an increase in foreign exchange gains. In 2008, we recognized gains of $22 million related to the sales of our interests in two affiliates, as well as a gain of $8 million on the extinguishment of debt.
 
In the 2009 Predecessor Period, we recognized a gain of approximately $2.0 billion for reorganization items as a result of the bankruptcy proceedings. This gain reflects the cancellation of our pre-petition equity, debt and certain of our other obligations, partially offset by the recognition of certain of our new equity and debt obligations, as well as professional fees incurred as a direct result of the bankruptcy proceedings. In addition, we recognized a charge of approximately $526 million related to the valuation of our net assets upon emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings pursuant to the provisions of fresh-start accounting.
 
In the 2009 Successor Period, the benefit for income taxes was $24 million, representing an effective tax rate of 71.6% on a pretax loss of $34 million. In the 2009 Predecessor Period, the provision for income taxes was $29 million, representing an effective tax rate of 3.1% on pretax income of $928 million. In 2008, the provision for income taxes was $86 million, representing an effective tax rate of negative 15.8% on a pretax loss of $541 million. The provision for income taxes in 2009 primarily relates to profitable foreign operations, as well as withholding taxes on royalties and dividends paid by our foreign subsidiaries. In addition, we incurred losses in several countries that provided no tax benefits due to valuation allowances on our deferred tax assets in those countries. The provision was also impacted by a portion of our restructuring charges, for which no tax benefit was provided as the charges were incurred in certain countries for which no tax benefit is likely to be realized due to a history of operating losses in those countries. Additionally, the benefit in the 2009 Successor Period was impacted by a tax benefit of $28 million primarily related to the settlement of a tax matter in a foreign jurisdiction. The provision in the 2009 Predecessor Period was impacted by a tax benefit of $23 million related to reorganization items and fresh-start accounting adjustments, as well as $319 million of goodwill impairment charges, which were not deductible. The 2008 provision for income taxes was impacted by $530 million of goodwill impairment charges, a substantial portion of which were not deductible. The provision was also impacted by a portion of our restructuring charges, for which no tax benefit was provided as the charges were incurred in certain countries for which no tax benefit is likely to be realized due to a history of operating losses in those countries. The provision was also impacted by a tax benefit of $9 million, including interest, related to a reduction in recorded tax reserves, a tax benefit of $19 million


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related to the reversal of a valuation allowance in a European subsidiary and tax expense of $19 million related to the establishment of a valuation allowance in another European subsidiary. Excluding these items, the effective tax rate in 2009 and 2008 approximated the U.S. federal statutory income tax rate of 35% adjusted for income taxes on foreign earnings, losses and remittances, foreign and U.S. valuation allowances, tax credits, income tax incentives and other permanent items. Further, our current and future provision for income taxes is significantly impacted by the initial recognition of and changes in valuation allowances in certain countries, particularly the United States. We intend to maintain these allowances until it is more likely than not that the deferred tax assets will be realized. Our future income taxes will include no tax benefit with respect to losses incurred and no tax expense with respect to income generated in these countries until the respective valuation allowances are eliminated. Accordingly, income taxes are impacted by the U.S. and foreign valuation allowances and the mix of earnings among jurisdictions.
 
Equity in net loss of affiliates was $62 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, as compared to equity in net loss of affiliates of $37 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. In the 2009 Predecessor Period, we recognized impairment charges of $27 million related to our investment in IAC Europe and $15 million related to our investment in another equity affiliate. In 2008, we recognized an impairment charge of $34 million related to our investment in IAC North America.
 
Net income (loss) attributable to Lear was $814 million in 2009, as compared to ($690) million in 2008, for the reasons discussed above.
 
Reportable Operating Segments
 
We have two reportable operating segments: seating, which includes seat systems and related components, and electrical power management, which includes traditional wiring and power management systems, as well as emerging high-power and hybrid electrical systems. The financial information presented below is for our two reportable operating segments and our other category for the periods presented. The other category includes unallocated costs related to corporate headquarters, geographic headquarters and the elimination of intercompany activities, none of which meets the requirements of being classified as an operating segment. Corporate and geographic headquarters costs include various support functions, such as information technology, purchasing, corporate finance, legal, executive administration and human resources. Financial measures regarding each segment’s income (loss) before goodwill impairment charges, interest expense, other (income) expense, reorganization items and fresh-start accounting adjustments, provision (benefit) for income taxes and equity in net (income) loss of affiliates (“segment earnings”) and segment earnings divided by net sales (“margin”) are not measures of performance under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). Segment earnings and the related margin are used by management to evaluate the performance of our reportable operating segments. Segment earnings should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for net income (loss) attributable to Lear, net cash provided by (used in) operating activities or other statement of operations or cash flow statement data prepared in accordance with GAAP or as measures of profitability or liquidity. In addition, segment earnings, as we determine it, may not be comparable to related or similarly titled measures reported by other companies. For a reconciliation of consolidated segment earnings to consolidated income (loss) before provision (benefit) for income taxes and equity in net (income) loss of affiliates, see Note 16, “Segment Reporting,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
Seating —
 
A summary of the financial measures for our seating segment is shown below (dollar amounts in millions):
 
                           
    Successor       Predecessor  
    Two Month
      Ten Month
       
    Period Ended
      Period Ended
    Year Ended
 
    December 31,
      November 7,
    December 31,
 
    2009       2009     2008  
Net sales
  $ 1,251.1       $ 6,561.8     $ 10,726.9  
Segment earnings(1)
    52.4         184.9       386.7  
Margin
    4.2 %       2.8 %     3.6 %
 
 
(1) See definition above.


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Seating net sales were $7.8 billion for the year ended December 31, 2009, as compared to $10.7 billion for the year ended December 31, 2008, a decrease of $2.9 billion or 27.2%. Lower industry production volumes in North America and Europe, as well as the impact of net foreign exchange rate fluctuations, negatively impacted net sales by $2.5 billion and $355 million, respectively. Segment earnings, including restructuring costs, and the related margin on net sales were $237 million and 3.0% in 2009, as compared to $387 million and 3.6% in 2008. Lower industry production volumes in North America and Europe reduced segment earnings by $499 million. Segment earnings were also negatively impacted by net selling price reductions. The benefit of our productivity and restructuring actions partially offset these decreases in segment earnings. Further, segment earnings in the 2009 Successor Period were negatively impacted by the adoption of fresh-start accounting, which requires inventory to be recorded at fair value upon emergence. An inventory adjustment of $3 million was recognized in cost of sales in the 2009 Successor Period as the inventory was sold. In addition, we incurred costs related to our restructuring actions in the seating segment of $79 million in 2009, as compared to $133 million in 2008.
 
Electrical power management —
 
A summary of the financial measures for our electrical power management segment is shown below (dollar amounts in millions):
 
                           
    Successor       Predecessor  
    Two Month
      Ten Month
       
    Period Ended
      Period Ended
    Year Ended
 
    December 31,
      November 7,
    December 31,
 
    2009       2009     2008  
Net sales
  $ 329.8       $ 1,596.9     $ 2,843.6  
Segment earnings(1)
    (24.5 )       (131.3 )     44.7  
Margin
    (7.4 )%       (8.2 )%     1.6 %
 
 
(1) See definition above.
 
Electrical power management net sales were $1.9 billion for the year ended December 31, 2009, as compared to $2.8 billion for the year ended December 31, 2008, a decrease of $917 million or 32.2%. Lower industry production volumes in North America and Europe, as well as the impact of net foreign exchange rate fluctuations, negatively impacted net sales by $687 million and $50 million, respectively. Segment earnings, including restructuring costs, and the related margin on net sales were ($156) million and (8.1)% in 2009, as compared to $45 million and 1.6% in 2008. Lower industry production volumes in North America and Europe reduced segment earnings by $200 million. Segment earnings were also negatively impacted by net selling price reductions. The benefit of our productivity and restructuring actions partially offset these decreases in segment earnings. Further, segment earnings in the 2009 Successor Period were negatively impacted by the adoption of fresh-start accounting, which requires inventory to be recorded at fair value upon emergence. An inventory adjustment of $6 million was recognized in cost of sales in the 2009 Successor Period as the inventory was sold. In addition, we incurred costs related to our restructuring actions in the electrical power management segment of $79 million in 2009, as compared to $31 million in 2008.
 
Other —
 
A summary of financial measures for our other category, which is not an operating segment, is shown below (dollar amounts in millions):
 
                           
    Successor       Predecessor  
    Two Month
      Ten Month
       
    Period Ended
      Period Ended
    Year Ended
 
    December 31,
      November 7,
    December 31,
 
    2009       2009     2008  
Net sales
  $       $     $  
Segment earnings(1)
    (30.8 )       (147.0 )     (200.6 )
Margin
    N/A         N/A       N/A  
 
 
(1) See definition above.


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Our other category includes unallocated corporate and geographic headquarters costs, as well as the elimination of intercompany activity. Corporate and geographic headquarters costs include various support functions, such as information technology, purchasing, corporate finance, legal, executive administration and human resources. Segment earnings related to our other category were ($178) million in 2009, as compared to ($201) million in 2008, primarily due to savings from our restructuring and other cost improvement actions. These savings were partially offset by fees and expenses related to our capital restructuring of $21 million. In addition, we incurred costs related to our restructuring actions of $6 million in 2009, as compared to $24 million in 2008.
 
Year Ended December 31, 2008, Compared With Year Ended December 31, 2007
 
Net sales for the year ended December 31, 2008 were $13.6 billion, as compared to $16.0 billion for the year ended December 31, 2007, a decrease of $2.4 billion or 15.2%. Lower industry production volumes in North America and Europe, as well as the divestiture of our interior business, negatively impacted net sales by $2.6 billion and $656 million, respectively. These decreases were partially offset by the impact of net foreign exchange rate fluctuations and the benefit of new business, which increased net sales by $585 million and $282 million, respectively.
 
Gross profit and gross margin were $748 million and 5.5% in 2008, as compared to $1,152 million and 7.2% in 2007. The impact of lower industry production volumes, largely in North America, reduced gross profit by $693 million. The impact of net selling price reductions was more than offset by the benefit of our productivity and restructuring actions.
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses, including engineering and development expenses, were $512 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, as compared to $573 million for the year ended December 31, 2007. As a percentage of net sales, selling, general and administrative expenses were 3.8% and 3.6% in 2008 and 2007, respectively. The decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses was largely due to favorable cost performance in 2008, including lower compensation-related expenses, as well as reduced engineering and development expenses. These decreases were partially offset by the impact of net foreign exchange rate fluctuations. In 2007, a curtailment gain of $36 million related to our decision to freeze our U.S. salaried pension plan was offset by costs related to the AREP merger agreement.
 
Engineering and development costs incurred in connection with the development of new products and manufacturing methods more than one year prior to launch, to the extent not recoverable from the customer, are charged to selling, general and administrative expenses as incurred. Such costs totaled $113 million in 2008 and $135 million in 2007. The divestiture of our interior business resulted in a $7 million reduction in engineering and development costs. In certain situations, the reimbursement of pre-production engineering and design costs is contractually guaranteed by, and fully recoverable from, our customers and is therefore capitalized. For the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, we capitalized $137 million and $106 million, respectively, of such costs.
 
In 2008, we recorded goodwill impairment charges of $530 million, related to our electrical power management segment, primarily as a result of significant declines in estimated production volumes.
 
Interest expense was $190 million in 2008, as compared to $199 million in 2007. This decrease was primarily due to lower borrowing rates, partially offset by the impact of our election to borrow $1.2 billion under our revolving credit facility in the fourth quarter of 2008 to protect against possible disruptions in the capital markets and uncertain industry conditions, as well as to further bolster our liquidity.
 
Other expense, net which includes non-income related taxes, foreign exchange gains and losses, discounts and expenses associated with our asset-backed securitization and factoring facilities, gains and losses related to certain derivative instruments and hedging activities, gains and losses on the extinguishment of debt, gains and losses on the sales of fixed assets and other miscellaneous income and expense, was $52 million in 2008, as compared to $41 million in 2007. In 2008, we recognized gains of $22 million related to the sales of our interests in two affiliates, as well as a gain of $8 million on the extinguishment of debt. The impact of these transactions was more than offset by an increase in foreign exchange losses.
 
The provision for income taxes was $86 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, representing an effective tax rate of negative 15.8% on a pretax loss of $541 million, as compared to $90 million for the year ended


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December 31, 2007, representing an effective tax rate of 27.8% on pretax income of $323 million. The 2008 provision for income taxes was impacted by $530 million of goodwill impairment charges, a substantial portion of which were not deductible. The provision was also impacted by a portion of our restructuring charges, for which no tax benefit was provided as the charges were incurred in certain countries for which no tax benefit is likely to be realized due to a history of operating losses in those countries. The provision was also impacted by a tax benefit of $9 million, including interest, related to a reduction in recorded tax reserves, a tax benefit of $19 million related to the reversal of a valuation allowance in a European subsidiary and tax expense of $19 million related to the establishment of a valuation allowance in another European subsidiary. Excluding these items, the effective tax rate in 2008 approximated the U.S. federal statutory income tax rate of 35% adjusted for income taxes on foreign earnings, losses and remittances, U.S. and foreign valuation allowances, tax credits, income tax incentives and other permanent items. The 2007 provision for income taxes was impacted by costs of $21 million related to the divestiture of our interior business, a significant portion of which provided no tax benefit as they were incurred in the United States. The provision was also impacted by a portion of our restructuring charges and costs related to the merger transaction, for which no tax benefit was provided as the charges were incurred in certain countries for which no tax benefit is likely to be realized due to a history of operating losses in those countries. This was offset by the impact of the U.S. salaried pension plan curtailment gain of $36 million, for which no tax expense was provided as it was incurred in the United States, a net tax benefit of $17 million as a result of changes in valuation allowances in several foreign jurisdictions and a tax benefit of $17 million related to a tax rate change in Germany, partially offset by one-time tax expenses of $9 million related to various tax items. Further, our current and future provision for income taxes is significantly impacted by the initial recognition of and changes in valuation allowances in certain countries, particularly the United States. We intend to maintain these allowances until it is more likely than not that the deferred tax assets will be realized. Our future provision for income taxes will include no tax benefit with respect to losses incurred and no tax expense with respect to income generated in these countries until the respective valuation allowance is eliminated. Accordingly, income taxes are impacted by the U.S. and foreign valuation allowances and the mix of earnings among jurisdictions.
 
Equity in net loss of affiliates was $37 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, as compared to equity in net income of affiliates of $34 million for the year ended December 31, 2007. In 2008, we recognized an impairment charge of $34 million related to our investment in IAC North America. In addition, we recognized losses of $18 million related to our investments in IAC North America and IAC Europe.
 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests was $26 million in 2008 and 2007. In 2007, we recorded a loss of $4 million related to the acquisition of the noncontrolling interest in an affiliate.
 
Net loss attributable to Lear in 2008 was $690 million, or ($8.93) per diluted share, as compared to net income attributable to Lear in 2007 of $242 million, or $3.09 per diluted share, for the reasons discussed above.
 
Reportable Operating Segments
 
Historically, we have had three reportable operating segments: seating, which includes seat systems and related components; electrical power management, which includes traditional wiring and power management systems, as well as emerging high-power and hybrid electrical systems; and interior, which has been divested and included instrument panels and cockpit systems, headliners and overhead systems, door panels, flooring and acoustic systems and other interior products. For further information related to our interior business, see Note 6, “Divestiture of Interior Business,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report. The financial information presented below is for our three reportable operating segments and our other category for the periods presented. The other category includes unallocated costs related to corporate headquarters, geographic headquarters and the elimination of intercompany activities, none of which meets the requirements of being classified as an operating segment. Corporate and geographic headquarters costs include various support functions, such as information technology, purchasing, corporate finance, legal, executive administration and human resources. Financial measures regarding each segment’s income (loss) before goodwill impairment charges, divestiture of Interior business, interest expense, other expense, provision for income taxes and equity in net (income) loss of affiliates (“segment earnings”) and segment earnings divided by net sales (“margin”) are not measures of performance under GAAP. Segment earnings and the related margin are used by management to evaluate the performance of our reportable operating segments. Segment earnings should not be considered in isolation or as a


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substitute for net income (loss) attributable to Lear, net cash provided by operating activities or other statement of operations or cash flow statement data prepared in accordance with GAAP or as measures of profitability or liquidity. In addition, segment earnings, as we determine it, may not be comparable to related or similarly titled measures reported by other companies. For a reconciliation of consolidated segment earnings to consolidated income (loss) before provision for income taxes and equity in net (income) loss of affiliates, see Note 16, “Segment Reporting,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
Seating —
 
A summary of the financial measures for our seating segment is shown below (dollar amounts in millions):
 
                 
    Year Ended  
    December 31,
    December 31,
 
    2008     2007  
 
Net sales
  $ 10,726.9     $ 12,206.1  
Segment earnings(1)
    386.7       758.7  
Margin
    3.6 %     6.2 %
 
 
(1) See definition above.
 
Seating net sales were $10.7 billion for the year ended December 31, 2008, as compared to $12.2 billion for the year ended December 31, 2007, a decrease of $1.5 billion or 12.1%. Lower industry production volumes in North America and Europe negatively impacted net sales by $2.2 billion. The impact of net foreign exchange rate fluctuations and the benefit of new business favorably impacted net sales by $404 million and $190 million, respectively. Segment earnings, including restructuring costs, and the related margin on net sales were $387 million and 3.6% in 2008, as compared to $759 million and 6.2% in 2007. The decline in segment earnings was largely due to lower industry production volumes, which negatively impacted segment earnings by $558 million, as well as higher commodity costs. This decrease was partially offset by the benefit of our productivity and restructuring actions. In addition, we incurred costs related to our restructuring actions in the seating segment of $133 million in 2008, as compared to $92 million in 2007.
 
Electrical power management —
 
A summary of the financial measures for our electrical power management segment is shown below (dollar amounts in millions):
 
                 
    Year Ended  
    December 31,
    December 31,
 
    2008     2007  
 
Net sales
  $ 2,843.6     $ 3,100.0  
Segment earnings(1)
    44.7       40.8  
Margin
    1.6 %     1.3 %
 
 
(1) See definition above.
 
Electrical power management net sales were $2.8 billion for the year ended December 31, 2008, as compared to $3.1 billion for the year ended December 31, 2007, a decrease of $256 million or 8.3%. Lower industry production volumes in North America and Europe negatively impacted net sales by $483 million. This decrease was partially offset by the impact of net foreign exchange rate fluctuations and the benefit of new business, which favorably impacted net sales by $181 million and $92 million, respectively. Segment earnings, including restructuring costs, and the related margin on net sales were $45 million and 1.6% in 2008, as compared to $41 million and 1.3% in 2007. The benefit of our productivity and restructuring actions, as well as lower restructuring costs and the impact of legal claims, was offset by the impact of lower industry production volumes and net selling price reductions. In 2008, we incurred costs related to our restructuring actions in the electrical power management segment of $31 million, as compared to $70 million in 2007.


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Interior —
 
A summary of the financial measures for our interior segment is shown below (dollar amounts in millions):
 
                 
    Year Ended  
    December 31,
    December 31,
 
    2008     2007  
 
Net sales
  $     $ 688.9  
Segment earnings(1)
          8.2  
Margin
    N/A       1.2 %
 
 
(1) See definition above.
 
We substantially completed the divestiture of our interior business in the first quarter of 2007. See “— Executive Overview” and Note 6, “Divestiture of Interior Business,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report for further information.
 
Other —
 
A summary of financial measures for our other category, which is not an operating segment, is shown below (dollar amounts in millions):
 
                 
    Year Ended  
    December 31,
    December 31,
 
    2008     2007  
 
Net sales
  $     $  
Segment earnings(1)
    (200.6 )     (233.9 )
Margin
    N/A       N/A  
 
 
(1) See definition above.
 
Our other category includes unallocated corporate and geographic headquarters costs, as well as the elimination of intercompany activity. Corporate and geographic headquarters costs include various support functions, such as information technology, purchasing, corporate finance, legal, executive administration and human resources. Segment earnings related to our other category were ($201) million in 2008, as compared to ($234) million in 2007, primarily due to savings from our restructuring and other cost improvement actions. In 2007, we recognized costs of $35 million related to the AREP merger agreement and costs of $7 million related to the divestiture of our interior business, which were partially offset by a curtailment gain of $36 million related to our decision to freeze our U.S. salaried pension plan. In addition, we incurred costs related to our restructuring actions of $24 million in 2008, as compared to $15 million in 2007.
 
Restructuring
 
In 2005, we initiated a three-year restructuring strategy to (i) eliminate excess capacity and lower our operating costs, (ii) streamline our organizational structure and reposition our business for improved long-term profitability and (iii) better align our manufacturing footprint with the changing needs of our customers. In light of industry conditions and customer announcements, we expanded this strategy in 2008. Through the end of 2008, we incurred pretax restructuring costs of approximately $528 million and related manufacturing inefficiency charges of approximately $52 million. In 2009, we continued to restructure our global operations and to aggressively reduce our costs. We expect accelerated restructuring actions and related investments to continue for the next few years.
 
Restructuring costs include employee termination benefits, fixed asset impairment charges and contract termination costs, as well as other incremental costs resulting from the restructuring actions. These incremental costs principally include equipment and personnel relocation costs. We also incur incremental manufacturing inefficiency costs at the operating locations impacted by the restructuring actions during the related restructuring implementation period. Restructuring costs are recognized in our consolidated financial statements in accordance


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with GAAP. Generally, charges are recorded as elements of the restructuring strategy are finalized. Actual costs recorded in our consolidated financial statements may vary from current estimates.
 
In the 2009 Successor Period, we recorded restructuring and related manufacturing inefficiency charges of $44 million in connection with our restructuring actions. These charges consist of $38 million recorded as cost of sales and $6 million recorded as selling, general and administrative expenses. Cash expenditures related to our restructuring actions totaled $15 million in the 2009 Successor Period, including $1 million in capital expenditures. The restructuring charges consist of employee termination benefits of $44 million and other related credits of ($1) million. We also estimate that we incurred approximately $1 million in manufacturing inefficiency costs during this period as a result of the restructuring. Employee termination benefits were recorded based on existing union and employee contracts, statutory requirements and completed negotiations.
 
In the 2009 Predecessor Period, we recorded restructuring and related manufacturing inefficiency charges of $116 million in connection with our restructuring actions. These charges consist of $111 million recorded as cost of sales, $9 million recorded as selling, general and administrative expenses and ($4) million recorded as reorganization items and fresh-start accounting adjustments, net. Cash expenditures related to our restructuring actions totaled $137 million in the 2009 Predecessor Period, including $3 million in capital expenditures. The restructuring charges consist of employee termination benefits of $78 million, fixed asset impairment charges of $6 million and contract termination costs of $7 million, as well as other related costs of $10 million. We also estimate that we incurred approximately $15 million in manufacturing inefficiency costs during this period as a result of the restructuring. Employee termination benefits were recorded based on existing union and employee contracts, statutory requirements and completed negotiations. Asset impairment charges relate to the disposal of buildings, leasehold improvements and machinery and equipment with carrying values of $6 million in excess of related estimated fair values. Contract termination costs include net pension and other postretirement benefit plan charges of $9 million and various other credits of ($2) million, the majority of which relate to the rejections of certain lease agreements in connection with our bankruptcy filing.
 
In 2008, we recorded restructuring and related manufacturing inefficiency charges of $194 million in connection with our restructuring actions. These charges consist of $164 million recorded as cost of sales, $24 million recorded as selling, general and administrative expenses and $6 million recorded as other (income) expense, net. Cash expenditures related to our restructuring actions totaled $180 million in 2008, including $17 million in capital expenditures. The 2008 restructuring charges consist of employee termination benefits of $128 million, fixed asset impairment charges of $17 million and contract termination costs of $9 million, as well as other related costs of $23 million. We also estimate that we incurred approximately $17 million in manufacturing inefficiency costs during this period as a result of the restructuring. Employee termination benefits were recorded based on existing union and employee contracts, statutory requirements and completed negotiations. Asset impairment charges relate to the disposal of buildings, leasehold improvements and machinery and equipment with carrying values of $17 million in excess of related estimated fair values. Contract termination costs include net pension and other postretirement benefit plan charges of $8 million, lease cancellation costs of $2 million, a reduction in previously recorded repayments of various government-sponsored grants of ($2) million and various other costs of $1 million.
 
In 2007, we recorded restructuring and related manufacturing inefficiency charges of $182 million in connection with our restructuring actions. These charges consist of $166 million recorded as cost of sales and $16 million recorded as selling, general and administrative expenses. Cash expenditures related to our restructuring actions totaled $111 million in 2007. The 2007 restructuring charges consist of employee termination benefits of $115 million, fixed asset impairment charges of $17 million and contract termination costs of $25 million, as well as other related costs of $12 million. We also estimate that we incurred approximately $13 million in manufacturing inefficiency costs during this period as a result of the restructuring. Employee termination benefits were recorded based on existing union and employee contracts, statutory requirements and completed negotiations. Asset impairment charges relate to the disposal of buildings, leasehold improvements and machinery and equipment with carrying values of $17 million in excess of related estimated fair values. Contract termination costs include net pension and other postretirement benefit plan curtailment charges of $19 million, lease cancellation costs of $5 million and the repayment of various government-sponsored grants of $1 million.


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Liquidity and Financial Condition
 
Our primary liquidity needs are to fund general business requirements, including working capital requirements, capital expenditures, indebtedness and customer launch activity. In addition, approximately 90% of the costs associated with our current restructuring strategy are expected to require cash expenditures. Our principal source of liquidity is cash flows from operating activities and existing cash balances. A substantial portion of our operating income is generated by our subsidiaries. As a result, we are dependent on the earnings and cash flows of and the combination of dividends, royalties, intercompany loan repayments and other distributions and advances from our subsidiaries to provide the funds necessary to meet our obligations. There are no significant restrictions on the ability of our subsidiaries to pay dividends or make other distributions to Lear. For further information regarding potential dividends from our non-U.S. subsidiaries, see Note 11, “Income Taxes,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
Cash Flows
 
Net cash used in operating activities was $175 million in 2009, as compared to net cash provided by operating activities of $164 million in 2008. The decrease primarily reflects lower earnings before the impact of reorganization items and fresh-start accounting adjustments and goodwill impairment charges in 2009. The termination of our European accounts receivable factoring facilities also resulted in a decrease in operating cash flow of $186 million between years. The net change in working capital items partially offset these decreases, resulting in an increase in operating cash flow of $191 million between years.
 
Net cash used in investing activities was $92 million in 2009, as compared to $144 million in 2008, reflecting a decrease in capital expenditures of $49 million between years. Capital spending in 2010 is currently estimated at approximately $170 million.
 
Net cash provided by financing activities was $195 million in 2009, as compared to $987 million in 2008. In 2009, we borrowed $375 million under the First Lien Facility and prepaid $50 million under the Second Lien Facility. In addition, we paid $71 million in deferred financing fees related to our pre-petition primary credit facility, our debtor-in-possession financing and our First and Second Lien Facilities. We also prepaid $50 million of Series A Preferred Stock. In 2008, we elected to borrow $1.2 billion under our primary credit facility in order to protect against possible disruptions in the capital markets and to further bolster our liquidity position. These 2008 borrowings were partially offset by the repayment of our €56 million (approximately $87 million based on the exchange rate in effect as of the transaction date) aggregate principal amount of senior notes on the maturity date, the repurchase of the remaining $41 million aggregate principal amount of our senior notes due 2009 for a purchase price of $43 million, including the call premium and related fees, and the repurchase of $2 million aggregate principal amount of our senior notes due 2013 and $11 million aggregate principal amount of our senior notes due 2016 in the open market for an aggregate purchase price of $3 million, including related fees.
 
Capitalization
 
In addition to cash provided by operating activities, we utilize uncommitted credit facilities to fund our capital expenditures and working capital requirements at certain of our foreign subsidiaries. We utilize uncommitted lines of credit as needed for our short-term working capital fluctuations. As of December 31, 2009 and 2008, our outstanding short-term debt balance, excluding borrowings outstanding under our pre-petition primary credit facility, was $37 million and $43 million, respectively. The weighted average short-term interest rate on our unsecured short-term debt balances was 7.7% and 7.1% for the years ended December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively. The availability of uncommitted lines of credit may be affected by our financial performance, credit ratings and other factors.
 
First Lien Facility
 
On October 23, 2009, we entered into a first lien credit agreement (the “First Lien Agreement”) with certain financial institutions party thereto and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent, providing for the issuance of term loans under the First Lien Facility. Pursuant to the terms of the First Lien Agreement, on the Effective Date, we had access to $500 million, subject to certain adjustments as defined in the Plan. Upon


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emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings on November 9, 2009, we requested initial funding of $200 million under this facility and had access to the remainder (the remainder to be drawn not later than 35 days after the initial funding and the amount to be determined based on the terms of the Plan and our liquidity needs). The proceeds of the First Lien Facility were used, in part, to satisfy amounts outstanding under our debtor-in-possession credit facility, and the remaining proceeds are available for other general corporate purposes. For further information regarding the debtor-in-possession credit facility, see “— Satisfaction of DIP Agreement.”
 
On November 27, 2009, we elected to make the delayed draw provided for under the First Lien Facility in the amount of $175 million. As of December 31, 2009, the aggregate principal amount outstanding under the First Lien Facility was $375 million. In addition to the foregoing, upon satisfaction of certain conditions, we will have the right to raise additional funds to increase the amount available under the First Lien Facility up to an aggregate amount of $575 million.
 
The First Lien Facility is comprised of the term loans described in the preceding paragraphs. Obligations under the First Lien Agreement are secured on a first priority basis by a lien on substantially all of the U.S. assets of Lear and its domestic subsidiaries, as well as 100% of the stock of Lear’s domestic subsidiaries and 65% of the stock of certain of Lear’s foreign subsidiaries. In addition, obligations under the First Lien Agreement are guaranteed on a first priority basis, on a joint and several basis, by certain of Lear’s domestic subsidiaries, which are directly or indirectly 100% owned by Lear.
 
Advances under the First Lien Agreement bear interest at a fixed rate per annum equal to (i) LIBOR (with a LIBOR floor of 2.0%), as adjusted for certain statutory reserves, plus 5.50%, payable on the last day of each applicable interest period but in no event less frequently than quarterly, or (ii) the Adjusted Base Rate (as defined in the First Lien Agreement) plus 4.50%, payable quarterly. In addition, the First Lien Agreement obligates us to pay certain fees to the lenders.
 
The First Lien Agreement contains various customary representations, warranties and covenants by us, including, without limitation, (i) covenants regarding maximum leverage and minimum interest coverage; (ii) limitations on the amount of capital expenditures; (iii) limitations on fundamental changes involving us or our subsidiaries; and (iv) limitations on indebtedness and liens. As of December 31, 2009, we were in compliance with all covenants set forth in the First Lien Facility.
 
Obligations under the First Lien Agreement may be accelerated following certain events of default, including, without limitation, any breach by us of any representation, warranty or covenant made in the First Lien Agreement or the entry into bankruptcy by us or certain of our subsidiaries.
 
The First Lien Facility matures on November 9, 2014, provided that if the second lien credit agreement (the “Second Lien Agreement”) is not refinanced prior to three months before its maturity on November 9, 2012, the maturity of the First Lien Facility will be adjusted automatically to three months before the maturity of the Second Lien Facility.
 
Second Lien Facility
 
On the Effective Date, we entered into the Second Lien Agreement with certain financial institutions party thereto and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent, providing for the issuance of $550 million of term loans under the Second Lien Facility, which debt was issued on the Effective Date in partial satisfaction of the amounts outstanding under our pre-petition primary credit facility.
 
Obligations under the Second Lien Agreement are secured on a second priority basis by a lien on substantially all of the U.S. assets of Lear and its domestic subsidiaries, as well as 100% of the stock of Lear’s domestic subsidiaries and 65% of the stock of certain of Lear’s foreign subsidiaries. In addition, obligations under the Second Lien Agreement are guaranteed on a second priority basis, on a joint and several basis, by certain of Lear’s domestic subsidiaries, which are directly or indirectly 100% owned by Lear.
 
Advances under the Second Lien Agreement bear interest at a fixed rate per annum equal to (i) LIBOR (with a LIBOR floor of 3.5%), as adjusted for certain statutory reserves, plus 5.50% (with certain increases over the life of the Second Lien Facility), payable on the last day of each applicable interest period but in no event less frequently


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than quarterly, or (ii) the Adjusted Base Rate (as defined in the Second Lien Agreement) plus 4.50% (with certain increases over the life of the Second Lien Facility), payable quarterly. In addition, the Second Lien Agreement obligates us to pay certain fees to the lenders.
 
The Second Lien Agreement contains various customary representations, warranties and covenants by us, including, without limitation, (i) covenants regarding maximum leverage and minimum interest coverage; (ii) limitations on the amount of capital expenditures; (iii) limitations on fundamental changes involving us or our subsidiaries; and (iv) limitations on indebtedness and liens. As of December 31, 2009, we were in compliance with all covenants set forth in the Second Lien Facility.
 
Obligations under the Second Lien Agreement may be accelerated following certain events of default (subject to applicable cure periods), including, without limitation, the failure to pay principal or interest when due, a breach by us of any representation, warranty or covenant made in the Second Lien Agreement or the entry into bankruptcy by us or certain of our subsidiaries.
 
The Second Lien Agreement matures on November 9, 2012.
 
Satisfaction of DIP Agreement
 
On July 6, 2009, the Debtors entered into a credit and guarantee agreement by and among Lear, as borrower, the guarantors party thereto, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent, and the lenders party thereto (the “DIP Agreement”). The DIP Agreement provided for new money debtor-in-possession financing comprised of a term loan in the aggregate principal amount of $500 million. On August 4, 2009, the Bankruptcy Court entered an order approving the DIP Agreement, and the Debtors subsequently received proceeds of $500 million, net of related fees and expenses of approximately $37 million, related to available debtor-in-possession financing. On the Effective Date, amounts outstanding under the DIP Agreement were repaid, using proceeds of the First Lien Facility and available cash.
 
Cancellation of Pre-Petition Primary Credit Facility and Senior Notes
 
Our pre-petition primary credit facility consisted of an amended and restated credit and guarantee agreement, as further amended, which provided for maximum revolving borrowing commitments of $1.3 billion and a term loan facility of $1.0 billion. On the Effective Date, pursuant to the Plan, our pre-petition primary credit facility was cancelled (except for the purposes of allowing creditors under that facility to receive distributions under the Plan and allowing the administrative agent to exercise certain rights). On the Effective Date, pursuant to the Plan, each lender under the pre-petition primary credit facility received its pro rata share of: (i) $550 million of term loans under the Second Lien Facility; (ii) $450 million of Series A Preferred Stock; (iii) 35.5% of the Common Stock (excluding any effect of the Series A Preferred Stock, the Warrants and the management equity grants) and (iv) $100 million of cash.
 
Our pre-petition debt securities consisted of senior notes under the following:
 
  •  Indenture dated as of November 24, 2006, by and among Lear, certain subsidiary guarantors party thereto from time to time and The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., as trustee (“BONY”), relating to the 8.5% senior notes due 2013 and the 8.75% senior notes due 2016;
 
  •  Indenture dated as of August 3, 2004, by and among Lear, the guarantors party thereto from time to time and BNY Midwest Trust Company, N.A., as trustee, as amended and supplemented by that certain Supplemental Indenture No. 1 and Supplemental Indenture No. 2, relating to the 5.75% senior notes due 2014; and
 
  •  Indenture dated as of February 20, 2002, by and among Lear, the guarantors party thereto from time to time and BONY, as amended and supplemented by that certain Supplemental Indenture No. 1, Supplemental Indenture No. 2, Supplemental Indenture No. 3 and Supplemental Indenture No. 4, relating to the zero-coupon convertible senior notes due 2022.
 
As of December 31, 2008, the aggregate amount outstanding under the senior notes was $1.3 billion.


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On the Effective Date, pursuant to the Plan, the Company’s pre-petition outstanding debt securities were cancelled and the indentures governing such debt securities were terminated (except for the purposes of allowing holders of the notes to receive distributions under the Plan and allowing the trustees to exercise certain rights). Under the Plan, each holder of senior notes and certain other general unsecured claims against the Debtors and the unsecured deficiency claims of the lenders under the pre-petition primary credit facility received its pro rata share of (i) 64.5% of the Common Stock (excluding any effect of the Series A Preferred Stock, the Warrants and the management equity grants) and (ii) the Warrants.
 
For further information, see Note 10, “Long Term Debt,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
Pre-Petition Senior Notes — 2008 Transactions
 
In April 2008, we repaid, on the maturity date, €56 million ($87 million based on the exchange rate in effect as of the transaction date) aggregate principal amount of senior notes. In August 2008, we repurchased our remaining senior notes due 2009, with an aggregate principal amount of $41 million, for a purchase price of $43 million, including the call premium and related fees. In December 2008, we repurchased a portion of our senior notes due 2013 and 2016, with an aggregate principal amount of $2 million and $11 million, respectively, in the open market for an aggregate purchase price of $3 million, including related fees. In connection with these transactions, we recognized a net gain on the extinguishment of debt of approximately $8 million, which is included in other (income) expense, net in the consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2008, included in this Report.
 
Contractual Obligations
 
Our scheduled maturities of long-term debt, including capital lease obligations, our scheduled interest payments on our First and Second Lien Facilities and our lease commitments under non-cancelable operating leases as of December 31, 2009, are shown below (in millions):
 
                                                         
    2010     2011     2012     2013     2014     Thereafter     Total  
 
Long-term debt maturities
  $ 8.1     $ 6.2     $ 555.6     $ 4.3     $ 360.3     $ 0.7     $ 935.2  
Scheduled interest payments
    77.5       80.9       76.0       27.2       22.4             284.0  
Lease commitments
    67.0       46.5       33.0       23.8       16.7       35.7       222.7  
                                                         
Total
  $ 152.6     $ 133.6     $ 664.6     $ 55.3     $ 399.4     $ 36.4     $ 1,441.9  
                                                         
 
The scheduled maturities above reflect the scheduled maturity of the Second Lien Facility in 2012 and the scheduled maturity of the First Lien Facility in 2014. As described above, the First Lien Facility matures in 2014, provided that if the Second Lien Agreement is not refinanced prior to three months before its maturity in 2012, the maturity of the First Lien Facility will be adjusted automatically to three months before the maturity of the Second Lien Facility, resulting in long-term debt maturities of $919.4 million, $0.5 million and $0.3 million in 2012, 2013 and 2014, respectively.
 
Borrowings under our First and Second Lien Facilities bear interest at variable rates. Therefore, an increase in interest rates would reduce our profitability. See “— Market Risk Sensitivity.”
 
In addition to the obligations set forth above, we have capital requirements with respect to new programs. We enter into agreements with our customers to produce products at the beginning of a vehicle’s life cycle. Although such agreements do not provide for a specified quantity of products, once we enter into such agreements, we are generally required to fulfill our customers’ purchasing requirements for the production life of the vehicle. Prior to being formally awarded a program, we typically work closely with our customers in the early stages of the design and engineering of a vehicle’s systems. Failure to complete the design and engineering work related to a vehicle’s systems, or to fulfill a customer’s contract, could have a material adverse impact on our business.
 
We also enter into agreements with suppliers to assist us in meeting our customers’ production needs. These agreements vary as to duration and quantity commitments. Historically, most have been short-term agreements, which do not provide for minimum purchases, or are requirements-based contracts.


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We may be required to make significant cash outlays related to our unrecognized tax benefits, including interest and penalties. However, due to the uncertainty of the timing of future cash flows associated with our unrecognized tax benefits, we are unable to make reasonably reliable estimates of the period of cash settlement, if any, with the respective taxing authorities. Accordingly, unrecognized tax benefits, including interest and penalties, of $84 million as of December 31, 2009, have been excluded from the contractual obligations table above. For further information related to our unrecognized tax benefits, see Note 11, “Income Taxes,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
We also have minimum funding requirements with respect to our pension obligations. Based on these minimum funding requirements, we expect required contributions to be approximately $25 to $30 million to our domestic and foreign pension plans in 2010. We may elect to make contributions in excess of the minimum funding requirements in response to investment performance and changes in interest rates, to achieve funding levels required by our defined benefit plan arrangements or when we believe that it is financially advantageous to do so and based on our other capital requirements. Our minimum funding requirements after 2010 will depend on several factors, including investment performance and interest rates. Our minimum funding requirements may also be affected by changes in applicable legal requirements. We also have payments due with respect to our postretirement benefit obligations. We do not fund our postretirement benefit obligations. Rather, payments are made as costs are incurred by covered retirees. We expect payments related to our postretirement benefit obligations to be approximately $10 million in 2010.
 
We also have a defined contribution retirement program for our salaried employees. Contributions to this plan are determined as a percentage of each covered employee’s eligible compensation and are expected to be approximately $12 million in 2010. In addition, as a result of amendments to certain of our non-qualified defined benefit plans in December 2007, we expect distributions to participants in these plans to be approximately $7 million in 2010.
 
For further information related to our pension and other postretirement benefit plans, see “— Other Matters — Pension and Other Postretirement Benefit Plans” and Note 12, “Pension and Other Postretirement Benefit Plans,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
Guarantees and Commitments — We guarantee 49% of certain of the debt of Tacle Seating USA, LLC. As of December 31, 2009, the aggregate amount of debt guaranteed was approximately $3 million.
 
Accounts Receivable Factoring
 
Certain of our Asian subsidiaries periodically factor their accounts receivable with financial institutions. Such receivables are factored without recourse to us and are excluded from accounts receivable in the consolidated balance sheets included in this Report. In 2008, certain of our European subsidiaries entered into extended factoring agreements, which provided for aggregate purchases of specified customer accounts receivable of up to €315 million. In January 2009, Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services downgraded our corporate credit rating to CCC+ from B-, and as a result, in February 2009, the use of these facilities was suspended. In July 2009, these facilities were terminated in connection with our bankruptcy filing under Chapter 11. We cannot provide any assurance that any other factoring facilities will be available or utilized in the future. As of December 31, 2009, there were no factored receivables. As of December 31, 2008, the amount of factored receivables was $144 million.
 
Credit Ratings
 
The credit ratings below are not recommendations to buy, sell or hold our securities and are subject to revision or withdrawal at any time by the assigning rating organization. Each rating should be evaluated independently of any other rating.


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Our Corporate Rating and the credit ratings of our First Lien Facility and Second Lien Facility as of the date of this Report are shown below.
 
         
    Standard & Poor’s
  Moody’s
    Ratings Services   Investors Service
 
Corporate rating
  B   B2
Credit rating of First Lien Facility
  BB−   Ba2
Credit rating of Second Lien Facility
  BB−   Ba3
Ratings outlook
  Positive   Stable
 
Dividends
 
See Item 5, “Market for the Company’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.”
 
Pre-Petition Common Stock Repurchase Programs
 
Under our pre-petition common stock repurchase programs, we repurchased 259,200 shares of our outstanding pre-petition common stock at an average purchase price of $16.18 per share, excluding commissions of $0.03 per share, in 2008 and 154,258 shares of our outstanding pre-petition common stock at an average purchase price of $28.18 per share, excluding commissions of $0.03 per share, in 2007. In light of extremely adverse industry conditions, repurchases of common stock were suspended in 2008.
 
In connection with our emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings, our pre-petition common stock was extinguished, and no distributions were made to our former shareholders. So long as any of the Series A Preferred Stock remains outstanding, we cannot repurchase our common stock.
 
Adequacy of Liquidity Sources
 
As of December 31, 2009, we had approximately $1.6 billion of cash and cash equivalents on hand, which we believe will enable us to meet our liquidity needs to satisfy ordinary course business obligations. However, our ability to continue to meet such liquidity needs is subject to and will be affected by cash flows from operations, including the impact of restructuring activities, the continued general economic downturn and turmoil in the global credit markets, challenging automotive industry conditions, including further reduction in automotive industry production, the financial condition of our customers and suppliers and other related factors. Additionally, as discussed in “— Executive Overview” above, a continued economic downturn or a further reduction in production levels could negatively impact our financial condition. Furthermore, our future financial results will be affected by cash flows from operations, including the impact of restructuring activities, and will also be subject to certain factors outside of our control, including those described above in this paragraph. No assurance can be given regarding the length or severity of the economic downturn and its ultimate impact on our financial results. See Part I — Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” “— Executive Overview” above, including “— Executive Overview — Liquidity and Financial Condition,” and “— Forward-Looking Statements” below for further discussion of the risks and uncertainties affecting our cash flows from operations and overall liquidity.
 
Market Risk Sensitivity
 
In the normal course of business, we are exposed to market risk associated with fluctuations in foreign exchange rates and interest rates. Prior to our bankruptcy filing under Chapter 11, we managed these risks through the use of derivative financial instruments in accordance with management’s guidelines. We entered into all hedging transactions for periods consistent with the underlying exposures. We did not enter into derivative instruments for trading purposes.
 
As a result of our bankruptcy filing under Chapter 11, all of our outstanding derivative contracts were de-designated and/or terminated in the 2009 Predecessor Period. The market value of the derivative contracts as of the date that they were either de-designated or terminated was included in the counterparties’ secured claims under the Plan and settled in accordance with the Plan. There were no derivative contracts outstanding as of December 31,


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2009. For additional information regarding our prior derivative contracts, see Note 17, “Financial Instruments,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
We intend to use derivative financial instruments, including forwards, futures, options, swaps and other derivative contracts to manage our exposures to fluctuations in foreign exchange. We will evaluate and, if appropriate, use derivative financial instruments, including forwards, futures, options, swaps and other derivative contracts to manage our exposures to fluctuations in interest rates and commodity prices in 2010.
 
Foreign Exchange
 
Operating results may be impacted by our buying, selling and financing in currencies other than the functional currency of our operating companies (“transactional exposure”). Prior to our bankruptcy filing under Chapter 11, we mitigated this risk by entering into forward foreign exchange, futures and option contracts. The foreign exchange contracts were executed with banks that we believed were creditworthy. Gains and losses related to foreign exchange contracts were deferred where appropriate and included in the measurement of the foreign currency transaction subject to the hedge. Gains and losses incurred related to foreign exchange contracts were generally offset by the direct effects of currency movements on the underlying transactions. Our most significant foreign currency transactional exposures relate to the Mexican peso and various European currencies.
 
In addition to transactional exposures, our operating results are impacted by the translation of our foreign operating income into U.S. dollars (“translation exposure”). In 2009, net sales outside of the United States accounted for 84% of our consolidated net sales, although certain non-U.S. sales are U.S. dollar denominated. We do not enter into foreign exchange contracts to mitigate this exposure.
 
Interest Rates
 
Prior to our bankruptcy filing under Chapter 11, our exposure to variable interest rates on outstanding variable rate debt instruments indexed to United States or European Monetary Union short-term money market rates was partially managed by the use of interest rate swap and other derivative contracts. These contracts converted certain variable rate debt obligations to fixed rate, matching effective and maturity dates to specific debt instruments. From time to time, we also utilized interest rate swap and other derivative contracts to convert certain fixed rate debt obligations to variable rate, matching effective and maturity dates to specific debt instruments. All of our interest rate swap and other derivative contracts were executed with banks that we believed were creditworthy and were denominated in currencies that matched the underlying debt instrument. Net interest payments or receipts from interest rate swap and other derivative contracts were included as adjustments to interest expense in our consolidated statements of operations on an accrual basis.
 
Commodity Prices
 
We have commodity price risk with respect to purchases of certain raw materials, including steel, leather, resins, chemicals, copper and diesel fuel. Raw material, energy and commodity costs have been extremely volatile over the past several years. In limited circumstances, we have used financial instruments to mitigate this risk.
 
We have developed and implemented strategies to mitigate the impact of higher raw material, energy and commodity costs, which include cost reduction actions, such as the selective in-sourcing of components, the continued consolidation of our supply base, longer-term purchase commitments and the selective expansion of low-cost country sourcing and engineering, as well as value engineering and product benchmarking. However, these strategies, together with commercial negotiations with our customers and suppliers, typically offset only a portion of the adverse impact. Although raw material, energy and commodity costs have recently moderated, these costs remain volatile and could have an adverse impact on our operating results in the foreseeable future. See Part I — Item 1A, “Risk Factors — High raw material costs could continue to have an adverse impact on our profitability,” and “—  Forward-Looking Statements.”
 
Prior to our bankruptcy filing under Chapter 11, we used derivative instruments to reduce our exposure to fluctuations in certain commodity prices, including copper. Commodity swap contracts were executed with banks that we believed were creditworthy.


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For further information related to the financial instruments described above, see Note 17, “Financial Instruments,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
Other Matters
 
Legal and Environmental Matters
 
We are involved from time to time in various legal proceedings and claims, including, without limitation, commercial and contractual disputes, product liability claims and environmental and other matters. As of December 31, 2009, we had recorded reserves for pending legal disputes, including commercial disputes and other matters, of $19 million. In addition, as of December 31, 2009, we had recorded reserves for product liability claims and environmental matters of $27 million and $3 million, respectively. Although these reserves were determined in accordance with GAAP, the ultimate outcomes of these matters are inherently uncertain, and actual results may differ significantly from current estimates. In addition, substantially all of the Debtors’ pre-petition liabilities were resolved under the Plan. For a description of risks related to various legal proceedings and claims, see Part I — Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” included in this Report. For a more complete description of our outstanding material legal proceedings and the impact of the Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings and the Plan on certain of our pre-petition liabilities, see Note 15, “Commitments and Contingencies,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
Significant Accounting Policies and Critical Accounting Estimates
 
Our significant accounting policies are more fully described in Note 4, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report. Certain of our accounting policies require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. These estimates and assumptions are based on our historical experience, the terms of existing contracts, our evaluation of trends in the industry, information provided by our customers and suppliers and information available from other outside sources, as appropriate. However, these estimates and assumptions are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty. As a result, actual results in these areas may differ significantly from our estimates.
 
We consider an accounting estimate to be critical if it requires us to make assumptions about matters that were uncertain at the time the estimate was made and changes in the estimate would have had a significant impact on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.
 
Pre-Production Costs Related to Long-Term Supply Arrangements
 
We incur pre-production engineering and development (“E&D”) and tooling costs related to the products produced for our customers under long-term supply agreements. We expense all pre-production E&D costs for which reimbursement is not contractually guaranteed by the customer. In addition, we expense all pre-production tooling costs related to customer-owned tools for which reimbursement is not contractually guaranteed by the customer or for which the customer has not provided a non-cancelable right to use the tooling. During 2009 and 2008, we capitalized $117 million and $137 million, respectively, of pre-production E&D costs for which reimbursement is contractually guaranteed by the customer. During 2009 and 2008, we also capitalized $101 million and $155 million, respectively, of pre-production tooling costs related to customer-owned tools for which reimbursement is contractually guaranteed by the customer or for which the customer has provided a non-cancelable right to use the tooling. During 2009 and 2008, we collected $221 million and $337 million, respectively, of cash related to E&D and tooling costs.
 
A change in the commercial arrangements affecting any of our significant programs that would require us to expense E&D or tooling costs that we currently capitalize could have a material adverse impact on our operating results.


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Impairment of Goodwill
 
As of December 31, 2009 and 2008, we had recorded goodwill of approximately $621 million and $1.5 billion, respectively. Goodwill recorded as of December 31, 2009, reflects the adoption of fresh-start accounting (see Note 3, “Fresh-Start Accounting,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report). Goodwill is not amortized but is tested for impairment on at least an annual basis. Impairment testing is required more often than annually if an event or circumstance indicates that an impairment is more likely than not to have occurred. In conducting our impairment testing, we compare the fair value of each of our reporting units to the related net book value. If the net book value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss is measured and recognized. We conduct our annual impairment testing as of the first day of the fourth quarter.
 
We utilize an income approach to estimate the fair value of each of our reporting units. The income approach is based on projected debt-free cash flow which is discounted to the present value using discount factors that consider the timing and risk of cash flows. We believe that this approach is appropriate because it provides a fair value estimate based upon the reporting unit’s expected long-term operating cash flow performance. This approach also mitigates the impact of cyclical trends that occur in the industry. Fair value is estimated using recent automotive industry and specific platform production volume projections, which are based on both third-party and internally developed forecasts, as well as commercial, wage and benefit, inflation and discount rate assumptions. The discount rate used is the value-weighted average of our estimated cost of equity and of debt (“cost of capital”) derived using, both known and estimated, customary market metrics. Our weighted average cost of capital is adjusted by reporting unit to reflect a risk factor, if necessary, and such risk factors ranged from zero to 300 basis points for each reporting unit in 2008. Other significant assumptions include terminal value growth rates, terminal value margin rates, future capital expenditures and changes in future working capital requirements. While there are inherent uncertainties related to the assumptions used and to management’s application of these assumptions to this analysis, we believe that the income approach provides a reasonable estimate of the fair value of our reporting units.
 
In the 2009 Predecessor Period, our annual goodwill impairment analysis, completed as of the first day of the fourth quarter, was based on our distributable value, which was approved by the Bankruptcy Court, and resulted in impairment charges of $319 million related to our electrical power management segment. For further information on our distributable value, see Note 3, “Fresh-Start Accounting” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
Our 2008 annual goodwill impairment analysis indicated a significant decline in the fair value of our electrical power management segment, as well as an impairment of the related goodwill. The decline in fair value resulted from unfavorable operating results, primarily as a result of the significant decline in estimated industry production volumes. We evaluated the net book value of goodwill within our electrical power management segment by comparing the fair value of each reporting unit to the related net book value. As a result, we recorded total goodwill impairment charges of $530 million.
 
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
 
We monitor our long-lived assets for impairment indicators on an ongoing basis in accordance with GAAP. If impairment indicators exist, we perform the required impairment analysis by comparing the undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated from the long-lived assets to the related net book values. If the net book value exceeds the undiscounted cash flows, an impairment loss is measured and recognized. An impairment loss is measured as the difference between the net book value and the fair value of the long-lived assets. Fair value is estimated based upon either discounted cash flow analyses or estimated salvage values. Cash flows are estimated using internal budgets based on recent sales data, independent automotive production volume estimates and customer commitments, as well as assumptions related to discount rates. Changes in economic or operating conditions impacting these estimates and assumptions could result in the impairment of our long-lived assets.
 
In the 2009 Predecessor Period and in the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, we recognized fixed asset impairment charges of $6 million, $18 million and $17 million, respectively, in conjunction with our restructuring actions. See “— Restructuring.”


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Fixed asset impairment charges are recorded in cost of sales in the consolidated statements of operations for the 2009 Predecessor Period and for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, included in this Report.
 
Impairment of Investments in Affiliates
 
As of December 31, 2009 and 2008, we had aggregate investments in affiliates of $139 million and $190 million, respectively. We monitor our investments in affiliates for indicators of other-than-temporary declines in value on an ongoing basis in accordance with GAAP. If we determine that an other-than-temporary decline in value has occurred, we recognize an impairment loss, which is measured as the difference between the recorded book value and the fair value of the investment. Fair value is generally determined using an income approach based on discounted cash flows or negotiated transaction values. A further deterioration in industry conditions and decline in the operating results of our non-consolidated affiliates could result in the impairment of our investments.
 
In the 2009 Predecessor Period, we recorded impairment charges of $42 million related to certain of our investments in affiliates. In the year ended December 31, 2008, we recorded an impairment charge of $34 million related to an investment in an affiliate.
 
Restructuring
 
Accruals have been recorded in conjunction with our restructuring actions. These accruals include estimates primarily related to facility consolidations and closures, employment reductions and contract termination costs. Actual costs may vary from these estimates. Restructuring-related accruals are reviewed on a quarterly basis, and changes to restructuring actions are appropriately recognized when identified.
 
Legal and Other Contingencies
 
We are involved from time to time in various legal proceedings and claims, including commercial or contractual disputes, product liability claims and environmental and other matters, that arise in the normal course of business. We routinely assess the likelihood of any adverse judgments or outcomes related to these matters, as well as ranges of probable losses, by consulting with internal personnel principally involved with such matters and with our outside legal counsel handling such matters. We have accrued for estimated losses in accordance with GAAP for those matters where we believe that the likelihood that a loss has occurred is probable and the amount of the loss is reasonably estimable. The determination of the amount of such reserves is based on knowledge and experience with regard to past and current matters and consultation with internal personnel principally involved with such matters and with our outside legal counsel handling such matters. The amount of such reserves may change in the future due to new developments or changes in circumstances. The inherent uncertainty related to the outcome of these matters can result in amounts materially different from any provisions made with respect to their resolution.
 
Pension and Other Postretirement Defined Benefit Plans
 
We provide certain pension and other postretirement benefits to our employees and retired employees, including pensions, postretirement health care benefits and other postretirement benefits.
 
Plan assets and obligations are measured using various actuarial assumptions, such as discount rates, rate of compensation increase, mortality rates, turnover rates and health care cost trend rates, which are determined as of the current year measurement date. The measurement of net periodic benefit cost is based on various actuarial assumptions, including discount rates, expected return on plan assets and rate of compensation increase, which are determined as of the prior year measurement date. We review our actuarial assumptions on an annual basis and modify these assumptions when appropriate. As required by GAAP, the effects of the modifications are recorded currently or are amortized over future periods.
 
Approximately 14% of our active workforce is covered by defined benefit pension plans. Approximately 2% of our active workforce is covered by other postretirement benefit plans. Pension plans provide benefits based on plan-specific benefit formulas as defined by the applicable plan documents. Postretirement benefit plans generally provide for the continuation of medical benefits for all eligible employees. We also have contractual arrangements


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with certain employees which provide for supplemental retirement benefits. In general, our policy is to fund our pension benefit obligation based on legal requirements, tax considerations and local practices. We do not fund our postretirement benefit obligation.
 
As of December 31, 2009, our projected benefit obligations related to our pension and other postretirement benefit plans were $817 million and $156 million, respectively, and our unfunded pension and other postretirement benefit obligations were $131 million and $156 million, respectively. These benefit obligations were valued using a weighted average discount rate of 5.93% and 5.50% for domestic pension and other postretirement benefit plans, respectively, and 5.88% and 6.60% for foreign pension and other postretirement benefit plans, respectively. The determination of the discount rate is based on the construction of a hypothetical bond portfolio consisting of high-quality fixed income securities with durations that match the timing of expected benefit payments. Changes in the selected discount rate could have a material impact on our projected benefit obligations and the unfunded status of our pension and other postretirement benefit plans. Decreasing the discount rate by 1% would have increased the projected benefit obligations and unfunded status of our pension and other postretirement benefit plans by approximately $110 million and $19 million, respectively.
 
For the 2009 Successor and 2009 Predecessor Periods, pension net periodic benefit cost was $1 million and $34 million, respectively, and other postretirement net periodic benefit cost was $1 million and $6 million, respectively. Net periodic benefit cost was determined using a variety of actuarial assumptions. In the 2009 Successor Period, pension net periodic benefit cost was calculated using a weighted average discount rate of 5.47% for domestic and 5.41% for foreign plans and an expected return on plan assets of 8.25% for domestic and 6.90% for foreign plans. In the 2009 Predecessor Period, pension net periodic benefit cost was calculated using a weighted average discount rate of 5.68% for domestic and 5.98% for foreign plans and an expected return on plan assets of 8.25% for domestic and 6.90% for foreign plans. The expected return on plan assets is determined based on several factors, including adjusted historical returns, historical risk premiums for various asset classes and target asset allocations within the portfolio. Adjustments made to the historical returns are based on recent return experience in the equity and fixed income markets and the belief that deviations from historical returns are likely over the relevant investment horizon. In the 2009 Successor Period, other postretirement net periodic benefit cost was calculated using a discount rate of 5.50% for domestic and 6.50% for foreign plans. In the 2009 Predecessor Period, other postretirement net periodic benefit cost was calculated using a discount rate of 5.75% for domestic and 7.50% for foreign plans.
 
Aggregate pension and other postretirement net periodic benefit cost is forecasted to be approximately $15 million in 2010. This estimate is based on a weighted average discount rate of 5.93% and 5.88% for domestic and foreign pension plans, respectively, and 5.50% and 6.50% for domestic and foreign other postretirement benefit plans, respectively. Actual cost is also dependent on various other factors related to the employees covered by these plans. Adjustments to our actuarial assumptions could have a material adverse impact on our operating results. While decreasing the discount rate by 1% would have a minimal impact on pension and other postretirement net periodic benefit cost for the year ended December 31, 2010, decreasing the expected return on plan assets by 1% would increase pension net periodic benefit cost by approximately $7 million for the year ended December 31, 2010.
 
Based on minimum funding requirements, we expect required contributions to be approximately $25 to $30 million to our domestic and foreign pension plans in 2010. We may elect to make contributions in excess of the minimum funding requirements in response to investment performance and changes in interest rates, to achieve funding levels required by our defined benefit plan arrangements or when we believe that it is financially advantageous to do so and based on our other capital requirements. Our minimum funding requirements after 2010 will depend on several factors, including investment performance and interest rates. Our minimum funding requirements may also be affected by changes in applicable legal requirements. We also have payments due with respect to our postretirement benefit obligations. We do not fund our postretirement benefit obligations. Rather, payments are made as costs are incurred by covered retirees. We expect payments related to our postretirement benefit obligations to be approximately $10 million in 2010.
 
We also have a defined contribution retirement program for our salaried employees. Contributions to this program are determined as a percentage of each covered employee’s eligible compensation and are expected to be


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approximately $12 million in 2010. In addition, as a result of amendments to certain of our non-qualified defined benefit plans in December 2007, we expect distributions to participants in these plans to be approximately $7 million in 2010.
 
For further information related to our pension and other postretirement benefit plans, see Note 12, “Pension and Other Postretirement Benefit Plans,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
Revenue Recognition and Sales Commitments
 
We enter into agreements with our customers to produce products at the beginning of a vehicle’s life cycle. Although such agreements do not provide for a specified quantity of products, once we enter into such agreements, we are generally required to fulfill our customers’ purchasing requirements for the production life of the vehicle. These agreements generally may be terminated by our customers at any time. Historically, terminations of these agreements have been minimal. In certain instances, we may be committed under existing agreements to supply products to our customers at selling prices which are not sufficient to cover the direct cost to produce such products. In such situations, we recognize losses as they are incurred.
 
We receive purchase orders from our customers on an annual basis. Generally, each purchase order provides the annual terms, including pricing, related to a particular vehicle model. Purchase orders do not specify quantities. We recognize revenue based on the pricing terms included in our annual purchase orders as our products are shipped to our customers. We are asked to provide our customers with annual price reductions as part of certain agreements. We accrue for such amounts as a reduction of revenue as our products are shipped to our customers. In addition, we have ongoing adjustments to our pricing arrangements with our customers based on the related content, the cost of our products and other commercial factors. Such pricing accruals are adjusted as they are settled with our customers.
 
Amounts billed to customers related to shipping and handling costs are included in net sales in our consolidated statements of operations. Shipping and handling costs are included in cost of sales in our consolidated statements of operations.
 
Income Taxes
 
We account for income taxes in accordance GAAP. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to temporary differences between financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax loss and credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled.
 
In determining the provision for income taxes for financial statement purposes, we make certain estimates and judgments, which affect our evaluation of the carrying value of our deferred tax assets, as well as our calculation of certain tax liabilities. In accordance with GAAP, we evaluate the carrying value of our deferred tax assets on a quarterly basis. In completing this evaluation, we consider all available evidence. Such evidence includes historical results, expectations for future pretax operating income, the time period over which our temporary differences will reverse and the implementation of feasible and prudent tax planning strategies.
 
We continue to maintain a valuation allowance related to our net deferred tax assets in the United States and several foreign jurisdictions. As of December 31, 2009, we had valuation allowances of $1.2 billion related to tax loss and credit carryforwards and other deferred tax assets in the United States and several foreign jurisdictions. Our current and future provision for income taxes is significantly impacted by the initial recognition of and changes in valuation allowances in certain countries, particularly the United States. We intend to maintain these allowances until it is more likely than not that the deferred tax assets will be realized. Our future provision for income taxes will include no tax benefit with respect to losses incurred and no tax expense with respect to income generated in these countries until the respective valuation allowance is eliminated.
 
In addition, the calculation of our tax benefits and liabilities includes uncertainties in the application of complex tax regulations in a multitude of jurisdictions across our global operations. We recognize tax benefits and liabilities based on our estimate of whether, and the extent to which, additional taxes will be due. We adjust these


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liabilities based on changing facts and circumstances; however, due to the complexity of some of these uncertainties and the impact of any tax audits, the ultimate resolutions may differ significantly from our estimated liabilities.
 
On January 1, 2007, we adopted new GAAP provisions, which clarified the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes by establishing minimum standards for the recognition and measurement of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. Under these new requirements, we must review all of our tax positions and make a determination as to whether our position is more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon examination by regulatory authorities. If a tax position meets the more-likely-than-not standard, then the related tax benefit is measured based on a cumulative probability analysis of the amount that is more-likely-than-not to be realized upon ultimate settlement or disposition of the underlying issue. We recognized the cumulative impact of the adoption of these requirements as a $5 million decrease to our liability for unrecognized tax benefits with a corresponding decrease to our retained deficit balance as of January 1, 2007.
 
For further information related to income taxes, see Note 11, “Income Taxes,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
Fair Value Measurements
 
We measure certain assets and liabilities at fair value on a non-recurring basis using unobservable inputs (Level 3 input based on the GAAP fair value hierarchy). For further information on these fair value measurements, see “— Impairment of Goodwill,” “— Impairment of Long-Lived Assets” and ‘‘— Impairment of Investments in Affiliates” above and “— Adoption of Fresh-Start Accounting” below.
 
Adoption of Fresh-Start Accounting
 
Fresh-start accounting results in a new basis of accounting and reflects the allocation of our estimated fair value to our underlying assets and liabilities. Our estimates of fair value are inherently subject to significant uncertainties and contingencies beyond our reasonable control. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that the estimates, assumptions, valuations, appraisals and financial projections will be realized, and actual results could vary materially.
 
Our reorganization value was allocated to our assets in conformity with the procedures specified by ASC 805, “Business Combinations.” The excess of reorganization value over the fair value of tangible and identifiable intangible assets was recorded as goodwill. Liabilities existing as of the Effective Date, other than deferred taxes, were recorded at the present value of amounts expected to be paid using appropriate risk adjusted interest rates. Deferred taxes were determined in conformity with applicable income tax accounting standards. Predecessor accumulated depreciation, accumulated amortization, retained deficit, common stock and accumulated other comprehensive loss were eliminated.
 
For further information on fresh-start accounting, see Note 3, “Fresh-Start Accounting,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. During 2009, there were no material changes in the methods or policies used to establish estimates and assumptions. The adoption of fresh-start accounting required significant estimation and judgment. See Note 3, “Fresh-Start Accounting,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report. Other matters subject to estimation and judgment include amounts related to accounts receivable realization, inventory obsolescence, asset impairments, useful lives of fixed and intangible assets, unsettled pricing discussions with customers and suppliers, restructuring accruals, deferred tax asset valuation allowances and income taxes, pension and other postretirement benefit plan assumptions, accruals related to litigation, warranty and environmental remediation costs and self-insurance accruals. Actual results may differ significantly from our estimates.


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Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
 
Fair Value Measurements and Financial Instruments
 
The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) amended ASC 860, “Transfers and Servicing,” with Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2009-16, “Accounting for Transfers of Financial Assets,” to, among other things, eliminate the concept of qualifying special purpose entities, provide additional sale accounting requirements and require enhanced disclosures. The provisions of this update are effective for annual reporting periods beginning after November 15, 2009. The effects of adoption are not expected to be significant as our previous asset-backed securitization facility expired in 2008. We will assess the impact of this update on any future securitizations.
 
We adopted the provisions of ASC 820-10, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” for our financial assets and liabilities and certain of our nonfinancial assets and liabilities that are measured and/or disclosed at fair value on a recurring basis as of January 1, 2008. We adopted these provisions for other nonfinancial assets and liabilities that are measured and/or disclosed at fair value on a nonrecurring basis as of January 1, 2009. This guidance defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. The effects of adoption were not significant. For further information, see Note 17, “Financial Instruments,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
The FASB amended ASC 820-10 to provide additional guidance on disclosure requirements and estimating fair value when the volume and level of activity for the asset or liability have significantly decreased in relation to normal market activity (FASB Staff Position (“FSP”) No. 157-4, “Determining Fair Value When the Volume and Level of Activity for the Asset or Liability Have Significantly Decreased and Identifying Transactions That Are Not Orderly”). This amendment requires interim disclosure of the inputs and valuation techniques used to measure fair value. The provisions of this amendment are effective for interim and annual reporting periods ending after June 15, 2009. The effects of adoption were not significant. For further information, see Note 17, “Financial Instruments,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
The FASB amended ASC 825-10, “Financial Instruments,” to extend the annual disclosure requirements for financial instruments to interim reporting periods (FSP No. 107-1 and APB 28-1, “Interim Disclosures about Fair Value of Financial Instruments”). The provisions of this amendment are effective for interim and annual reporting periods ending after June 15, 2009. The effects of adoption were not significant. For additional disclosures related to the fair value of our debt instruments, see Note 17, “Financial Instruments,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
Noncontrolling Interests
 
On January 1, 2009, we adopted the provisions of ASC 810-10-45, “Noncontrolling Interest in a Subsidiary.” This guidance requires the reporting of all noncontrolling interests as a separate component of equity (deficit), the reporting of consolidated net income (loss) as the amount attributable to both Lear and noncontrolling interests and the separate disclosure of net income (loss) attributable to Lear and net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests. In addition, this guidance provides accounting and reporting requirements related to changes in noncontrolling ownership interests.
 
The reporting and disclosure requirements discussed above are required to be applied retrospectively. As such, all prior periods presented have been restated to conform to the current presentation and reporting requirements. In the consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2008, included in this Report, $49 million of noncontrolling interests were reclassified from other long-term liabilities to equity. In the consolidated statements of operations for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, included in this Report, $26 million of net income attributable to noncontrolling interests was reclassified from minority interests in consolidated subsidiaries in both periods. In the consolidated statement of cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, included in this Report, $19 million and $21 million, respectively, of dividends paid to noncontrolling interests were reclassified from cash flows from operating activities to cash flows from financing activities.


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Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
 
On January 1, 2009, we adopted the provisions of ASC 815-10-50, “Derivatives and Hedging — Disclosure.” This guidance requires enhanced disclosures regarding (a) how and why an entity uses derivative instruments, (b) how derivative instruments and related hedged items are accounted for under existing GAAP and (c) how derivative instruments and related hedged items affect an entity’s financial position, performance and cash flows. These provisions were effective for the fiscal year and interim periods beginning after November 15, 2008. The effects of adoption were not significant. For additional disclosures related to our derivative instruments and hedging activities, see Note 17, “Financial Instruments,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities
 
The FASB amended ASC 810, “Consolidations,” with ASU 2009-17, “Improvements to Financial Reporting by Enterprises Involved with Variable Interest Entities.” ASU 2009-17 significantly changes the model for determining whether an entity is the primary beneficiary and should thus consolidate a variable interest entity. In addition, this update requires additional disclosures and an ongoing assessment of whether a variable interest entity should be consolidated. The provisions of this update are effective for annual reporting periods beginning after November 15, 2009. We have ownership interests in consolidated and non-consolidated variable interest entities and are currently evaluating the impact of this update on our financial statements. We do not expect the effects of adoption to be significant.
 
Pension and Other Postretirement Benefits
 
The FASB amended ASC 715-20, “Compensation — Retirement Benefits — Defined Benefit Plans — General,” to require additional disclosures regarding assets held in an employer’s defined benefit pension or other postretirement plan (FSP No. 132(R)-1, “Employer’s Disclosures about Postretirement Benefit Plan Assets”). The provisions of this amendment are effective for annual reporting periods ending after December 15, 2009. Certain of our defined benefit pension plans are funded. The effects of adoption were not significant. For additional disclosures related to our defined benefit pension plans, see Note 12, “Pension and Other Postretirement Benefit Plans,” to the consolidated financial statements included in this Report.
 
FASB Codification
 
ASC 105, “Generally Accepted Accounting Principles,” establishes the ASC as the sole source of authoritative U.S. generally accepted accounting principles for nongovernmental entities, with the exception of rules and interpretive releases by the Securities and Exchange Commission. The provisions of ASC 105 are effective for interim and annual accounting periods ending after September 15, 2009. With the exception of changes to financial statements and other disclosures referencing pre-ASC accounting pronouncements, the effects of adoption were not significant.
 
Revenue Recognition
 
The FASB amended ASC 605, “Revenue Recognition,” with ASU 2009-13, “Revenue Recognition (Topic 605) — Multiple-Deliverable Revenue Arrangements.” If a revenue arrangement has multiple deliverables, this update requires the allocation of revenue to the separate deliverables based on relative selling prices. In addition, this update requires additional ongoing disclosures about an entity’s multiple-element revenue arrangements. The provisions of this update are effective no later than January 1, 2011. We are currently evaluating the impact of this update on our financial statements.


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Forward-Looking Statements
 
The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 provides a safe harbor for forward-looking statements made by us or on our behalf. The words “will,” “may,” “designed to,” “outlook,” “believes,” “should,” “anticipates,” “plans,” “expects,” “intends,” “estimates” and similar expressions identify these forward-looking statements. All statements contained or incorporated in this Report which address operating performance, events or developments that we expect or anticipate may occur in the future, including statements related to business opportunities, awarded sales contracts, sales backlog and on-going commercial arrangements, or statements expressing views about future operating results, are forward-looking statements. Important factors, risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ from those expressed in our forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:
 
  •  general economic conditions in the markets in which we operate, including changes in interest rates or currency exchange rates;
 
  •  the financial condition and restructuring actions of our customers and suppliers;
 
  •  changes in actual industry vehicle production levels from our current estimates;
 
  •  fluctuations in the production of vehicles for which we are a supplier;
 
  •  the loss of business with respect to, or the lack of commercial success of, a vehicle model for which we are a significant supplier, including further declines in sales of full-size pickup trucks and large sport utility vehicles;
 
  •  disruptions in the relationships with our suppliers;
 
  •  labor disputes involving us or our significant customers or suppliers or that otherwise affect us;
 
  •  our ability to achieve cost reductions that offset or exceed customer-mandated selling price reductions;
 
  •  the outcome of customer negotiations;
 
  •  the impact and timing of program launch costs;
 
  •  the costs, timing and success of restructuring actions;
 
  •  increases in our warranty or product liability costs;
 
  •  risks associated with conducting business in foreign countries;
 
  •  competitive conditions impacting our key customers and suppliers;
 
  •  the cost and availability of raw materials and energy;
 
  •  our ability to mitigate increases in raw material, energy and commodity costs;
 
  •  the outcome of legal or regulatory proceedings to which we are or may become a party;
 
  •  unanticipated changes in cash flow, including our ability to align our vendor payment terms with those of our customers;
 
  •  our ability to access capital markets on commercially reasonable terms;
 
  •  further impairment charges initiated by adverse industry or market developments;
 
  •  our anticipated future performance, including, without limitation, our ability to maintain or increase revenue and gross margins, control future operating expenses and make necessary capital expenditures; and
 
  •  other risks, described in Part I — Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” and from time to time in our other SEC filings.
 
The forward-looking statements in this Report are made as of the date hereof, and we do not assume any obligation to update, amend or clarify them to reflect events, new information or circumstances occurring after the date hereof.


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ITEM 8 —  CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
 

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
         
    Page
 
    61  
    63  
    64  
    65  
    67  
    68  
    126  


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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
 
The Board of Directors and Shareholders of Lear Corporation
 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Lear Corporation and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2009 (Successor) and December 31, 2008 (Predecessor), and the related consolidated statements of operations, equity and cash flows for the period from November 8, 2009 to December 31, 2009 (Successor), the period from January 1, 2009 to November 7, 2009, and the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007 (Predecessor). Our audits also included the financial statement schedule included in Item 8. These financial statements and schedule are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and schedule based on our audits.
 
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Lear Corporation and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2009 (Successor) and December 31, 2008 (Predecessor), and the consolidated results of their operations and cash flows for the period from November 8, 2009 to December 31, 2009 (Successor), the period from January 1, 2009 to November 7, 2009, and the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007 (Predecessor), in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Also, in our opinion, the related financial statement schedule, when considered in relation to the basic financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein.
 
As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, on November 5, 2009, the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York entered an order confirming the Plan of Reorganization, which became effective on November 9, 2009. Accordingly, the accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with FASB Accounting Standards Codificationtm 852, “Reorganizations,” for the Successor as a new entity with assets, liabilities and a capital structure having carrying values that are not comparable to prior periods.
 
As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, in 2009, the Predecessor changed its method of accounting for and presentation of consolidated net income (loss) attributable to Lear and noncontrolling interests.
 
As discussed in Note 12 to the consolidated financial statements, in 2008, the Predecessor changed its method of accounting for pension and other postretirement benefit plans.
 
We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), Lear Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2009, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission, and our report dated February 26, 2010, expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
 
/s/  Ernst & Young LLP
 
Detroit, Michigan
February 26, 2010


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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
The Board of Directors and Shareholders of Lear Corporation
 
We have audited Lear Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2009, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (the COSO criteria). Lear Corporation’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting included in Item 9A(b). Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.
 
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit the preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding the prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
 
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
 
In our opinion, Lear Corporation maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2009, based on the COSO criteria.
 
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the 2009 consolidated financial statements of Lear Corporation and subsidiaries, and our report dated February 26, 2010, expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
 
/s/  Ernst & Young LLP
 
Detroit, Michigan
February 26, 2010


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LEAR CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
                 
    Successor     Predecessor  
December 31,
  2009     2008  
    (In millions, except share data)  
 
ASSETS
Current Assets:
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 1,554.0     $ 1,592.1  
Accounts receivable
    1,479.9       1,210.7  
Inventories
    447.4       532.2  
Other
    305.7       339.2  
                 
Total current assets
    3,787.0       3,674.2  
                 
Long-Term Assets:
               
Property, plant and equipment, net
    1,050.9       1,213.5  
Goodwill, net
    621.4       1,480.6  
Other
    614.0       504.6  
                 
Total long-term assets
    2,286.3       3,198.7  
                 
    $ 6,073.3     $ 6,872.9  
                 
 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current Liabilities:
               
Short-term borrowings
  $ 37.1     $ 42.5  
Pre-petition primary credit facility
          2,177.0  
Accounts payable and drafts
    1,547.5       1,453.9  
Accrued liabilities
    808.1       932.1  
Current portion of long-term debt
    8.1       4.3  
                 
Total current liabilities
    2,400.8       4,609.8  
                 
Long-Term Liabilities:
               
Long-term debt
    927.1       1,303.0  
Other
    563.6       712.4  
                 
Total long-term liabilities
    1,490.7       2,015.4  
                 
Equity:
               
Series A convertible preferred stock, 100,000,000 shares authorized;
               
10,896,250 shares issued; 9,881,303 shares outstanding as of
               
December 31, 2009
    408.1        
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 300,000,000 shares authorized;
               
36,954,733 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2009
    0.4        
Predecessor common stock, $0.01 par value, 150,000,000 shares authorized; 82,549,501 shares issued as of December 31, 2008
          0.8  
Additional paid-in capital, including warrants to purchase common stock
    1,685.7       1,371.7  
Predecessor common stock held in treasury, 5,145,642 shares as of
               
December 31, 2008, at cost
          (176.1 )
Retained deficit
    (3.8 )     (818.2 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
    (1.3 )     (179.3 )
                 
Lear Corporation stockholders’ equity
    2,089.1       198.9  
Noncontrolling interests
    92.7       48.8  
                 
Equity
    2,181.8       247.7  
                 
    $ 6,073.3     $ 6,872.9  
                 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated balance sheets.


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LEAR CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
 
                                 
    Successor     Predecessor  
    Two Month
    Ten Month
             
    Period Ended
    Period Ended
    Year Ended December 31,  
    December 31, 2009     November 7, 2009     2008     2007  
    (In millions, except per share data)  
 
Net sales
  $ 1,580.9     $ 8,158.7     $ 13,570.5     $ 15,995.0  
Cost of sales
    1,508.1       7,871.3       12,822.9       14,843.2  
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    71.2       376.7       511.5       572.8  
Amortization of intangible assets
    4.5       4.1       5.3       5.2  
Goodwill impairment charges
          319.0       530.0        
Divestiture of Interior business
                      10.7  
Interest expense ($221.1 million of contractual interest for the ten month period ended November 7, 2009)
    11.1       151.4       190.3       199.2  
Other (income) expense, net
    19.8       (16.6 )     51.9       40.7  
Reorganization items and fresh-start accounting adjustments, net
          (1,474.8 )            
                                 
Consolidated income (loss) before provision (benefit) for income taxes and equity in net (income) loss of affiliates
    (33.8 )     927.6       (541.4 )     323.2  
Provision (benefit) for income taxes
    (24.2 )     29.2       85.8       89.9  
Equity in net (income) loss of affiliates
    (1.9 )     64.0       37.2       (33.8 )
                                 
Consolidated net income (loss)
    (7.7 )     834.4       (664.4 )     267.1  
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests
    (3.9 )     16.2       25.5       25.6  
                                 
Net income (loss) attributable to Lear
  $ (3.8 )   $ 818.2     $ (689.9 )   $ 241.5  
                                 
Basic net income (loss) per share attributable to Lear
  $ (0.11 )   $ 10.56     $ (8.93 )   $ 3.14  
                                 
Diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to Lear
  $ (0.11 )   $ 10.55     $ (8.93 )   $ 3.09  
                                 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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LEAR CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
 
                                         
    Series A
          Additional
             
    Preferred
    Common
    Paid-in
    Treasury
    Retained
 
    Stock     Stock     Capital     Stock     Deficit  
    (In millions, except share data)  
 
Balance at December 31, 2006 — Predecessor
  $     $ 0.7     $ 1,338.1     $ (210.2 )   $ (362.5 )
Comprehensive income (loss):
                                       
Net income
                            241.5  
Other comprehensive income (loss)
                             
                                         
Total comprehensive income (loss)
                            241.5  
Issuance of common stock — merger termination
          0.1       12.5              
Stock-based compensation (includes issuances of 528,888 shares of common stock at an average price of $38.00)
                22.7       20.1        
Purchases of 154,258 shares at an average price of $28.21
                      (4.4 )      
Adoption of new accounting pronouncement (Note 11)
                            4.5  
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests
                             
Transactions with affiliates
                             
                                         
Balance at December 31, 2007 — Predecessor
  $     $ 0.8     $ 1,373.3     $ (194.5 )   $ (116.5 )
                                         
Comprehensive income (loss):
                                       
Net income (loss)
                            (689.9 )
Other comprehensive income (loss)
                             
                                         
Total comprehensive income (loss)
                            (689.9 )
Stock-based compensation (includes issuances of 471,244 shares of common stock at an average price of $48.03)
                (1.6 )     22.6        
Purchases of 259,200 shares at an average price of $16.21
                      (4.2 )      
Adoption of new accounting pronouncement (Note 12)
                            (4.9 )
Adoption of new accounting pronouncement (Note 12)
                            (6.9 )
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests
                             
Transactions with affiliates
                             
                                         
Balance at December 31, 2008 — Predecessor
  $     $ 0.8     $ 1,371.7     $ (176.1 )   $ (818.2 )
                                         
Comprehensive income:
                                       
Net income
                            818.2  
Other comprehensive income
                             
                                         
Total comprehensive income
                            818.2  
Stock-based compensation (includes issuances of 120,363 shares of common stock at an average price of $50.56)
                1.6       6.1        
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests
                             
Reorganization and fresh-start accounting adjustments
          (0.8 )     (1,373.3 )     170.0        
                                         
Balance at November 7, 2009 — Predecessor
  $     $     $     $     $  
                                         
Issuance of 10,896,250 shares of Series A preferred stock net of $50.0 million prepayment in connection with emergence from Chapter 11
    450.0                          
Issuance of 34,117,386 shares of common stock and 8,157,249 warrants in connection with emergence from Chapter 11
          0.4       1,635.8              
                                         
Balance at November 7, 2009 — Successor
  $ 450.0     $ 0.4     $ 1,635.8     $     $  
                                         
Comprehensive income (loss):
                                       
Net loss
                            (3.8 )
Other comprehensive income (loss)
                             
                                         
Total comprehensive income (loss)
                            (3.8 )
Conversion of 1,014,947 shares of Series A preferred stock
    (41.9 )           41.9              
Issuance of 1,780,015 shares of common stock related to exercises of warrants
                             
Stock-based compensation
                8.0              
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests
                             
                                         
Balance at December 31, 2009 — Successor
  $ 408.1     $ 0.4     $ 1,685.7     $     $ (3.8 )
                                         


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LEAR CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY (continued)
 
                                                 
    Accumulated Other
                   
    Comprehensive Loss, net of tax                    
    Defined
    Derivative
    Cumulative
    Lear
    Non-
       
    Benefit
    Instruments and
    Translation
    Stockholders’
    controlling
       
    Plans     Hedging Activities     Adjustments     Equity     Interests     Equity  
    (In millions, except share data)  
 
Balance at December 31, 2006 — Predecessor
  $ (202.2 )   $ 5.9     $ 32.2     $ 602.0     $ 38.0     $ 640.0  
Comprehensive income (loss):
                                               
Net income
                      241.5       25.6       267.1  
Other comprehensive income (loss)
    96.2       (20.6 )     116.1       191.7             191.7  
                                                 
Total comprehensive income (loss)
    96.2       (20.6 )     116.1       433.2       25.6       458.8  
Issuance of common stock — merger termination
                      12.6             12.6  
Stock-based compensation (includes issuances of 528,888 shares of common stock at an average price of $38.00)
                      42.8             42.8  
Purchases of 154,258 shares at an average price of $28.21
                      (4.4 )           (4.4 )
Adoption of new accounting pronouncement (Note 11)
                      4.5             4.5  
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests
                            (20.6 )     (20.6 )
Transactions with affiliates
                            (16.2 )     (16.2 )
                                                 
Balance at December 31, 2007 — Predecessor
  $ (106.0 )   $ (14.7 )   $ 148.3     $ 1,090.7     $ 26.8     $ 1,117.5  
                                                 
Comprehensive income (loss):
                                               
Net income (loss)
                      (689.9 )     25.5       (664.4 )
Other comprehensive income (loss)
    (69.0 )     (74.1 )     (64.8 )     (207.9 )     0.7       (207.2 )
                                                 
Total comprehensive income (loss)
    (69.0 )     (74.1 )     (64.8 )     (897.8 )     26.2       (871.6 )
Stock-based compensation (includes issuances of 471,244 shares of common stock at an average price of $48.03)
                      21.0             21.0  
Purchases of 259,200 shares at an average price of $16.21
                      (4.2 )           (4.2 )
Adoption of new accounting pronouncement (Note 12)
                      (4.9 )           (4.9 )
Adoption of new accounting pronouncement (Note 12)
    1.0                   (5.9 )           (5.9 )
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests
                            (19.4 )     (19.4 )
Transactions with affiliates
                            15.2       15.2  
                                                 
Balance at December 31, 2008 — Predecessor
  $ (174.0 )   $ (88.8 )   $ 83.5     $ 198.9     $ 48.8     $ 247.7  
                                                 
Comprehensive income:
                                               
Net income
                      818.2       16.2       834.4  
Other comprehensive income
    14.9       47.7       55.9       118.5       1.0       119.5  
                                                 
Total comprehensive income
    14.9       47.7       55.9       936.7       17.2       953.9  
Stock-based compensation (includes issuances of 120,363 shares of common stock at an average price of $50.56)
                      7.7             7.7  
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests
                            (16.8 )     (16.8 )
Reorganization and fresh-start accounting adjustments
    159.1       41.1       (139.4 )     (1,143.3 )     54.5       (1,088.8 )
                                                 
Balance at November 7, 2009 — Predecessor
  $     $     $     $     $ 103.7     $ 103.7  
                                                 
Issuance of 10,896,250 shares of Series A preferred stock net of $50.0 million prepayment in connection with emergence from Chapter 11
                      450.0             450.0  
Issuance of 34,117,386 shares of common stock and 8,157,249 warrants in connection with emergence from Chapter 11
                      1,636.2             1,636.2  
                                                 
Balance at November 7, 2009 — Successor
  $     $     $     $ 2,086.2     $ 103.7     $ 2,189.9  
                                                 
Comprehensive income (loss):
                                               
Net loss
                      (3.8 )     (3.9 )     (7.7 )
Other comprehensive income (loss)
    9.2             (10.5 )     (1.3 )     (0.1 )     (1.4 )
                                                 
Total comprehensive income (loss)
    9.2             (10.5 )     (5.1 )     (4.0 )     (9.1 )
Conversion of 1,014,947 shares of Series A preferred stock
                                   
Issuance of 1,780,015 shares of common stock related to exercises of warrants
                                   
Stock-based compensation
                      8.0             8.0  
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests
                            (7.0 )     (7.0 )
                                                 
Balance at December 31, 2009 — Successor
  $ 9.2     $     $ (10.5 )   $ 2,089.1     $ 92.7     $ 2,181.8  
                                                 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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LEAR CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 
                                   
    Successor       Predecessor  
    Two Month
      Ten Month
             
    Period Ended
      Period Ended
    Year Ended  
    December 31,
      November 7,
    December 31,  
    2009       2009     2008     2007  
    (In millions)  
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
                                 
Consolidated net income (loss)
  $ (7.7 )     $ 834.4     $ (664.4 )   $ 267.1  
Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities —
Reorganization items and fresh start accounting adjustments, net
            (1,474.8 )            
Goodwill impairment charges
            319.0       530.0        
Divestiture of Interior business
                        10.7  
Equity in net (income) loss of affiliates
    (1.9 )       64.0       37.2       (33.8 )
Gain on extinguishment of debt
                  (7.5 )      
Fixed asset impairment charges
            5.6       17.5       16.8  
Deferred tax provision (benefit)
    (2.4 )       32.2       30.4       (43.9 )
Depreciation and amortization
    39.8         223.9       299.3       296.9  
Stock-based compensation
    8.0         7.3       19.2       24.4  
Net change in recoverable customer engineering and tooling
    11.0         (9.6 )     45.0       47.1  
Net change in working capital items
    291.2         (297.0 )     (196.9 )     (67.3 )
Net change in sold accounts receivable
            (138.5 )     47.2       (168.9 )
Changes in other long-term liabilities
    (35.9 )       (75.0 )     (23.0 )     80.3  
Changes in other long-term assets
    (1.7 )       (4.6 )     0.2       12.6  
Other, net
    23.6         13.9       29.4       45.5  
                                   
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
    324.0         (499.2 )     163.6       487.5  
                                   
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
                                 
Additions to property, plant and equipment
    (41.3 )       (77.5 )     (167.7 )     (202.2 )
Cost of acquisitions, net of cash acquired
            (4.4 )     (27.9 )     (33.4 )
Divestiture of Interior business
                        (100.9 )
Net proceeds from disposition of businesses and other assets
    4.0         29.7       51.9       10.0  
Other, net
    (2.2 )       (0.5 )     (0.7 )     (13.5 )
                                   
Net cash used in investing activities
    (39.5 )       (52.7 )     (144.4 )     (340.0 )
                                   
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
                                 
Debtor-in-possession facility borrowings
            500.0              
Debtor-in-possession facility repayments
            (500.0 )            
First lien facility borrowings
            375.0              
Second lien facility prepayments
            (50.0 )            
Payment of deferred financing fees
            (70.6 )     (17.6 )      
Predecessor primary credit facility borrowings (repayments)
                  1,186.0       (6.0 )
Repayment/repurchase of predecessor senior notes
                  (133.5 )     (2.9 )
Other long-term debt repayments, net
    (1.9 )       (0.5 )     (5.3 )     (21.5 )
Short-term borrowings (repayments), net
    6.6         (11.4 )     12.6       (10.2 )
Prepayment of Series A convertible preferred stock in
                                 
connection with emergence from Chapter 11
            (50.0 )            
Proceeds from the exercise of predecessor stock options
                        7.6  
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests
    (7.0 )       (16.8 )     (19.4 )     (20.6 )
Other, net
    32.5         (10.7 )     (35.5 )     (16.8 )
                                   
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
    30.2         165.0       987.3       (70.4 )
                                   
Effect of foreign currency translation
    (15.1 )       49.2       (15.7 )     21.5  
                                   
Net Change in Cash and Cash Equivalents
    299.6         (337.7 )     990.8       98.6  
Cash and Cash Equivalents at Beginning of Period
    1,254.4         1,592.1       601.3       502.7  
                                   
Cash and Cash Equivalents at End of Period
  $ 1,554.0       $ 1,254.4     $ 1,592.1     $ 601.3  
                                   
Changes in Working Capital:
                                 
Accounts receivable
  $ 337.0       $ (426.0 )   $ 867.6     $ 78.9  
Inventories
    27.2         66.0       55.6       (6.9 )
Accounts payable
    10.2         50.3       (779.2 )     (125.9 )
Accrued liabilities and other
    (83.2 )       12.7       (340.9 )     (13.4 )
                                   
Net change in working capital items
  $ 291.2       $ (297.0 )   $ (196.9 )   $ (67.3 )
                                   
Supplementary Disclosure:
                                 
Cash paid for interest
  $ 0.5       $ 78.9     $ 195.9     $ 207.1  
                                   
Cash paid for income taxes, net of refunds received of $26.9 in the ten month period ended November 7, 2009, $10.4 in 2008 and $13.8 in 2007
  $ 4.3       $ 60.0     $ 103.5     $ 107.1  
                                   
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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Lear Corporation and Subsidiaries
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 
(1)   Basis of Presentation
 
Lear Corporation (“Lear”) and its affiliates design and manufacture complete automotive seat systems and related components, as well as electrical power management systems. Through the first quarter of 2007, Lear also supplied automotive interior systems and components, including instrument panels and cockpit systems, headliners and overhead systems, door panels and flooring and acoustic systems (Note 6, “Divestiture of Interior Business”). Lear’s main customers are automotive original equipment manufacturers. Lear operates facilities worldwide (Note 16, “Segment Reporting”).
 
On November 9, 2009, Lear and certain of its U.S. and Canadian subsidiaries emerged from bankruptcy proceedings under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code (the “Bankruptcy Code”) (“Chapter 11”). In accordance with the provisions of FASB Accounting Standards Codificationtm (“ASC”) 852, “Reorganizations,” Lear adopted fresh-start accounting upon its emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings and became a new entity for financial reporting purposes as of November 7, 2009. Accordingly, the consolidated financial statements for the reporting entity subsequent to emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings (the “Successor”) are not comparable to the consolidated financial statements for the reporting entity prior to emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings (the “Predecessor”).
 
In addition, ASC 852 requires that financial statements, for periods including and subsequent to a Chapter 11 bankruptcy filing, distinguish between transactions and events that are directly associated with the reorganization proceedings and the ongoing operations of the business, as well as additional disclosures. Effective July 7, 2009, expenses, gains and losses directly associated with the reorganization proceedings are reported as reorganization items and fresh-start accounting adjustments, net in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations for the ten month period ended November 7, 2009. In addition, liabilities subject to compromise in the Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings are distinguished from liabilities not subject to compromise and from post-petition liabilities. Liabilities subject to compromise were reported at amounts allowed or expected to be allowed under the Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings. For the period from July 7, 2009 through November 7, 2009, contractual interest expense related to liabilities subject to compromise of $69.7 million was not recorded as it was not an allowed claim under the Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings. The “Company,” when used in reference to the period subsequent to emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings, refers to the Successor, and when used in reference to periods prior to emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings, refers to the Predecessor. In addition, results for the two month period ended December 31, 2009, are referred to as the “2009 Successor Period,” and results for the ten month period ended November 7, 2009, are referred as the “2009 Predecessor Period.” For further information regarding the Company’s filing under and emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings and the adoption of fresh-start accounting, see Note 2, “Reorganization under Chapter 11,” and Note 3, “Fresh-Start Accounting.”
 
The accompanying Successor and Predecessor consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Lear, a Delaware corporation and the wholly owned and less than wholly owned subsidiaries controlled by Lear. In addition, variable interest entities in which Lear bears a majority of the risk of the entities’ potential losses or stands to gain from a majority of the entities’ expected returns are consolidated. Investments in affiliates in which Lear does not have control, but does have the ability to exercise significant influence over operating and financial policies, are accounted for under the equity method (Note 8, “Investments in Affiliates and Other Related Party Transactions”).
 
Noncontrolling Interests
 
On January 1, 2009, the Company adopted the provisions of ASC 810-10-45, “Noncontrolling Interest in a Subsidiary.” This guidance requires the reporting of all noncontrolling interests as a separate component of equity (deficit), the reporting of consolidated net income (loss) as the amount attributable to both Lear and noncontrolling interests and the separate disclosure of net income (loss) attributable to Lear and net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests. In addition, this guidance provides accounting and reporting requirements related to changes in noncontrolling ownership interests.
 
The reporting and disclosure requirements discussed above are required to be applied retrospectively. As such, all prior periods presented have been restated to conform to current presentation and reporting requirements. In the


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Lear Corporation and Subsidiaries
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
 
accompanying consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2008, $48.8 million of noncontrolling interests were reclassified from other long-term liabilities to equity. In the accompanying consolidated statements of operations for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, $25.5 million and $25.6 million, respectively, of net income attributable to noncontrolling interests was reclassified from minority interests in consolidated subsidiaries. In the accompanying consolidated statements of cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, $19.4 million and $20.6 million, respectively, of dividends paid to noncontrolling interests were reclassified from cash flows from operating activities to cash flows from financing activities.
 
(2)   Reorganization under Chapter 11
 
In 2009, the Company completed a comprehensive evaluation of its strategic and financial options and concluded that voluntarily filing for bankruptcy protection under Chapter 11 was necessary in order to re-align the Company’s capital structure to address lower industry production and capital market conditions and position the Company’s business for long-term success. On July 7, 2009, Lear Corporation and certain of its U.S. and Canadian subsidiaries (the “Canadian Debtors” and collectively, the “Debtors”) filed voluntary petitions for relief under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York (the “Bankruptcy Court”) (Consolidated Case No. 09-14326). On July 9, 2009, the Canadian Debtors also filed petitions for protection under section 18.6 of the Companies’ Creditors Arrangement Act in the Ontario Superior Court, Commercial List (the “Canadian Court”). Lear’s remaining subsidiaries, consisting primarily of non-U.S. and non-Canadian subsidiaries, were not subject to the requirements of the Bankruptcy Code. On September 12, 2009, the Debtors filed with the Bankruptcy Court their First Amended Joint Plan of Reorganization (as amended and supplemented, the “Plan” or “Plan of Reorganization”) and their Disclosure Statement (as amended and supplemented, the “Disclosure Statement”). On November 5, 2009, the Bankruptcy Court entered an order approving and confirming the Plan (the “Confirmation Order”), and on November 6, 2009, the Canadian Court entered an order recognizing the Confirmation Order and giving full force and effect to the Confirmation Order and Plan under applicable Canadian law.
 
On November 9, 2009 (the “Effective Date”), the Debtors consummated the reorganization contemplated by the Plan and emerged from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings.
 
Post-Emergence Capital Structure and Recent Events
 
Following the Effective Date and after giving effect to the Excess Cash Paydown (as described below), the Company’s capital structure consists of the following:
 
  •  First Lien Facility — A first lien credit facility of $375 million (the “First Lien Facility”).
 
  •  Second Lien Facility — A second lien credit facility of $550 million (the “Second Lien Facility”).
 
  •  Series A Preferred Stock — $450 million, or 10,896,250 shares, of Series A convertible participating preferred stock (the “Series A Preferred Stock”).
 
  •  Common Stock and Warrants — A single class of Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Common Stock”), including sufficient shares to provide for (i) management equity grants, (ii) the conversion of the Series A Preferred Stock into Common Stock and (iii) warrants to purchase 15%, or 8,157,249 shares, of the Company’s Common Stock, on a fully diluted basis (the “Warrants”).
 
For more detailed information regarding the Company’s capital structure, see Part I — Item I, “Business — Business of the Company — General — Post-Emergence Capital Structure and Recent Events.” For further information regarding the First Lien Facility and the Second Lien Facility, see Note 10, “Long-Term Debt.” For further information regarding the Series A Preferred Stock, the Common Stock and the Warrants, see Note 13, “Capital Stock.”
 
Pursuant to the Plan, to the extent that the Company had liquidity on the Effective Date in excess of $1.0 billion, subject to certain working capital and other adjustments and accruals, the amount of such excess would be utilized (i) first, to prepay the Series A Preferred Stock in an aggregate stated value of up to $50 million;


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Lear Corporation and Subsidiaries
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
 
(ii) second, to prepay the Second Lien Facility in an aggregate principal amount of up to $50 million; and (iii) third, to reduce the First Lien Facility (such prepayments and reductions, the “Excess Cash Paydown”).
 
On November 27, 2009, the Company determined its liquidity on the Effective Date, for purposes of the Excess Cash Paydown, which consisted of approximately $1.5 billion in cash and cash equivalents. After giving effect to certain working capital and other adjustments and accruals, the resulting aggregate Excess Cash Paydown was approximately $225 million. The Excess Cash Paydown was applied, in accordance with the Plan, (i) first, to prepay the Series A Preferred Stock in an aggregate stated value of $50 million; (ii) second, to prepay the Second Lien Facility in an aggregate principal amount of $50 million; and (iii) third, to reduce the First Lien Facility by an aggregate principal amount of approximately $125 million.
 
On November 27, 2009, the Company elected to make the delayed draw provided for under the First Lien Facility in the amount of $175 million. Following such delayed draw funding, and when combined with the Company’s initial draw under the First Lien Facility of $200 million on the Effective Date and after giving effect to the Excess Cash Paydown, the aggregate principal amount outstanding under the First Lien Facility was $375 million. The application of the Excess Cash Paydown and the delayed draw under the First Lien Facility are reflected above in the information setting forth the Company’s capital structure following the Effective Date.
 
Satisfaction of DIP Agreement
 
On July 6, 2009, the Debtors entered into a credit and guarantee agreement by and among Lear, as borrower, the guarantors party thereto, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent, and the lenders party thereto (the “DIP Agreement”), as further described in Note 10, “Long-Term Debt.” The DIP Agreement provided for new money debtor-in-possession financing comprised of a term loan in the aggregate principal amount of $500 million. On August 4, 2009, the Bankruptcy Court entered an order approving the DIP Agreement, and the Debtors subsequently received proceeds of $500 million, net of related fees and expenses of approximately $36.7 million, related to available debtor-in-possession financing. On the Effective Date, amounts outstanding under the DIP Agreement were repaid, using proceeds of the First Lien Facility and available cash.
 
For further information regarding the DIP Agreement, see Note 10, “Long-Term Debt.”
 
Cancellation of Certain Pre-Petition Obligations
 
Under the Plan, the Company’s pre-petition equity, debt and certain of its other obligations were cancelled and extinguished, as follows:
 
  •  The Predecessor common stock was extinguished, and no distributions were made to the Predecessor’s former shareholders;
 
  •  The Predecessor’s pre-petition debt securities were cancelled, and the indentures governing such debt securities were terminated (other than for the purposes of allowing holders of the notes to receive distributions under the Plan and allowing the trustees to exercise certain rights); and
 
  •  The Predecessor’s pre-petition primary credit facility was cancelled (other than for the purposes of allowing creditors under that facility to receive distributions under the Plan and allowing the administrative agent to exercise certain rights).
 
For further information regarding the resolution of certain of the Company’s other pre-petition liabilities in accordance with the Plan, see Note 3, “Fresh-Start Accounting — Liabilities Subject to Compromise,” and Note 15, “Commitments and Contingencies.”
 
(3)   Fresh-Start Accounting
 
As discussed in Note 2, “Reorganization under Chapter 11,” the Debtors emerged from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings on November 9, 2009. As a result, the Successor adopted fresh-start accounting as (i) the reorganization value of the Predecessor’s assets immediately prior to the confirmation of the Plan was less than the total of all post-petition liabilities and allowed claims and (ii) the holders of the Predecessor’s existing voting shares


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Lear Corporation and Subsidiaries
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
 
immediately prior to the confirmation of the Plan received less than 50% of the voting shares of the emerging entity. Accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) require the adoption of fresh-start accounting as of the Plan confirmation date, or as of a later date when all material conditions precedent to the Plan’s becoming effective are resolved, which occurred on November 9, 2009. The Company elected to adopt fresh-start accounting as of November 7, 2009, to coincide with the timing of its normal October accounting period close. Other than transactions specifically contemplated by the Plan, which have been reflected in the consolidated financial statements for the 2009 Predecessor Period, there were no transactions that occurred from November 8, 2009 through November 9, 2009, that would materially impact the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows for the 2009 Successor or 2009 Predecessor Periods.
 
Reorganization Value
 
The Bankruptcy Court confirmed the Plan that included a distributable value (or reorganization value) of $3,054 million as set forth in the Disclosure Statement. For purposes of the Plan and the Disclosure Statement, the Company and certain secured and unsecured creditors agreed upon this value as of the bankruptcy filing date. This reorganization value was determined to be a fair and reasonable value and is within the range of values considered by the Bankruptcy Court as part of the confirmation process. The reorganization value reflects a number of factors and assumptions, including the Company’s statements of operations and balance sheets, the Company’s financial projections, the amount of cash available to fund operations, current market conditions and a return to more normalized light vehicle production and sales volumes. The range of values considered by the Bankruptcy Court of $2.9 billion to $3.4 billion was determined using comparable public company trading multiples and discounted cash flow valuation methodologies.
 
The comparable public company analysis indentified a group of comparable companies giving consideration to lines of business, size, geographic footprint and customer base. The analysis compared the public market implied enterprise value for each comparable public company to its projected earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”). The calculated range of multiples for the comparable companies was used to estimate a range which was applied to the Company’s projected EBITDA to determine a range of enterprise values for the reorganized company or the reorganization value.
 
The discounted cash flow analysis was based on the Company’s projected financial information which includes a variety of estimates and assumptions. While the Company considers such estimates and assumptions reasonable, they are inherently subject to uncertainties and to a wide variety of significant business, economic and competitive risks, many of which are beyond the Company’s control and may not materialize. Changes in these estimates and assumptions may have had a significant effect on the determination of the Company’s reorganization value. The discounted cash flow analysis was based on recent automotive industry and specific platform production volume projections developed by both third-party and internal forecasts, as well as commercial, wage and benefit, inflation and discount rate assumptions. Other significant assumptions include terminal value growth rate, terminal value margin rate, future capital expenditures and changes in working capital requirements.
 
Adoption of Fresh-start Accounting
 
Fresh-start accounting results in a new basis of accounting and reflects the allocation of the Company’s estimated fair value to its underlying assets and liabilities. The Company’s estimates of fair value are inherently subject to significant uncertainties and contingencies beyond the Company’s reasonable control. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that the estimates, assumptions, valuations, appraisals and financial projections will be realized, and actual results could vary materially. If additional information becomes available related to the estimates used in determining the fair values, including those used in determining the fair values of long-lived assets, liabilities and income taxes, such information could impact the allocations of fair value included in the Successor’s balance sheet as of November 7, 2009.
 
The Company’s reorganization value was allocated to its assets in conformity with the procedures specified by ASC 805, “Business Combinations.” The excess of reorganization value over the fair value of tangible and identifiable intangible assets was recorded as goodwill. Liabilities existing as of the Effective Date, other than deferred taxes, were recorded at the present value of amounts expected to be paid using appropriate risk adjusted


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Lear Corporation and Subsidiaries
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
 
interest rates. Deferred taxes were determined in conformity with applicable income tax accounting standards. Predecessor accumulated depreciation, accumulated amortization, retained deficit, common stock and accumulated other comprehensive loss were eliminated.
 
Adjustments recorded to the Predecessor balance sheet as of November 7, 2009, resulting from the consummation of the Plan and the adoption of fresh-start accounting are summarized below (in millions):
 
                                 
    Predecessor
                Successor
 
    November 7,
    Reorganization
    Fresh-start
    November 7,
 
    2009     Adjustments (1)     Adjustments (9)     2009  
 
Assets
                               
Current Assets:
                               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 1,493.9     $ (239.5 )(2)   $     $ 1,254.4  
Accounts receivable
    1,836.6                   1,836.6  
Inventories
    471.8             9.1       480.9  
Other
    338.7             6.7       345.4  
                                 
Total current assets
    4,141.0       (239.5 )     15.8       3,917.3  
                                 
Long-Term Assets:
                               
Property, plant and equipment, net
    1,072.3             (4.7 )     1,067.6  
Goodwill, net
    1,203.7             (582.3 )     621.4  (8)
Other
    518.0       (20.2 )(3)     161.6       659.4  
                                 
Total long-term assets
    2,794.0       (20.2 )     (425.4 )     2,348.4  
                                 
    $ 6,935.0     $ (259.7 )   $ (409.6 )   $ 6,265.7  
                                 
Liabilities and Equity (Deficit)
                               
Current Liabilities:
                               
Short-term borrowings
  $ 30.4     $     $     $ 30.4  
Debtor-in-possession term loan
    500.0       (500.0 )(2)            
Accounts payable and drafts
    1,565.6                   1,565.6  
Accrued liabilities
    884.7       (1.8 )(2)     17.5       900.4  
Current portion of long-term debt
    4.2                   4.2  
                                 
Total current liabilities
    2,984.9       (501.8 )     17.5       2,500.6  
                                 
Long-Term Liabilities:
                               
Long-term debt
    8.2       925.0  (2)(4)           933.2  
Other
    679.7             (37.7 )     642.0  
                                 
Total long-term liabilities
    687.9       925.0       (37.7 )     1,575.2  
                                 
Liabilities Subject to Compromise
    3,635.6       (3,635.6 )(4)            
                                 
Equity (Deficit):
                               
Successor Series A Preferred Stock
          450.0  (2)(4)           450.0   
Successor Common Stock
          0.4  (4)(7)           0.4  
Successor additional paid-in capital
          1,635.8  (4)(7)           1,635.8  
Predecessor common stock
    0.8       (0.8 )(5)            
Predecessor additional paid-in capital
    1,373.3       (1,373.3 )(5)            
Predecessor common stock held in treasury
    (170.0 )     170.0  (5)            
Retained deficit
    (1,565.9 )     2,070.6  (6)     (504.7 )      
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
    (60.8 )           60.8